Acts 1 esv

Acts 1 esv DEFAULT

The book of transition; from Jewish to Christian, from Jew to Gentile, from law to grace. The work begun by Jesus Christ is continued by the apostles.

The first seven chapters deal with the establishing of the church in Jerusalem, up to the expansion in Samaria. Later the expansion continues to Gentile nations.

v1: Luke's account, an orderly telling of the history of the church. He has "carefully investigated" the events he relates.

We note that he immediately speaks of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit at work in perfect agreement. This unity is seen in creation, in the incarnation, in the crucifixion and resurrection, and in salvation.

v2: The apostles, those chosen and taught by Jesus; here they follow those instructions He has given them.

v3: "Many convincing proofs," a strong statement, for there is no doubt about Christ's resurrection, Luke 24.44-46. The apostles' eye-witness testimony is a feature of Acts. Hence what we read here has a solid, factual basis.

v4-5: Luke 24.49; waiting for the promise of the Father; baptised (immersed) in the Holy Spirit, clothed with power from on high; this promise is fulfilled at Pentecost.

The Lord previously appeared to the Eleven in Galilee; Matt 26.32; 28.7; John 21.1, but they later return to Jerusalem.

v6-7: The apostles' impatience and misunderstanding, "at this time," expecting things to happen immediately. God's time is not always our time; times and seasons are in His hands, and beyond our knowing; the secret things belong to the Lord our God.

Restore the kingdom to Israel, Matt 21.43; Luke 19.11; Israel has rejected Christ, and this the apostles will later appreciate. Yet the desire they express here will one day be fulfilled.

v8: The key verse of Acts; the book tells of the beginning of the fulfilment of this verse. Although there are instructions about the kingdom being fulfilled, the apostles are given a different task, to be witnesses to Christ, and are equipped to do this.

The witness; in Greek, MARTYR; the English word means 'to know with certainty.' A witness testifies to events or facts within their own personal knowledge and experience; this is an important concept in British legal practice. The Christian also has the inner witness of the Holy Spirit (Rom 8.9-11). The Arabic word shaheed also means both witness and martyr.

The Holy Spirit gives us power to live godly, and to witness to Christ (John 15.26); for He draws attention to Christ.

The testimony of Christ is not for unbelievers (John 2.24-25) for they accuse Christ (Matt 26.59-61).

Although the spread of the gospel is something geographic; Judea, Samaria, and the ends of the earth, we may also see it as to do with the human heart; religious, semi-religious, non-religious. Either way, the command is clear, to witness everywhere and to all; and by His power alone can this be fulfilled.

It seems no coincidence that travel was facilitated by good roads at the time. Edward Gibbons (The decline and fall of the Roman Empire, chapter 15) comments; 'the public highways...opened an easy passage for Christian missionaries.' By the reign of Diocletian (starting 284 AD), Gibbons suggests that the gospel had been preached 'in every province, and in all the great cities of the empire.'

v9-11: Christ's Ascension, and the promise of His return. The reality of His Ascension is proved by the coming of the Holy Spirit, John 16.7, 16; He has gone to prepare a place for us, John 14.2; as the man in the glory, He intercedes for us, Heb 9.24; and this is to our benefit, John 16.7.

His return is linked with His Ascension; 'You saw Him go...He will return.' There is no promise that the same individuals will witness His return. His return is therefore visible, Rev 1.7. We recognise that some scoff at the apparent non-fulfilment of His promise, 2 Pet 3.3-4. Note though that the return described in 1 Thess 4 is different from what is promised here.

v12-13: The Eleven return to Jerusalem. As in Luke 6.14-15, they are paired off, although Thomas and Bartholomew have different partners. It seems they will work together in the new order, just as they worked together whilst Jesus was on earth.

v14: Prayer with the women, which continues for some days, a "few days," v5.

v15: In total, there are 120 together, the Eleven, the women who followed with Jesus, and others. Peter is identified as leader.

v16-17: The matter of Judas; it may be that not all know the full story, which Peter now relates. Implicit here is a warning to those around him; Judas was numbered with the apostles, claimed to follow Christ, involved in "this ministry," accompanied true believers, yet he did not belong to Christ.

v18-19: See Matt 27.5-10, where Judas' suicide is related. It may be that his body fell from the tree where he hung himself, thus it "fell headlong." The field was purchased by Judas, ie: by the money he received from betraying Jesus.

The details may not easily be matched, however, this is his "reward."

v20: Peter, like Matthew, finds scriptures fulfilled even in the betrayer.

v21-22: Twelve witnesses of the resurrection, the apostles, leaders within the church, see Acts 8.1, although there are few references to them as a distinct group. See 15.2, 6, 22, which speak of the apostles and the elders; Gal 2.8 refers to the apostleship to the circumcised, contrasting Paul the apostle to the Gentiles.

v23-26: The 120 cast lots, choosing Matthias to make up the Twelve. It is therefore incorrect to think of Paul as the twelfth apostle.

Sours: https://www.biblenotes.org.uk/new-testament/Acts/1/

Acts 1

The Promise of the Holy Spirit

1In the first book, O a Theophilus, I have dealt with all that Jesus began b to do and teach,2until the day when c he was taken up, after he d had given commands e through the Holy Spirit to the apostles whom he had chosen.3f He presented himself alive to them after his suffering by many proofs, appearing to them during forty days and speaking about the kingdom of God.

4And while staying with them g he ordered them not to depart from Jerusalem, but to wait for the promise of the Father, which, he said, "you heard from me;5for h John baptized with water, h but you will be baptized i with the Holy Spirit not many days from now."

The Ascension

6So when they had come together, they asked him, "Lord, j will you at this time k restore the kingdom to Israel?"7He said to them, l "It is not for you to know m times or seasons that the Father has fixed by his own authority.8But you will receive n power o when the Holy Spirit has come upon you, and p you will be q my witnesses in Jerusalem and in all Judea and r Samaria, and s to the end of the earth."9And when he had said these things, as they were looking on, t he was lifted up, and u a cloud took him out of their sight.10And while they were gazing into heaven as he went, behold, v two w men stood by them in x white robes,11and said, y "Men of Galilee, why do you stand looking into heaven? This Jesus, who was taken up from you into heaven, z will a come in the same way as you saw him go into heaven."

Matthias Chosen to Replace Judas

12Then b they returned to Jerusalem from the mount called Olivet, which is near Jerusalem, a Sabbath day's journey away.13And when they had entered, they went up to c the upper room, where they were staying, d Peter and John and James and Andrew, Philip and Thomas, Bartholomew and Matthew, James the son of Alphaeus and Simon e the Zealot and Judas the son of James.14All these f with one accord g were devoting themselves to prayer, together with h the women and Mary the mother of Jesus, and i his brothers.

15In those days Peter stood up among j the brothers (the company of persons was in all about 120) and said,16"Brothers, k the Scripture had to be fulfilled, which the Holy Spirit spoke beforehand by the mouth of David concerning Judas, l who became a guide to those who arrested Jesus.17For m he was numbered among us and was allotted his share in n this ministry."18(Now this man o acquired a field with p the reward of his wickedness, and falling headlong he burst open in the middle and all his bowels gushed out.19And it became known to all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, so that the field was called q in their own language Akeldama, that is, Field of Blood.)

20"For it is written in the Book of Psalms,
r "'May his camp become desolate,
and let there be no one to dwell in it';
and
s "'Let another take his office.'

21So one of the men who have accompanied us during t all the time that the Lord Jesus u went in and out among us,22v beginning from the baptism of John until the day when w he was taken up from us - one of these men must become with us x a witness to his resurrection."23And they put forward two, Joseph called y Barsabbas, who was also called z Justus, and a Matthias.24And b they prayed and said, "You, Lord, c who know the hearts of all, show which one of these two you have chosen25to take the place in d this ministry and e apostleship from which Judas turned aside to go to his own place."26And they cast lots for them, and the lot fell on Matthias, and he was numbered with the eleven apostles.

