6 Transition Mistakes To Avoid When You’re Getting Out Of The Military
This article originally appeared onTask & Purpose, a digital news and culture publication dedicated to military and veterans issues.
As you prepare to get out of the military, don’t make these mistakes.
There are some days you never forget — the day you turn 21, your wedding, and the birth of a child. But for those of us in the veteran community, those days also include your expiration of term of service day.
In , burned out and ready to grow a beard, I left the Army and made damn near every mistake you can. As a result, my readjustment period was the worst year of my life, even worse than my deployment.
A few years older and wiser, I’ve compiled a list of my mistakes so that you can learn from them.
Don’t decide to end your service at the last minute.
When I first left the Army reserves and enlisted as active duty, I was positive that I was going to finish my 20 as a cavalry scout, kicking in doors and shooting bad guys. I had a busy deployment, but the two years after were mostly spent in administration roles. Life was miserable, but I held out hope that my job would magically get better. That, of course, didn’t happen. As a result, I didn’t even decide to ETS until I was four months from getting out.
The problem was that finding a replacement to run my arms room took time. While other guys were going to army career and alumni program appointments to learn how to write resumes, I was stuck working. I even had to attend training as a short timer, finishing exactly two weeks before I left the Army.
I missed a lot of preparation time because I didn’t communicate my intentions early enough. To add insult to injury, when I told my first sergeant during my last day at the unit that I would have stayed in if I could go back to a line unit, he rolled his eyes and told me that if he’d known that he would have made it happen.
Don’t burn bridges.
It’s tempting to think that as soon as you’re out, you’ll never need to speak with your chain of command ever again. But that hasn’t been the case for me, and it likely won’t be the case for you.
Having solid character references for job or school applications can be invaluable, particularly if you want to come back into the military as a pilot or officer some day. Simply being on good terms with people can be extremely beneficial. Also, you never know who you’ll run into. The world is a smaller place than you think. Every job I’ve ever gotten that pays more than $15 an hour has been because somebody I knew spoke up for me.
The fact that I decided to run my mouth on my way out the door set back my professional network by years, and made it much harder to fill out the “references” column on job applications for my first year as a civilian.
Don’t leave unless your paperwork is squared away.
Recently, in my guard unit, we had a troop show up off of active duty without a DD He didn’t have one at all, because he didn’t feel it was important to pursue it at the time. As a result, he wasn’t able to claim veteran’s preference on the jobs he applied to, which proved a serious setback. I didn’t mess up quite that badly, but I did leave active duty without my end of tour award. I also never squared away the paperwork I needed in order to get paid for my do-it-yourself move. As a result, I had an Army Commendation Medal that I didn’t receive for another year, and more important, lost a huge chunk of money by not getting paid for my move home.
It’s not always easy to know the status of your paperwork, especially if you don’t know how it can impact your transition to civilian life. Spend time talking to any recently separated veterans you know, and ask them what things they needed (hint: you’ll definitely need an up to date DD). Make sure those items are squared away. If your personnel shop can’t get them straightened out, get your chain of command involved. And if you ever do wind up coming back into the military, you don’t want to be missing awards because of a lost slip of paper.
Don’t talk to the reserve recruiter without thinking first.
As much as I hated my job, I didn’t hate the Army. So when I saw the reserve component recruiter on my outprocessing checklist, I just sauntered into her office and picked a National Guard unit near my house and an occupational specialty that sounded moderately interesting.
What I should have done was sit down and decide if I really wanted to be in the reserves or guard at all. I wound up unable to go back to school for the first year of my civilian life because I was waiting on a reclassification course for the MOS I chose in transition. In exchange for holding up progress on my life, I got education benefits that I didn’t need, as I had the GI Bill, but pretty much nothing else. I was reenlisting recklessly. In retrospect, I would probably have chosen the same MOS, but probably in a less “high speed” unit. The infantry battalion I joined had a very heavy drill schedule, which impacted my ability to focus on schoolwork.
There are tons of options that if you decide to stay in the reserves or guard, include switching branches all together. Just make sure that you consider the obligations that the unit will put on you, and any schools that you’ll need to complete in your first year with the unit, before signing on the dotted line.
Don’t blow all your money.
I got the second half of my $22, enlistment bonus around the time that I was getting out. Between that, and having 60 days of terminal leave, I figured that I was sitting in a pretty good place financially. How wrong was I? Within two weeks of coming home, I blew an inordinate amount of cash on truly dumb crap and suddenly became hilariously broke.
As little as you think you make in the military, you’ll realize just how far your dollar went on active duty. A civilian’s commute to work is much longer, costing more gas money than I was accustomed to, not to mention the money I saved by eating at the DFAC, and never having to wear clothing to work that wasn’t issued to me. Nothing is free as a civilian, and you need to plan accordingly.
Don’t leave without a job and a place to live.
I had a plan when I got off active duty. I was going to start a company, although I hadn’t what determined what kind of company I wanted. I planned to work at my kickass business during the day, be a part-time college student at night, and do ROTC or something so I could save my GI Bill. Then, at some point I’d graduate, have a successful company, and then use my GI Bill to take a four-year course of study in something fun like getting certified to blow up buildings.
