There are two species of Camels, the Dromedary (single hump) and the Bactrian (double hump). Bactrian camels are rugged cold-climate animals while Dromedaries are desert dwellers. Both are native to the dry desert areas of Asia and northern Africa. Dromedary/Bactrian hybrids (called Bukhts), are larger than either parent, have a single hump and are good draft camels and are found in Kazakhstan. Camels have a gestation period of 12 to 14 months, after which a single young is born. The young is suckled for over a year. The average life expectancy of a camel is 30 to 50 years.
Bactrian camels have two coats: the warm inner coat of down and a rough outer coat that is long and hairy. They shed their fiber in clumps consisting of both coats and they produce about 15 pounds (2 kg) of fiber annually. The down is usually 1 to 3 inches (2 to 8 cm) long and structure is similar to cashmere wool. The down is spun into yarn for knitting but it does not felt easily.
Humans first domesticated camels approximately 5, years ago. Their milk is a staple food of desert nomad tribes and is richer in fat and protein than cow's milk. Camel milk is said to have many healthful properties and is used as a medicinal product in India. Bedouin tribes believe that camel milk has great curative powers when the camel's diet is of certain plants. In Ethiopia, the milk is considered an aphrodisiac while other mystical powers are attributed to camel milk in other regions.
Although there are almost 13 million Dromedaries alive today, the species is all but extinct in the wild. There is a substantial feral population estimated to be , in the central parts of Australia and descended from individuals introduced as means of transport in the 19th century and early 20th century. The Bactrian Camel once had an enormous range, but is now reduced to an estimated million animals, mostly domesticated. It is thought that there are about wild Bactrian Camels in the Gobi Desert, and small numbers in Iran, Afghanistan, Turkey and Russia.
A small population of introduced camels survived in the United States Southwest until the s. These animals, imported from Turkey, were part of the US Camel Corps experiment and also used as draft animals in mines. Most escaped or were released after the project fell through.
Camels are well known for their humps. They do not literally store water in them as is commonly believed, although they do serve this purpose through a roundabout means. Their humps are a reservoir of fatty tissue, while water is stored in their blood. When this tissue is metabolized, it is not only a source of energy, but yields through reaction with oxygen from the air g of water per g of fat. This allows them to survive without water for about two weeks, and without food for up to a month.
Camels are able to withstand changes in body temperature and water content that would kill most other animals. Their temperature ranges from 93F (34C) at night up to F (41C) at day. Only above this threshold do they start to sweat and they can withstand a 25% weight loss due to sweating. The thick coat reflects sunlight. A shaved camel has to sweat 50% more to avoid overheating. Their long legs also help with this by keeping them further away from the sand.
Their mouth is very sturdy, to be able to eat thorny desert plants. Long eyelashes and ear hairs, together with sealable nostrils prevent sand from entering. Their pace (always moving both legs of one side at the same time) and their widened feet help them move without sinking in.
At Schreiner Farms we raise Bactrian camels. Bactrian's are very rare in the U. S., with there being only about four or five hundred. We bottle raise the babies, and contrary to popular belief, they are gentle and nice, and never spit like Llamas
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Camels are very well adapted to difficult climatic conditions. Apart from their resistance to high temperatures, camels can stay long periods without food and water. Most of the surviving species of camels have been domesticated although a few still remain in the wild. Apart from being kept as pets, camels are also reared as beasts of burden as well as for their meat and milk.
There are three subspecies of camels; Camelus bactrianus, which is the domesticated Bactrian camel, Camelus dromedarius, the single hump dromedary camel and Camelus ferus which is a wild Bactrian camel. There are other subspecies of camels which resulted from crossbreeding the three main species.
While the majority of camels in the world are domesticated, some camels still reside in the wild. These can be captured and be domesticated. A new farmer can also opt to purchase already domesticated camels from other farmers for breeding purposes.
Camels are quick learners and have very good memory. However, they tend to react and adapt slowly to new environment and situations. During training, physical discipline should be minimized and rewarding methods of training applied. For breeding purposes, a farmer should have several cows and one bull. Having more than one male leads to infighting which can lead to serious injury and damage to property. Care should also be taken when purchasing the herd as untrained animals will prove more difficult to train and contain. For untrained animals, heavy enclosure is necessary to ensure safety of humans and the animals.