  1. Cross References
    Luke 1:3
    It seemed good to me also, having followed all things closely for some time past, to write an orderly account for you, most excellent Theophilus.
  2. Cross References
    Luke 24:19
    And he said to them, "What things?" And they said to him, "Concerning Jesus of Nazareth, a man who was a prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people.
  3. Cross References
    Mark 16:19
    So then the Lord Jesus, after he had spoken to them, was taken up into heaven and sat down at the right hand of God.
  4. Cross References
    Acts 10:42
    And he commanded us to preach to the people and to testify that he is the one appointed by God to be judge of the living and the dead.
    Matthew 28:19 - 20
    Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.
    Mark 16:15
    And he said to them, "Go into all the world and proclaim the gospel to the whole creation.
    Luke 24:47
    And that repentance and forgiveness of sins should be proclaimed in his name to all nations, beginning from Jerusalem.
    John 20:21
    Jesus said to them again, "Peace be with you. As the Father has sent me, even so I am sending you.
  5. Cross References
    Acts 10:38
    How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and with power. He went about doing good and healing all who were oppressed by the devil, for God was with him.
    Luke 4:1
    And Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led by the Spirit in the wilderness
    Luke 4:18
    The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed me to proclaim good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim liberty to the captives and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty those who are oppressed.
    John 20:22
    And when he had said this, he breathed on them and said to them, "Receive the Holy Spirit.
  6. Cross References
    Acts 10:40 - 41
    But God raised him on the third day and made hi...
    Acts 13:31
    And for many days he appeared to those who had ...
    Matthew 28:17
    And when they saw him they worshiped him, but s...
    Mark 16:14
    Afterward he appeared to the eleven themselves ...
    Luke 24:34
    Saying, "The Lord has risen indeed, and has app...
    Luke 24:36 - 51
    As they were talking about these things, Jesus ...
    John 20:19 - 29
    On the evening of that day, the first day of th...
    John 20:21
    Jesus said to them again, "Peace be with you. A...
    1 Corinthians 15:5 - 7
    And that he appeared to Cephas, then to the twe...
  7. Cross References
    Luke 24:49
    And behold, I am sending the promise of my Father upon you. But stay in the city until you are clothed with power from on high.
  8. Cross References
    Acts 11:16
    And I remembered the word of the Lord, how he said, 'John baptized with water, but you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit.
    Matthew 3:11
    I baptize you with water for repentance, but he who is coming after me is mightier than I, whose sandals I am not worthy to carry. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire.
  9. Cross References
    Acts 11:16
    And I remembered the word of the Lord, how he said, 'John baptized with water, but you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit.
    Matthew 3:11
    I baptize you with water for repentance, but he who is coming after me is mightier than I, whose sandals I am not worthy to carry. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire.
  10. Cross References
    Acts 2:1 - 4
    When the day of Pentecost arrived, they were all together in one place.
  11. Cross References
    Luke 17:20
    Being asked by the Pharisees when the kingdom of God would come, he answered them, "The kingdom of God is not coming with signs to be observed.
  12. Cross References
    Micah 4:8
    And you, O tower of the flock, hill of the daughter of Zion, to you shall it come, the former dominion shall come, kingship for the daughter of Jerusalem.
    Matthew 17:11
    He answered, "Elijah does come, and he will restore all things.
    Mark 9:12
    And he said to them, "Elijah does come first to restore all things. And how is it written of the Son of Man that he should suffer many things and be treated with contempt?
    Luke 19:11
    As they heard these things, he proceeded to tell a parable, because he was near to Jerusalem, and because they supposed that the kingdom of God was to appear immediately.
  13. Cross References
    Matthew 24:36
    But concerning that day and hour no one knows, not even the angels of heaven, nor the Son, but the Father only.
    Mark 13:32
    But concerning that day or that hour, no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father.
  14. Cross References
    Daniel 2:21
    He changes times and seasons; he removes kings and sets up kings; he gives wisdom to the wise and knowledge to those who have understanding.
    1 Thessalonians 5:1
    Now concerning the times and the seasons, brothers, you have no need to have anything written to you.
  15. Cross References
    Acts 4:33
    And with great power the apostles were giving their testimony to the resurrection of the Lord Jesus, and great grace was upon them all.
    Luke 24:49
    And behold, I am sending the promise of my Father upon you. But stay in the city until you are clothed with power from on high.
    1 Thessalonians 1:5
    Because our gospel came to you not only in word, but also in power and in the Holy Spirit and with full conviction. You know what kind of men we proved to be among you for your sake.
    Acts 10:38
    How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and with power. He went about doing good and healing all who were oppressed by the devil, for God was with him.
    Luke 4:14
    And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit to Galilee, and a report about him went out through all the surrounding country.
  16. Cross References
    Acts 1:5
    For John baptized with water, but you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit not many days from now.
  17. Cross References
    Acts 1:22
    Beginning from the baptism of John until the day when he was taken up from us - one of these men must become with us a witness to his resurrection.
    Luke 24:48
    You are witnesses of these things.
  18. Cross References
    Isaiah 43:12
    I declared and saved and proclaimed, when there was no strange god among you; and you are my witnesses," declares the Lord, "and I am God.
  19. Cross References
    Acts 8:1
    And Saul approved of his execution. And there arose on that day a great persecution against the church in Jerusalem, and they were all scattered throughout the regions of Judea and Samaria, except the apostles.
    Acts 8:14
    Now when the apostles at Jerusalem heard that Samaria had received the word of God, they sent to them Peter and John.
    Matthew 10:5
    These twelve Jesus sent out, instructing them, "Go nowhere among the Gentiles and enter no town of the Samaritans.
  20. Cross References
    Acts 13:47
    For so the Lord has commanded us, saying, "'I have made you a light for the Gentiles, that you may bring salvation to the ends of the earth.'
    Mark 16:15
    And he said to them, "Go into all the world and proclaim the gospel to the whole creation.
    Colossians 1:23
    If indeed you continue in the faith, stable and steadfast, not shifting from the hope of the gospel that you heard, which has been proclaimed in all creation under heaven, and of which I, Paul, became a minister.
  21. Cross References
    Acts 1:2
    Until the day when he was taken up, after he had given commands through the Holy Spirit to the apostles whom he had chosen.
  22. Cross References
    1 Thessalonians 4:17
    Then we who are alive, who are left, will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we will always be with the Lord.
  23. Cross References
    Luke 24:4
    While they were perplexed about this, behold, two men stood by them in dazzling apparel.
  24. Cross References
    Joshua 5:13
    When Joshua was by Jericho, he lifted up his eyes and looked, and behold, a man was standing before him with his drawn sword in his hand. And Joshua went to him and said to him, "Are you for us, or for our adversaries?
    Daniel 9:21
    While I was speaking in prayer, the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the first, came to me in swift flight at the time of the evening sacrifice.
    Daniel 10:5
    I lifted up my eyes and looked, and behold, a man clothed in linen, with a belt of fine gold from Uphaz around his waist.
    Daniel 12:6 - 7
    And someone said to the man clothed in linen, who was above the waters of the stream, "How long shall it be till the end of these wonders?
    Zechariah 1:8 - 11
    I saw in the night, and behold, a man riding on a red horse! He was standing among the myrtle trees in the glen, and behind him were red, sorrel, and white horses.
  25. Cross References
    Matthew 28:3
    His appearance was like lightning, and his clothing white as snow.
    Mark 16:5
    And entering the tomb, they saw a young man sitting on the right side, dressed in a white robe, and they were alarmed.
    John 20:12
    And she saw two angels in white, sitting where the body of Jesus had lain, one at the head and one at the feet.
  26. Cross References
    Acts 2:7
    And they were amazed and astonished, saying, "Are not all these who are speaking Galileans?
    Acts 13:31
    And for many days he appeared to those who had come up with him from Galilee to Jerusalem, who are now his witnesses to the people.
  27. Cross References
    Philippians 3:20
    But our citizenship is in heaven, and from it we await a Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ.
    1 Thessalonians 1:10
    And to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, Jesus who delivers us from the wrath to come.
    Matthew 16:27
    For the Son of Man is going to come with his angels in the glory of his Father, and then he will repay each person according to what he has done.
  28. Cross References
    2 Thessalonians 1:10
    When he comes on that day to be glorified in his saints, and to be marveled at among all who have believed, because our testimony to you was believed.
  29. Cross References
    Luke 24:50
    Then he led them out as far as Bethany, and lifting up his hands he blessed them.
    Luke 24:52
    And they worshiped him and returned to Jerusalem with great joy.
  30. Cross References
    Acts 9:37
    In those days she became ill and died, and when they had washed her, they laid her in an upper room.
    Acts 9:39
    So Peter rose and went with them. And when he arrived, they took him to the upper room. All the widows stood beside him weeping and showing tunics and other garments that Dorcas made while she was with them.
    Acts 20:8
    There were many lamps in the upper room where we were gathered.
  31. Cross References
    Matthew 10:2 - 4
    The names of the twelve apostles are these: first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother.
    Mark 3:16 - 19
    He appointed the twelve: Simon (to whom he gave the name Peter).
    Luke 6:14 - 16
    Simon, whom he named Peter, and Andrew his brother, and James and John, and Philip, and Bartholomew.
  32. Cross References
    Acts 21:20
    And when they heard it, they glorified God. And they said to him, "You see, brother, how many thousands there are among the Jews of those who have believed. They are all zealous for the law.
  33. Cross References
    Acts 2:46
    And day by day, attending the temple together and breaking bread in their homes, they received their food with glad and generous hearts.
    Acts 4:24
    And when they heard it, they lifted their voices together to God and said, "Sovereign Lord, who made the heaven and the earth and the sea and everything in them.
    Acts 5:12
    Now many signs and wonders were regularly done among the people by the hands of the apostles. And they were all together in Solomon's Portico.
    Acts 15:25
    It has seemed good to us, having come to one accord, to choose men and send them to you with our beloved Barnabas and Paul.
    Romans 15:6
    That together you may with one voice glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.
  34. Cross References
    Acts 2:42
    And they devoted themselves to the apostles' teaching and the fellowship, to the breaking of bread and the prayers.
    Acts 6:4
    But we will devote ourselves to prayer and to the ministry of the word.
    Romans 12:12
    Rejoice in hope, be patient in tribulation, be constant in prayer.
    Colossians 4:2
    Continue steadfastly in prayer, being watchful in it with thanksgiving.
    Ephesians 6:18
    Praying at all times in the Spirit, with all prayer and supplication. To that end keep alert with all perseverance, making supplication for all the saints.
  35. Cross References
    Luke 8:2 - 3
    And also some women who had been healed of evil spirits and infirmities: Mary, called Magdalene, from whom seven demons had gone out.
  36. Cross References
    Matthew 12:46
    While he was still speaking to the people, behold, his mother and his brothers stood outside, asking to speak to him.
  37. Cross References
    John 21:23
    So the saying spread abroad among the brothers that this disciple was not to die; yet Jesus did not say to him that he was not to die, but, "If it is my will that he remain until I come, what is that to you?
  38. Cross References
    Luke 24:44
    Then he said to them, "These are my words that I spoke to you while I was still with you, that everything written about me in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms must be fulfilled.
    Luke 22:37
    For I tell you that this Scripture must be fulfilled in me: 'And he was numbered with the transgressors.' For what is written about me has its fulfillment.
  39. Cross References
    Matthew 26:47
    While he was still speaking, Judas came, one of the twelve, and with him a great crowd with swords and clubs, from the chief priests and the elders of the people.
    Mark 14:43
    And immediately, while he was still speaking, Judas came, one of the twelve, and with him a crowd with swords and clubs, from the chief priests and the scribes and the elders.
    Luke 22:47
    While he was still speaking, there came a crowd, and the man called Judas, one of the twelve, was leading them. He drew near to Jesus to kiss him.
    John 18:3
    So Judas, having procured a band of soldiers and some officers from the chief priests and the Pharisees, went there with lanterns and torches and weapons.
  40. Cross References
    John 6:71
    He spoke of Judas the son of Simon Iscariot, for he, one of the Twelve, was going to betray him.
    John 13:21
    After saying these things, Jesus was troubled in his spirit, and testified, "Truly, truly, I say to you, one of you will betray me.
  41. Cross References
    Acts 1:25
    To take the place in this ministry and apostleship from which Judas turned aside to go to his own place.
    Acts 20:24
    But I do not account my life of any value nor as precious to myself, if only I may finish my course and the ministry that I received from the Lord Jesus, to testify to the gospel of the grace of God.
    Acts 21:19
    After greeting them, he related one by one the things that God had done among the Gentiles through his ministry.
    Romans 11:13
    Now I am speaking to you Gentiles. Inasmuch then as I am an apostle to the Gentiles, I magnify my ministry
    2 Corinthians 4:1
    Therefore, having this ministry by the mercy of God, we do not lose heart.
  42. Cross References
    Matthew 27:5 - 8
    And throwing down the pieces of silver into the temple, he departed, and he went and hanged himself.
  43. Cross References
    Matthew 26:14 - 16
    Then one of the twelve, whose name was Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests
  44. Cross References
    Acts 21:40
    And when he had given him permission, Paul, standing on the steps, motioned with his hand to the people. And when there was a great hush, he addressed them in the Hebrew language, saying:
  45. Cross References
    Psalms 69:25
    May their camp be a desolation; let no one dwell in their tents.
  46. Cross References
    Psalms 109:8
    May his days be few; may another take his office!
  47. Cross References
    Psalms 69:25
    May their camp be a desolation; let no one dwell in their tents.
  48. Cross References
    Psalms 109:8
    May his days be few; may another take his office!
  49. Cross References
    John 15:27
    And you also will bear witness, because you have been with me from the beginning.
  50. Cross References
    Numbers 27:17
    Who shall go out before them and come in before them, who shall lead them out and bring them in, that the congregation of the Lord may not be as sheep that have no shepherd.
    Deuteronomy 31:2
    And he said to them, "I am 120 years old today. I am no longer able to go out and come in. The Lord has said to me, 'You shall not go over this Jordan.
    1 Samuel 18:13
    So Saul removed him from his presence and made him a commander of a thousand. And he went out and came in before the people.
  51. Cross References
    Acts 13:24
    Before his coming, John had proclaimed a baptism of repentance to all the people of Israel.
    Mark 1:1 - 4
    The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God.
  52. Cross References
    Acts 1:2
    Until the day when he was taken up, after he had given commands through the Holy Spirit to the apostles whom he had chosen.
    Acts 1:9
    And when he had said these things, as they were looking on, he was lifted up, and a cloud took him out of their sight.
  53. Cross References
    Acts 4:33
    And with great power the apostles were giving their testimony to the resurrection of the Lord Jesus, and great grace was upon them all.
    Acts 1:8
    But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you, and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the end of the earth.
    1 Peter 1:3
    Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ! According to his great mercy, he has caused us to be born again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead.
    Luke 24:48
    You are witnesses of these things.
  54. Cross References
    Acts 15:22
    Then it seemed good to the apostles and the elders, with the whole church, to choose men from among them and send them to Antioch with Paul and Barnabas. They sent Judas called Barsabbas, and Silas, leading men among the brothers.
  55. Cross References
    Acts 18:7
    And he left there and went to the house of a man named Titius Justus, a worshiper of God. His house was next door to the synagogue.
    Colossians 4:11
    And Jesus who is called Justus. These are the only men of the circumcision among my fellow workers for the kingdom of God, and they have been a comfort to me.
  56. Cross References
    Acts 1:26
    And they cast lots for them, and the lot fell on Matthias, and he was numbered with the eleven apostles.
  57. Cross References
    Acts 6:6
    These they set before the apostles, and they prayed and laid their hands on them.
    Acts 13:3
    Then after fasting and praying they laid their hands on them and sent them off.
  58. Cross References
    1 Samuel 16:7
    But the Lord said to Samuel, "Do not look on his appearance or on the height of his stature, because I have rejected him. For the Lord sees not as man sees: man looks on the outward appearance, but the Lord looks on the heart.
    Romans 8:27
    And he who searches hearts knows what is the mind of the Spirit, because the Spirit intercedes for the saints according to the will of God.
  59. Cross References
    Acts 1:17
    For he was numbered among us and was allotted his share in this ministry.
  60. Cross References
    Romans 1:5
    Through whom we have received grace and apostleship to bring about the obedience of faith for the sake of his name among all the nations.
    1 Corinthians 9:2
    If to others I am not an apostle, at least I am to you, for you are the seal of my apostleship in the Lord.
    Galatians 2:8
    (for he who worked through Peter for his apostolic ministry to the circumcised worked also through me for mine to the Gentiles).
English Standard Version (ESV) The Holy Bible, English Standard Version Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a division of Good News Publishers.