Really, that was my plan.
And it fell apart on contact with civilian life. I was 23, had no formal education, so-so credit, and no business plan. Of course nobody was going to give me a business loan. Veterans whose transitions went more smoothly used the last year of their contract to search for real jobs, or to apply to college. Meanwhile I took a dishwashing job at a Cracker Barrel, because nobody else would hire me, and I’d for some reason decided that school was not for me. All the while I was sleeping in my parents’ garage because I failed to consider that my $8 an hour job wouldn’t let me pay rent anywhere. After a miserable year of living like a refugee and working a string of horrible jobs, I started to get myself together.
I decided that I wanted to go back to school and get a degree in biology. I graduated three years later, went to an ivy league school to get my master’s degree, and married a great girl. So even if you ETS badly, you aren’t doomed. But my missteps set progress in my life back quite a bit, and it will always be one of my greatest regrets. Don’t make my mistakes.
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THE ENLISTED-TO-OFFICER PATH
PREPARE TO LEAD YOUR FELLOW AIRMEN
As an enlisted Airman, we provide you with opportunities to earn your degree and work your way up the ladder to become an Air Force Officer. When you’re ready, we’ll provide you with training to further develop the skills you need to become a world-class leader.
BECOMING AN OFFICER AS AN ENLISTED AIRMAN
To begin the process of transitioning from Enlisted Airman to Officer, check to make sure that you meet all of our basic criteria.
- Be between 18 and 39 years of age.
- Be a U.S. citizen.
- Have at least a bachelor’s degree.
- If you’re already enlisted, you must have your unit commander’s approval/recommendation.
YOU HAVE QUESTIONS. WE HAVE ANSWERS.
Every path has its own set of requirements, and you may have questions about which path is best for your goals. Connect with us for the information you need to make the choice that’s right for you.
Air Force Officers are evaluated on their leadership potential, moral standards and academic strengths. Each candidate must go through a selective process to ensure they meet our requirements and have what it takes to become an officer.
Anyone striving to be an Air Force Officer must pass the Air Force Officer Qualifying Test (AFOQT)—a multiple-choice test with topics ranging from verbal and math skills to questions covering specific fields of interest. This test can only be taken twice, so it’s essential to study and prepare wisely.
All applicants applying for the rated program must also take the Test of Basic Aviation Skills (TBAS) to generate a Pilot Selection Candidate Method (PSCM) score.
PHYSICAL AND MENTAL SCREENING
As an active duty Air Force enlisted member, you will need to obtain an AF Form , Notification of Air Force Member’s Qualification Status, with a mandatory eligibility statement, to assess your physical and mental standards.
OFFICER TRAINING SCHOOL SELECTION BOARD
Every officer application is reviewed by the Officer Training School Selection Board, which evaluates both objective and subjective factors to determine if a candidate is a proper fit. No one factor can cause selection or rejection.
For active duty Air Force enlisted members, you may log in to the Air Force Portal for information on how to submit an application.
PREPARING FOR BASIC OFFICER TRAINING
Once you’ve been notified of your selection and completed any additional requirements, you’ll be assigned to the next available Basic Officer Training class. While waiting for your departure to Basic Officer Training, it is a good idea to prepare by working on your physical conditioning.
PREPPING AIRMEN FOR THE EXTREME
AEROSPACE AND OPERATIONAL PHYSIOLOGY
When Airmen are flying at 50, feet, they have to be prepared for every situation. Responsible for teaching pilots and aircrews the essential skills they need to handle in-flight emergencies, Aerospace and Operational Physiologists prepare our Airmen for the most extreme circumstances before they ever set foot on a plane. Additionally, these professionals conduct training on proper pre- and postflight preparation and even participate in high-altitude missions to ensure the health and safety of our flying Airmen.
- Provide pilots and crew members with the necessary skills to handle emergencies
- Schedule and operate low-pressure chambers to simulate the experience of flying
- Supervise and ensure safe operation of physiological training devices and proper health of participants
- Participate in parachuting activities when assigned
- Conduct lectures, discussions and demonstrations to showcase the physiological stresses
- Maintain records on use of the hypobaric chambers and the effects of participants
- Resolve technical problems pertaining to aerospace and operational physiology activities
High school diploma or GED with 15 college credits. Completion of high school courses in biology and chemistry is desirable.
- Thorough understanding of aerospace and closely related subjects
- Completion of appropriate aerospace-related courses
- Clear voice without speech impediments
- Ability to perform aerospace and operational physiology duties both alone and as a team
- Completion of weeks of Basic Military Training
- Must be between the ages of 17 and 39
TRAINING & EDUCATION
How do we transform you from a raw recruit to an expert Airman in this field? From hands-on experience to college credit toward a degree, the path begins here.
BASIC MILITARY TRAINING
TECH SCHOOL LOCATION
Wright Patterson AFB OH
STATUS UPON COMPLETION
Enlisted Airman with credits earned towards Aerospace Physiolog Technology
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