Notes

Sours: https://ebible.com/esv/acts/1
  1. Duo names for friends
  2. Dd wrt wifi
  3. Amd 3700 xt
  4. Cheap farms for sale

The Resurrection

20 eNowonthefirstdayoftheweekMaryMagdalenecametothetombearly,whileitwasstilldark,andsawthatfthestonehadbeentakenawayfromthetomb.SosheranandwenttoSimonPeterandtheotherdisciple,gtheonewhomJesusloved,andsaidtothem,TheyhavetakentheLordoutofthetomb,andhwedonotknowwheretheyhavelaidhim.iSoPeterwentoutwiththeotherdisciple,andtheyweregoingtowardthetomb.Bothofthemwererunningtogether,buttheotherdiscipleoutranPeterandreachedthetombfirst.Andstoopingtolookin,hesawjthelinenclothslyingthere,buthedidnotgoin.ThenSimonPetercame,followinghim,andwentintothetomb.Hesawthelinenclothslyingthere,andkthefacecloth,whichhadbeenonJesus’head,notlyingwiththelinenclothsbutfoldedupinaplacebyitself.Thentheotherdisciple,lwhohadreachedthetombfirst,alsowentin,andhesawandbelieved;forasyetmtheydidnotunderstandtheScripture,nthathemustrisefromthedead.10 Thenthediscipleswentbacktotheirhomes.

Jesus Appears to Mary Magdalene

11 ButMarystoodweepingoutsidethetomb,andassheweptshestoopedtolookintothetomb.12 Andoshesawptwoangelsinwhite,sittingwherethebodyofJesushadlain,oneattheheadandoneatthefeet.13 Theysaidtoher,qWoman,whyareyouweeping?Shesaidtothem,rTheyhavetakenawaymyLord,andIdonotknowwheretheyhavelaidhim.14 Havingsaidthis,sheturnedaroundandssawJesusstanding,tbutshedidnotknowthatitwasJesus.15 Jesussaidtoher,uWoman,whyareyouweeping?vWhomareyouseeking?Supposinghimtobewthegardener,shesaidtohim,Sir,ifyouhavecarriedhimaway,tellmewhereyouhavelaidhim,andIwilltakehimaway.16 Jesussaidtoher,Mary.SheturnedandsaidtohiminAramaic,xRabboni!(whichmeansTeacher).17 Jesussaidtoher,Donotclingtome,forIhavenotyetascendedtotheFather;butgotoymybrothersandsaytothem,zIamascendingtomyFatherandyourFather,toamyGodandyourGod.18 MaryMagdalenebwentandannouncedtothedisciples,IhaveseentheLordandthathehadsaidthesethingstoher.

Jesus Appears to the Disciples

19 cOntheeveningdofthatday,thefirstdayoftheweek,ethedoorsbeinglockedwherethediscipleswerefforfearoftheJews,Jesuscameandstoodamongthemandsaidtothem,gPeacebewithyou.20 Whenhehadsaidthis,hheshowedthemhishandsandhisside.ThenithedisciplesweregladwhentheysawtheLord.21 Jesussaidtothemagain,Peacebewithyou.AsjtheFatherhassentme,kevensoIamsendingyou.22 Andwhenhehadsaidthis,helbreathedonthemandsaidtothem,mReceivetheHolySpirit.23 nIfyouforgivethesinsofany,theyareforgiventhem;ifyouwithholdforgivenessfromany,itiswithheld.

Jesus and Thomas

24 NowoThomas,oneofthetwelve,calledtheTwin,wasnotwiththemwhenJesuscame.25 Sotheotherdisciplestoldhim,WehaveseentheLord.Buthesaidtothem,pUnlessIseeinhishandsthemarkofthenails,andplacemyfingerintothemarkofthenails,andplacemyhandintohisside,Iwillneverbelieve.

26 Eightdayslater,hisdiscipleswereinsideagain,andThomaswaswiththem.qAlthoughthedoorswerelocked,Jesuscameandstoodamongthemandsaid,qPeacebewithyou.27 ThenhesaidtoThomas,rPutyourfingerhere,andseemyhands;andputoutyourhand,andplaceitinmyside.Donotdisbelieve,butbelieve.28 Thomasansweredhim,sMyLordandmyGod!29 Jesussaidtohim,Haveyoubelievedbecauseyouhaveseenme?tBlessedarethosewhohavenotseenandyethavebelieved.

The Purpose of This Book

30 uNowJesusdidmanyothersignsvinthepresenceofthedisciples,whicharenotwritteninthisbook;31 wbutthesearewrittensothatyoumayxbelievethatJesusistheChrist,ytheSonofGod,andthatbybelievingzyoumayhavelifeainhisname.

Jesus Appears to Seven Disciples

21 AfterthisJesusbrevealedhimselfcagaintothedisciplesbydtheSeaofTiberias,andherevealedhimselfinthisway.SimonPeter,eThomas(calledtheTwin),NathanaeloffCanainGalilee,gthesonsofZebedee,andtwoothersofhisdisciplesweretogether.SimonPetersaidtothem,Iamgoingfishing.Theysaidtohim,Wewillgowithyou.Theywentoutandgotintotheboat,buththatnighttheycaughtnothing.

Justasdaywasbreaking,Jesusstoodontheshore;yetthedisciplesididnotknowthatitwasJesus.jJesussaidtothem,Children,doyouhaveanyfish?Theyansweredhim,No.kHesaidtothem,Castthenetontherightsideoftheboat,andyouwillfindsome.Sotheycastit,andnowtheywerenotabletohaulitin,becauseofthequantityoffish.ThatdisciplelwhomJesuslovedthereforesaidtoPeter,ItistheLord!WhenSimonPeterheardthatitwastheLord,mheputonhisoutergarment,forhewasnstrippedforwork,andothrewhimselfintothesea.Theotherdisciplescameintheboat,draggingthenetfulloffish,fortheywerenotfarfromtheland,butaboutahundredyardsoff.

Whentheygotoutonland,theysawacharcoalfireinplace,withfishlaidoutonit,andbread.10 Jesussaidtothem,Bringsomeofthefishthatyouhavejustcaught.11 SoSimonPeterwentaboardandhauledthenetashore,fulloflargefish,153ofthem.Andalthoughthereweresomany,thenetwasnottorn.12 Jesussaidtothem,pComeandqhavebreakfast.Nowrnoneofthedisciplesdaredaskhim,Whoareyou?TheyknewitwastheLord.13 Jesuscameandstookthebreadandgaveittothem,andsowiththefish.14 tThiswasnowthethirdtimethatJesuswasrevealedtothedisciplesafterhewasraisedfromthedead.

Jesus and Peter

15 Whentheyhadufinishedbreakfast,JesussaidtoSimonPeter,vSimon,wsonofJohn,xdoyoulovememorethanthese?Hesaidtohim,Yes,Lord;youknowthatIloveyou.Hesaidtohim,Feedymylambs.16 Hesaidtohimasecondtime,Simon,sonofJohn,doyouloveme?Hesaidtohim,Yes,Lord;youknowthatIloveyou.Hesaidtohim,zTendymysheep.17 Hesaidtohimthethirdtime,Simon,sonofJohn,doyouloveme?Peterwasgrievedbecausehesaidtohimathethirdtime,Doyouloveme?andhesaidtohim,Lord,byouknoweverything;youknowthatIloveyou.Jesussaidtohim,Feedcmysheep.18 dTruly,truly,Isaytoyou,whenyouwereyoung,eyouusedtodressyourselfandwalkwhereveryouwanted,butwhenyouareold,youwillstretchoutyourhands,andanotherwilldressyouandcarryyouwhereyoudonotwanttogo.19 (ThishesaidtoshowfbywhatkindofdeathhewastoglorifyGod.)Andaftersayingthishesaidtohim,gFollowme.

Jesus and the Beloved Apostle

20 PeterturnedandsawhthedisciplewhomJesuslovedfollowingthem,itheonewhoalsohadleanedbackagainsthimduringthesupperandhadsaid,Lord,whoisitthatisgoingtobetrayyou?21 WhenPetersawhim,hesaidtoJesus,Lord,whataboutthisman?22 Jesussaidtohim,IfitismywillthatheremainjuntilkIcome,whatisthattoyou?lYoufollowme!23 Sothesayingspreadabroadamongmthebrothersthatthisdisciplewasnottodie;yetJesusdidnotsaytohimthathewasnottodie,but,IfitismywillthatheremainuntilIcome,whatisthattoyou?

24 Thisisthedisciplenwhoisbearingwitnessaboutthesethings,andwhohaswrittenthesethings,andoweknowpthathistestimonyistrue.

25 NowqtherearealsomanyotherthingsthatJesusdid.Wereeveryoneofthemtobewritten,Isupposethatrtheworlditselfcouldnotcontainthebooksthatwouldbewritten.

Acts Illustration

Acts

The Promise of the Holy Spirit

Inthefirstbook,OaTheophilus,IhavedealtwithallthatJesusbeganbtodoandteach,untilthedaywhenchewastakenup,afterhedhadgivencommandsethroughtheHolySpirittotheapostleswhomhehadchosen.fHepresentedhimselfalivetothemafterhissufferingbymanyproofs,appearingtothemduringfortydaysandspeakingaboutthekingdomofGod.

AndwhilestayingwiththemgheorderedthemnottodepartfromJerusalem,buttowaitforthepromiseoftheFather,which,hesaid,youheardfromme;forhJohnbaptizedwithwater,hbutyouwillbebaptizediwiththeHolySpiritnotmanydaysfromnow.

The Ascension

Sowhentheyhadcometogether,theyaskedhim,Lord,jwillyouatthistimekrestorethekingdomtoIsrael?Hesaidtothem,lItisnotforyoutoknowmtimesorseasonsthattheFatherhasfixedbyhisownauthority.ButyouwillreceivenpowerowhentheHolySpirithascomeuponyou,andpyouwillbeqmywitnessesinJerusalemandinallJudeaandrSamaria,andstotheendoftheearth.Andwhenhehadsaidthesethings,astheywerelookingon,thewasliftedup,anduacloudtookhimoutoftheirsight.10 Andwhiletheyweregazingintoheavenashewent,behold,vtwowmenstoodbytheminxwhiterobes,11 andsaid,yMenofGalilee,whydoyoustandlookingintoheaven?ThisJesus,whowastakenupfromyouintoheaven,zwillacomeinthesamewayasyousawhimgointoheaven.

Matthias Chosen to Replace Judas

12 ThenbtheyreturnedtoJerusalemfromthemountcalledOlivet,whichisnearJerusalem,aSabbathday’sjourneyaway.13 Andwhentheyhadentered,theywentuptoctheupperroom,wheretheywerestaying,dPeterandJohnandJamesandAndrew,PhilipandThomas,BartholomewandMatthew,JamesthesonofAlphaeusandSimonetheZealotandJudasthesonofJames.14 Allthesefwithoneaccordgweredevotingthemselvestoprayer,togetherwithhthewomenandMarythemotherofJesus,andihisbrothers.

15 InthosedaysPeterstoodupamongjthebrothers(thecompanyofpersonswasinallabout120)andsaid,16 Brothers,ktheScripturehadtobefulfilled,whichtheHolySpiritspokebeforehandbythemouthofDavidconcerningJudas,lwhobecameaguidetothosewhoarrestedJesus.17 Formhewasnumberedamongusandwasallottedhisshareinnthisministry.18 (Nowthismanoacquiredafieldwithptherewardofhiswickedness,andfallingheadlongheburstopeninthemiddleandallhisbowelsgushedout.19 AnditbecameknowntoalltheinhabitantsofJerusalem,sothatthefieldwascalledqintheirownlanguageAkeldama,thatis,FieldofBlood.)20 ForitiswrittenintheBookofPsalms,

rMayhiscampbecomedesolate,

andlettherebenoonetodwellinit;

and

sLetanothertakehisoffice.

21 SooneofthemenwhohaveaccompaniedusduringtallthetimethattheLordJesusuwentinandoutamongus,22 vbeginningfromthebaptismofJohnuntilthedaywhenwhewastakenupfromusoneofthesemenmustbecomewithusxawitnesstohisresurrection.23 Andtheyputforwardtwo,JosephcalledyBarsabbas,whowasalsocalledzJustus,andaMatthias.24 Andbtheyprayedandsaid,You,Lord,cwhoknowtheheartsofall,showwhichoneofthesetwoyouhavechosen25 totaketheplaceindthisministryandeapostleshipfromwhichJudasturnedasidetogotohisownplace.26 Andtheycastlotsforthem,andthelotfellonMatthias,andhewasnumberedwiththeelevenapostles.

The Coming of the Holy Spirit

WhenfthedayofPentecostarrived,theywerealltogetherinoneplace.Andsuddenlytherecamefromheavenasoundlikegamightyrushingwind,andhitfilledtheentirehousewheretheyweresitting.Anddividedtonguesiasoffireappearedtothemandrestedoneachoneofthem.AndtheywerealljfilledwiththeHolySpiritandbeganktospeakinothertongueslastheSpiritgavethemutterance.

NowthereweredwellinginJerusalemJews,devoutmenfromeverynationunderheaven.Andmatthissoundthemultitudecametogether,andtheywerebewildered,becauseeachonewashearingthemspeakinhisownlanguage.Andntheywereamazedandastonished,saying,ArenotallthesewhoarespeakingoGalileans?Andhowisitthatwehear,eachofusinhisownnativelanguage?ParthiansandpMedesandqElamitesandresidentsofMesopotamia,JudeaandCappadocia,PontusandAsia,10 PhrygiaandPamphylia,EgyptandthepartsofLibyabelongingtoCyrene,andvisitorsfromRome,11 bothJewsandrproselytes,CretansandArabianswehearthemtellinginourowntonguesthemightyworksofGod.12 Andsallwereamazedandperplexed,sayingtooneanother,Whatdoesthismean?13 Butotherstmockingsaid,Theyarefilledwithnewwine.

Peter’s Sermon at Pentecost

14 ButPeter,standingwiththeeleven,lifteduphisvoiceandaddressedthem:MenofJudeaandallwhodwellinJerusalem,letthisbeknowntoyou,andgiveeartomywords.15 Forthesepeoplearenotdrunk,asyousuppose,usinceitisonlythethirdhouroftheday.16 ButthisiswhatwasutteredthroughtheprophetJoel:

17 vAndinthelastdaysitshallbe,Goddeclares,

wthatIwillpouroutmySpiritxonallflesh,

andyoursonsandyyourdaughtersshallprophesy,

andyouryoungmenshallseevisions,

andyouroldmenshalldreamdreams;

18 evenonmymaleservantsandfemaleservants

inthosedaysIwillpouroutmySpirit,andztheyshallprophesy.

19 AndIwillshowwondersintheheavensabove

andsignsontheearthbelow,

blood,andfire,andvaporofsmoke;

20 athesunshallbeturnedtodarkness

andthemoontoblood,

beforebthedayoftheLordcomes,thegreatandmagnificentday.

21 AnditshallcometopassthatceveryonewhocallsuponthenameoftheLordshallbesaved.

22 MenofIsrael,hearthesewords:JesusofNazareth,damanattestedtoyoubyGodewithfmightyworksandwondersandsignsthatgGoddidthroughhiminyourmidst,asyouyourselvesknow23 thisJesus,hdeliveredupaccordingtoithedefiniteplanandjforeknowledgeofGod,kyoucrucifiedandkilledbythehandsoflawlessmen.24 lGodraisedhimup,loosingthepangsofdeath,becausemitwasnotpossibleforhimtobeheldbyit.25 ForDavidsaysconcerninghim,

nIsawtheLordalwaysbeforeme,

forheisatmyrighthandthatImaynotbeshaken;

26 thereforemyheartwasglad,andmytonguerejoiced;

myfleshalsowilldwelloinhope.

27 ForyouwillnotabandonmysoultopHades,

qorletyourrHolyOnesseecorruption.

28 Youhavemadeknowntomethepathsoflife;

youwillmakemefullofgladnesswithyourpresence.

29 Brothers,ImaysaytoyouwithconfidenceabouttthepatriarchDaviduthathebothdiedandvwasburied,andwhistombiswithustothisday.30 xBeingthereforeaprophet,andknowingthatyGodhadswornwithanoathtohimthathewouldsetoneofhisdescendantsonhisthrone,31 heforesawandspokeabouttheresurrectionoftheChrist,thatzhewasnotabandonedtoHades,nordidhisfleshseecorruption.32 ThisJesusaGodraisedup,bandofthatweallarewitnesses.33 cBeingthereforedexaltedattherighthandofGod,andhavingreceivedfrometheFatherfthepromiseoftheHolySpirit,ghehaspouredoutthisthatyouyourselvesareseeingandhearing.34 ForhDaviddidnotascendintotheheavens,buthehimselfsays,

iTheLordsaidtomyLord,

Sitatmyrighthand,

35 untilImakeyourenemiesyourfootstool.

36 LetallthehouseofIsraelthereforeknowforcertainthatjGodhasmadehimkbothLordandChrist,thisJesuslwhomyoucrucified.

37 Nowwhenmtheyheardthistheywerecuttotheheart,andsaidtoPeterandtherestoftheapostles,Brothers,nwhatshallwedo?38 AndPetersaidtothem,oRepentandpbebaptizedeveryoneofyouqinthenameofJesusChristrfortheforgivenessofyoursins,andyouwillreceivesthegiftoftheHolySpirit.39 Fortthepromiseisforyouanduforyourchildrenandforallvwhoarefaroff,everyonewwhomtheLordourGodcallstohimself.40 Andwithmanyotherwordsheborewitnessandcontinuedtoexhortthem,saying,xSaveyourselvesfromthisycrookedgeneration.41 Sothosewhoreceivedhiswordwerebaptized,andztherewereaddedthatdayaboutthreethousandsouls.

The Fellowship of the Believers

42 Andatheydevotedthemselvestotheapostles’bteachingandthecfellowship,todthebreakingofbreadandtheprayers.43 Andawecameuponeverysoul,andemanywondersandsignswerebeingdonethroughtheapostles.44 Andallwhobelievedweretogetherandfhadallthingsincommon.45 Andftheyweresellingtheirpossessionsandbelongingsanddistributingtheproceedstoall,asanyhadneed.46 Anddaybyday,gattendingthetemplehtogetherandibreakingbreadintheirhomes,theyreceivedtheirfoodjwithgladandgeneroushearts,47 praisingGodandkhavingfavorwithallthepeople.AndtheLordladdedtotheirnumbermdaybydaythosewhonwerebeingsaved.

The Lame Beggar Healed

NowPeterandJohnwereogoinguptothetempleatpthehourofprayer,qtheninthhour.Andamanrlamefrombirthwasbeingcarried,swhomtheylaiddailyatthegateofthetemplethatiscalledtheBeautifulGatettoaskalmsofthoseenteringthetemple.SeeingPeterandJohnabouttogointothetemple,heaskedtoreceivealms.AndPeterdirectedhisgazeathim,asdidJohn,andsaid,Lookatus.Andhefixedhisattentiononthem,expectingtoreceivesomethingfromthem.ButPetersaid,uIhavenosilverandgold,butwhatIdohaveIgivetoyou.vInthenameofJesusChristofNazareth,riseupandwalk!Andhetookhimbytherighthandandraisedhimup,andimmediatelyhisfeetandanklesweremadestrong.Andwleapingup,hestoodandbegantowalk,andenteredthetemplewiththem,walkingandleapingandpraisingGod.AndxallthepeoplesawhimwalkingandpraisingGod,10 andrecognizedhimastheonewhosatattheBeautifulGateofthetemple,askingforalms.Andtheywerefilledwithwonderandamazementatwhathadhappenedtohim.

Peter Speaks in Solomon’s Portico

11 yWhileheclungtoPeterandJohn,allthepeople,utterlyastounded,rantogethertotheminztheporticocalledSolomon’s.12 AndwhenPetersawitheaddressedthepeople:MenofIsrael,whydoyouwonderatthis,orwhydoyoustareatus,asthoughbyourownpowerorpietywehavemadehimwalk?13 aTheGodofAbraham,theGodofIsaac,andtheGodofJacob,btheGodofourfathers,cglorifiedhisservantJesus,whomdyoudeliveredoverandedeniedinthepresenceofPilate,fwhenhehaddecidedtoreleasehim.14 ButyoudeniedgtheHolyandhRighteousOne,andiaskedforamurderertobegrantedtoyou,15 andyoukilledjtheAuthoroflife,kwhomGodraisedfromthedead.Tothiswearewitnesses.16 Andlhisnamebymfaithinhisnamehasmadethismanstrongwhomyouseeandknow,andthefaiththatisnthroughJesushasgiventhemanthisperfecthealthinthepresenceofyouall.

17 Andnow,brothers,Iknowthatoyouactedinignorance,asdidalsoyourrulers.18 ButwhatGodpforetoldqbythemouthofalltheprophets,thatrhisChristwouldssuffer,hethusfulfilled.19 tRepenttherefore,anduturnback,thatvyoursinsmaybeblottedout,20 thattimesofrefreshingmaycomefromthepresenceoftheLord,andthathemaysendtheChristwappointedforyou,Jesus,21 xwhomheavenmustreceiveuntilthetimeforyrestoringallthethingsaboutwhichzGodspokebythemouthofhisholyprophetslongago.22 Mosessaid,TheLordGodwillraiseupforyouaaprophetlikemefromyourbrothers.Youshalllistenbtohiminwhateverhetellsyou.23 Anditshallbethateverysoulwhodoesnotlistentothatprophetcshallbedestroyedfromthepeople.24 Anddalltheprophetswhohavespoken,fromSamuelandthosewhocameafterhim,alsoproclaimedthesedays.25 eYouarethesonsoftheprophetsandoffthecovenantthatGodmadewithyourfathers,sayingtoAbraham,gAndinyouroffspringshallallthefamiliesoftheearthbeblessed.26 hGod,ihavingraiseduphisservant,senthimtoyoufirst,jtoblessyoukbyturningeveryoneofyoufromyourwickedness.

Sours: https://www.esv.org/acts+1/

Acts 1:1–2

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What does the Great Commission have to do with mobile devices? More than you might think.

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The Promise of the Holy Spirit

1 In the first book, O aTheophilus, I have dealt with all that Jesus began bto do and teach, 2 until the day when che was taken up, after he dhad given commands ethrough the Holy Spirit to the apostles whom he had chosen.

Read more Share



Acts 1:1–2 — The New International Version (NIV)

1 In my former book, Theophilus, I wrote about all that Jesus began to do and to teach 2 until the day he was taken up to heaven, after giving instructions through the Holy Spirit to the apostles he had chosen.

Acts 1:1–2 — King James Version (KJV 1900)

1 The former treatise have I made, O Theophilus, of all that Jesus began both to do and teach, 2 Until the day in which he was taken up, after that he through the Holy Ghost had given commandments unto the apostles whom he had chosen:

Acts 1:1–2 — New Living Translation (NLT)

1 In my first book I told you, Theophilus, about everything Jesus began to do and teach 2 until the day he was taken up to heaven after giving his chosen apostles further instructions through the Holy Spirit.

Acts 1:1–2 — The New King James Version (NKJV)

1 The former account I made, O Theophilus, of all that Jesus began both to do and teach, 2 until the day in which He was taken up, after He through the Holy Spirit had given commandments to the apostles whom He had chosen,

Acts 1:1–2 — New Century Version (NCV)

1 To Theophilus.

The first book I wrote was about everything Jesus began to do and teach 2 until the day he was taken up into heaven. Before this, with the help of the Holy Spirit, Jesus told the apostles he had chosen what they should do.

Acts 1:1–2 — American Standard Version (ASV 1901)

1 The former treatise I made, O Theophilus, concerning all that Jesus began both to do and to teach, 2 until the day in which he was received up, after that he had given commandment through the Holy Spirit unto the apostles whom he had chosen:

Acts 1:1–2 — 1890 Darby Bible (DARBY)

1 I composed the first discourse, O Theophilus, concerning all things which Jesus began both to do and to teach, 2 until that day in which, having by the Holy Spirit charged the apostles whom he had chosen, he was taken up;

Acts 1:1–2 — GOD’S WORD Translation (GW)

1 In my first book, Theophilus, I wrote about what Jesus began to do and teach. This included everything from the beginning ⌊of his life⌋2 until the day he was taken to heaven. Before he was taken to heaven, he gave instructions through the Holy Spirit to the apostles, whom he had chosen.

Acts 1:1–2 — The Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

1 I wrote the first narrative, Theophilus, about all that Jesus began to do and teach 2 until the day He was taken up, after He had given orders through the Holy Spirit to the apostles He had chosen.

Acts 1:1–2 — The New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)

1 In the first book, Theophilus, I wrote about all that Jesus did and taught from the beginning 2 until the day when he was taken up to heaven, after giving instructions through the Holy Spirit to the apostles whom he had chosen.

Acts 1:1–2 — The Lexham English Bible (LEB)

1 I produced the former account, O Theophilus, about all that Jesus began to do and to teach, 2 until the day he was taken up, after he had given orders through the Holy Spirit to the apostles whom he had chosen,

Acts 1:1–2 — New International Reader’s Version (NIrV)

1 Theophilus, I wrote about Jesus in my earlier book. I wrote about all he did and taught 2 until the day he was taken up to heaven. Before Jesus left, he gave orders to the apostles he had chosen. He did this through the Holy Spirit.

Acts 1:1–2 — New American Standard Bible: 1995 Update (NASB95)

1 The firstaccount I composed, Theophilus, aboutall that Jesusbegan to do and teach,

2 until the day when He was taken up to heaven, after He had by the HolySpiritgivenorders to the apostleswhom He had chosen.


A service of Faithlife / Logos Bible Software

Sours: https://biblia.com/bible/esv/Acts%201.1-2

1 esv acts

Acts 1:1

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What does the Great Commission have to do with mobile devices? More than you might think.

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The Promise of the Holy Spirit

1 In the first book, O aTheophilus, I have dealt with all that Jesus began bto do and teach,

Read more Share



Acts 1:1 — The New International Version (NIV)

1 In my former book, Theophilus, I wrote about all that Jesus began to do and to teach

Acts 1:1 — King James Version (KJV 1900)

1 The former treatise have I made, O Theophilus, of all that Jesus began both to do and teach,

Acts 1:1 — New Living Translation (NLT)

1 In my first book I told you, Theophilus, about everything Jesus began to do and teach

Acts 1:1 — The New King James Version (NKJV)

1 The former account I made, O Theophilus, of all that Jesus began both to do and teach,

Acts 1:1 — New Century Version (NCV)

1 To Theophilus.

The first book I wrote was about everything Jesus began to do and teach

Acts 1:1 — American Standard Version (ASV 1901)

1 The former treatise I made, O Theophilus, concerning all that Jesus began both to do and to teach,

Acts 1:1 — 1890 Darby Bible (DARBY)

1 I composed the first discourse, O Theophilus, concerning all things which Jesus began both to do and to teach,

Acts 1:1 — GOD’S WORD Translation (GW)

1 In my first book, Theophilus, I wrote about what Jesus began to do and teach. This included everything from the beginning ⌊of his life⌋

Acts 1:1 — The Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

1 I wrote the first narrative, Theophilus, about all that Jesus began to do and teach

Acts 1:1 — The New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)

1 In the first book, Theophilus, I wrote about all that Jesus did and taught from the beginning

Acts 1:1 — The Lexham English Bible (LEB)

1 I produced the former account, O Theophilus, about all that Jesus began to do and to teach,

Acts 1:1 — New International Reader’s Version (NIrV)

1 Theophilus, I wrote about Jesus in my earlier book. I wrote about all he did and taught

Acts 1:1 — New American Standard Bible: 1995 Update (NASB95)

1 The firstaccount I composed, Theophilus, aboutall that Jesusbegan to do and teach,


A service of Faithlife / Logos Bible Software

Sours: https://biblia.com/bible/esv/acts/1/1
Bible Book 44. Acts Complete 1-28, English Standard Version (ESV) Read Along Bible

Book of Acts

Summary of the Book of Acts

This summary of the book of Acts provides information about the title, author(s), date of writing, chronology, theme, theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the Book of Acts.

Author

Although the author does not name himself, evidence outside the Scriptures and inferences from the book itself lead to the conclusion that the author was Luke.

The earliest of the external testimonies appears in the Muratorian Canon (c. a.d. 170), where the explicit statement is made that Luke was the author of both the third Gospel and the "Acts of All the Apostles." Eusebius (c. 325) lists information from numerous sources to identify the author of these books as Luke (Ecclesiastical History, 3.4).

Within the writing itself are some clues as to who the author was:

    1. Luke, the companion of Paul. In the description of the happenings in Acts, certain passages make use of the pronoun "we." At these points the author includes himself as a companion of Paul in his travels (16:10-17; 20:5 -- 21:18; 27:1 -- 28:16; see notes on 16:10,17; 27:1). A historian as careful with details as this author proves to be would have good reason for choosing to use "we" in some places and "they" elsewhere. The author was therefore probably present with Paul at the particular events described in the "we" sections.

      These "we" passages include the period of Paul's two-year imprisonment at Rome (ch. 28). During this time Paul wrote, among other letters, Philemon and Colossians. In them he sends greetings from his companions, and Luke is included among them (see Col 4:9-17 and notes; Phm 23-24). In fact, after eliminating those who, for one reason or another, would not fit the requirements for the author of Acts, Luke is left as the most likely candidate.

    2. Luke, the physician. Although it cannot be proved that the author of Acts was a physician simply from his vocabulary, the words he uses and the traits and education reflected in his writings fit well his role as a physician (see, e.g., note on 28:6). It is true that the doctor of the first century did not have as specialized a vocabulary as that of doctors today, but there are some usages in Luke-Acts that seem to suggest that a medical man was the author of these books. And it should be remembered that Paul uses the term "doctor" in describing Luke (see Col 4:14 and note).

Date

Two dates are possible for the writing of this book: (1) c. a.d. 63, soon after the last event recorded in the book, and (2) c. 70 or even later.

The earlier date is supported by:

    1. Silence about later events. While arguments from silence are not conclusive, it is perhaps significant that the book contains no allusion to events that happened after the close of Paul's two-year imprisonment in Rome: e.g., the burning of Rome and the persecution of the Christians there (a.d. 64), the martyrdom of Peter and Paul (possibly 67) and the destruction of Jerusalem (70).
    2. No outcome of Paul's trial. If Luke knew the outcome of the trial Paul was waiting for (see 28:30 and note), why did he not record it at the close of Acts? Perhaps it was because he had brought the history up to date.

Those who prefer the later date hold that 1:8 (see note there) reveals one of the purposes Luke had in writing his history, and that this purpose influenced the way the book ended. Luke wanted to show how the church penetrated the world of his day in ever-widening circles (Jerusalem, Judea, Samaria, the ends of the earth) until it reached Rome, the world's political and cultural center. On this understanding, mention of the martyrdom of Paul (c. a.d. 67) and of the destruction of Jerusalem (70) was not pertinent. This would allow for the writing of Acts c. 70 or even later.

Recipient

The recipient of the book, Theophilus, is the same person addressed in the first volume, the Gospel of Luke (see Introduction to Luke: Recipient and Purpose).

Importance

The book of Acts provides a bridge for the writings of the NT. As a second volume to Luke's Gospel, it joins what Jesus "began to do and to teach" (1:1; see note there) as told in the Gospels with what he continued to do and teach through the apostles' preaching and the establishment of the church. Besides linking the Gospel narratives on the one hand and the apostolic letters on the other, it supplies an account of the life of Paul from which we can learn the setting for his letters. Geographically its story spans the lands between Jerusalem, where the church began, and Rome, the political center of the empire. Historically it recounts the first 30 years of the church. It is also a bridge that ties the church in its beginning with each succeeding age. This book may be studied to gain an understanding of the principles that ought to govern the church of any age.

Theme and Purpose

The theme of the work is best summarized in 1:8 (see note there). It was ordinary procedure for a historian at this time to begin a second volume by summarizing the first volume and indicating the contents anticipated in his second volume. Luke summarized his first volume in 1:1-3; the theme of his second volume is presented in the words of Jesus: "You will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth" (1:8). This is, in effect, an outline of the book of Acts (see Plan and Outline below).

The main purposes of the book appear to be:

      1. To present a history. The significance of Acts as a historical account of Christian origins cannot be overestimated. It tells of the founding of the church, the spread of the gospel, the beginnings of congregations, and evangelistic efforts in the apostolic pattern. One of the unique aspects of Christianity is its firm historical foundation. The life and teachings of Jesus Christ are established in the four Gospel narratives, and the book of Acts provides a coordinated account of the beginning and spread of the church as the result of the work of the risen Lord and the Holy Spirit through the apostles.
      2. To give a defense. One finds embedded in Acts a record of Christian defenses made to both Jews (e.g., 4:8-12) and Gentiles (e.g., 25:8-11), with the underlying purpose of conversion. It shows how the early church coped with pagan and Jewish thought, the Roman government and Hellenistic society.
        Luke may have written this work as Paul awaited trial in Rome. If his case came to court, what better court brief could Paul have had than a life of Jesus, a history of the beginnings of the church (including the activity of Paul) and an early collection of Paul's letters?
      3. To provide a guide. Luke had no way of knowing how long the church would continue on this earth, but as long as it pursues its course, the book of Acts will be one of its major guides. In Acts we see basic principles being applied to specific situations in the context of problems and persecutions. These same principles continue to be applicable until Christ returns.
      4. To depict the triumph of Christianity in the face of bitter persecution. The success of the church in carrying the gospel from Jerusalem to Rome and in planting local churches across the Roman empire demonstrated that Christianity was not a merely human work. It triumphed under the rule of the exalted Christ and through the power of the Holy Spirit.

Characteristics

    1. Accurate historical detail. Every page of Acts abounds with sharp, precise details, to the delight of the historian. The account covers a period of about 30 years and reaches across the lands from Jerusalem to Rome. Luke's description of these times and places is filled with all kinds of people and cultures, a variety of governmental administrations, court scenes in Caesarea, and dramatic events involving such centers as Antioch, Ephesus, Athens, Corinth and Rome. Barbarian country districts and Jewish centers are included as well. Yet in each instance archaeological findings reveal that Luke uses the proper terms for the time and place being described. Hostile criticism has not succeeded in disproving the detailed accuracy of Luke's political and geographical designations.
    2. Literary excellence. Not only does Luke have a large vocabulary compared with other NT writers, but he also uses these words in literary styles that fit the cultural settings of the events he is recording. At times he employs good, classical Greek; at other times the Palestinian Aramaic of the first century shows through his expressions. This is an indication of Luke's careful practice of using language appropriate to the time and place being described. Aramaisms are used when Luke is describing happenings that took place in the Holy Land (chs. 1 - 12). When, however, Paul departs for Hellenistic lands beyond the territories where Aramaic-speaking people live, Aramaisms cease.
    3. Dramatic description. Luke's skillful use of speeches contributes to the drama of his narrative. Not only are they carefully spaced and well balanced between Peter and Paul, but the speeches of a number of other individuals add variety and vividness to the account (see 5 below). Luke's use of details brings the action to life. Nowhere in ancient literature is there an account of a shipwreck superior to Luke's with its nautical details (ch. 27). The book is vivid and fast-moving throughout.
    4. Objective account. Luke's careful arrangement of material need not detract from the accuracy of his record. He demonstrates the objectivity of his account by recording the failures as well as the successes, the bad as well as the good, in the early church. Not only is the discontent between the Grecian Jews and the Hebraic Jews recorded (see 6:1 and note) but also the discord between Paul and Barnabas (see 15:39 and note). Divisions and differences are recognized (15:2; 21:20-21).
    5. Effective use of speeches. One of the distinguishing features of the book of Acts is its speeches. They may be classified as follows: (1) evangelistic -- two types: to Jews and God-fearers (2:14-40; 3:12-26; 4:8-12; 5:29-32; 10:34-43; 13:16-41), to pagans (17:22-31); (2) deliberative (1:16-17,20-22; 15:7-11,13-21); (3) apologetic (7:2-52; 22:1-21; 23:1-6; 24:10-21; 25:8,10; 26:2-23; 28:17-20,21-22,25-28); (4) hortatory (20:18-35).

The speeches are obvioiusly not verbatim reports; any of them can be read in a few minutes. We know, e.g., that Paul at times could be a long-winded preacher (see 20:7,9; 28:23). However, studies of these speeches (speakers, audiences, circumstances, language and style of writing) give us reason to belive that they are accurate summaries of what was actually said.

Plan and Outline

Luke weaves together different interests and emphases as he relates the beginnings and expansion of the church. The design of his book revolves around (1) key persons: Peter and Paul; (2) important topics and events: the role of the Holy Spirit, pioneer missionary outreach to new fields, conversions, the growth of the church, and life in the Christian community; (3) significant problems: conflict between Jews and Gentiles, persecution of the church by some Jewish elements, trials before Jews and Romans, confrontations with Gentiles, and other hardships in the ministry; (4) geographical advances: five significant stages (see the quotations in the outline; see also map, p. 2268; cf. note on 1:8).

  • Peter and the Beginnings of the Church in the Holy Land (chs. 1-12)
    • "Throughout Judea, Galilee and Samaria" (1:1 -- 9:31; see 9:31 and note)
      • Introduction (1:1-2)
      • Christ's resurrection ministry (1:3-11)
      • The period of waiting for the Holy Spirit (1:12-26)
      • The filling with the Spirit (ch. 2)
      • The healing of the lame man and the resultant arrest of Peter and John (3:1;4:31)
      • The community of goods (4:32;5:11)
      • The arrest of the 12 apostles (5:12-42)
      • The choice of the Seven (6:1-7)
      • Stephen's arrest and martyrdom (6:8;7:60)
      • The scattering of the Jerusalem believers (8:1-4)
      • Philip's ministry (8:5-40)
      • Saul's conversion (9:1-31)
    • "As far as Phoenicia, Cyprus and Antioch" (9:32;12:25;11:19;)
      • Peter's ministry on the Mediterranean coast (9:32;11:18)
      • The new Gentile church in Antioch (11:19-30)
      • Herod's persecution of the church and his subsequent death (ch. 12)
  • Paul and the Expansion of the Church from Antioch to Rome (chs. 13-28)

From the NIV Study Bible, Introductions to the Books of the Bible, Acts
Copyright 2002 © Zondervan. All rights reserved. Used with permission.

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Now discussing:

Acts 1 English Standard Version

The Promise of the Holy Spirit

11 In the first book, O Theophilus, I have dealt with all that Jesus began to do and teach, 2 until the day when he was taken up, after he had given commands through the Holy Spirit to the apostles whom he had chosen. 3 He presented himself alive to them after his suffering by many proofs, appearing to them during forty days and speaking about the kingdom of God. 4 And while staying with them he ordered them not to depart from Jerusalem, but to wait for the promise of the Father, which, he said, "you heard from me;5 for John baptized with water, but you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit not many days from now."

The Ascension

6 So when they had come together, they asked him, "Lord, will you at this time restore the kingdom to Israel?" 7 He said to them, "It is not for you to know times or seasons that the Father has fixed by his own authority.8 But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you, and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the end of the earth."9 And when he had said these things, as they were looking on, he was lifted up, and a cloud took him out of their sight. 10 And while they were gazing into heaven as he went, behold, two men stood by them in white robes, 11 and said, "Men of Galilee, why do you stand looking into heaven? This Jesus, who was taken up from you into heaven, will come in the same way as you saw him go into heaven."

Judas' Successor Chosen

12 Then they returned to Jerusalem from the mount called Olivet, which is near Jerusalem, a Sabbath day's journey away. 13 And when they had entered, they went up to the upper room, where they were staying, Peter and John and James and Andrew, Philip and Thomas, Bartholomew and Matthew, James the son of Alphaeus and Simon the Zealot and Judas the son of James. 14 All these with one accord were devoting themselves to prayer, together with the women and Mary the mother of Jesus, and his brothers.

15 In those days Peter stood up among the brothers (the company of persons was in all about 120) and said, 16 "Brothers, the Scripture had to be fulfilled, which the Holy Spirit spoke beforehand by the mouth of David concerning Judas, who became a guide to those who arrested Jesus. 17 For he was numbered among us and was allotted his share in this ministry." 18 (Now this man acquired a field with the reward of his wickedness, and falling headlong he burst open in the middle and all his bowels gushed out. 19 And it became known to all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, so that the field was called in their own language Akeldama, that is, Field of Blood.) 20 "For it is written in the Book of Psalms, "'May his camp become desolate, and let there be no one to dwell in it';and "'Let another take his office.' 21 So one of the men who have accompanied us during all the time that the Lord Jesus went in and out among us, 22 beginning from the baptism of John until the day when he was taken up from us--one of these men must become with us a witness to his resurrection." 23 And they put forward two, Joseph called Barsabbas, who was also called Justus, and Matthias. 24 And they prayed and said, "You, Lord, who know the hearts of all, show which one of these two you have chosen 25 to take the place in this ministry and apostleship from which Judas turned aside to go to his own place." 26 And they cast lots for them, and the lot fell on Matthias, and he was numbered with the eleven apostles.

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