Training a camel is much like training a horse only that camels are easier to bribe with food and take longer to get used to humans. Training should preferably be done by a professional trainer. However, farmer may opt to train his own animals. This requires that the animal be given adequate time to get used to the trainer by feeding it with grain while at the same time touching its head to develop intimacy. A halter should be gradually introduced while at the same avoiding getting into a fight with the animal. Once the camel is comfortable being tied, the trainer can start gradually leading the animal around. The whole process can take several weeks or months depending on whether the animal was previously trained and the age of the camel.
Housing a camel
Pet camels require protection from extreme weather conditions such as heavy rains and direct sun. The shelter for the camels should be constructed in such a way that it protects the camels from direct wind, pests and predators. The interior of the shelter should be dry and can be lined with dry hay to provide a comfortable resting place. Regular cleaning should be done to remove camel waste. Dusting with pesticides should also be done to control pests such as ticks and mites.The shelter should also be at least ten meters high to enable the camels to move in out easily. Since the animals are tall, the roof should be high enough to give the camels standing room. The camels can be allowed to move freely in the pastureland during the day and they can easily mingle with other domestic animals such as horses and donkeys.
What do camels eat?
Camels are ruminants just like cattle. This means they regurgitate the food earlier eaten, re-chew it and the swallow it again. Camels do not require as much feeding as other domestic animals since they are well adapted for harsh climatic conditions. They require adequate supply of grass and hay. Dry hay is better as it does not cause bloating (a painful condition that can kill the animal). Alfalfa grass should especially be avoided as it is the primary cause of bloating. The feed should have adequate selenium levels as camels are highly vulnerable to selenium deficiency. Selenium supplementation can also be done. Care should be taken to avoid overfeeding them as this might lead to obesity and difficulty in movement. Commercial feeds meant for horses can also be fed on an interim basis. Feeds that contain growth promoting ingredients are poisonous to camels and should be avoided. Camels also require mineral and salt supplementation to ensure healthy development. This is best provided in loose form as opposed to salt lick blocks. Finally, the farmer should ensure that the camels have adequate supply of clean water.
Camels require similar veterinary care to other domestic animals such as cattle and horses. They require require regular vaccination such as Clostridium CD/T vaccine which protects the camels from diseases such as The west Nile virus and Leptospirosis. Rabies vaccination is also necessary. Camels also require regular worming to protect the camels against whip worm infestation. Panacur is good example of a wormer against whip worms. It should be applied on a double dose to overcome resistance. Worming should be done on a regular interval of two months.
Care should be taken when treating camels with antibiotics and medication meant for general livestock. This is due to the fact camels are very susceptible to kidney failure resulting from hard to breakdown medication. Special care should also be given to newborn camels. A blood antibody check should be done within three days of birth and where necessary, plasma transfusion should be done to boost immunity and increase their survival chances.
Conclusion While camel breeding requires a lot of careful attention, it is a very rewarding venture. Camels are very intelligent animals and make good pets especially when properly trained and given adequate care. They are less demanding in terms of the feeding regime and veterinary care.
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The Camel is an even-toed ungulate that is known for its “humps”, which are actually fatty deposits. There are two remaining species of camel, the dromedary and the Bactrian. The Dromedary is a one-hump camel that is found in the Middle East and the Horn of Africa. The Bactrian is a two-hump camel that is found in Central Asia. Both species are domesticated and raised for their meat, milk and hair production as well as their ability to be work animals.
Camels have a 40 – 50 year life expectancy and are quite large, standing an average of six feet tall and weighing up to 2, pounds. They can run in short bursts up to 40 miles per hour and sustain a run of 25 miles per hour. Camel milk is extremely rich in vitamins, proteins, immunoglobulins and nutrients and is considered a staple of desert nomad tribes’ diets.We always strongly encourage you to thoroughly check out each animal breeder you are interested in purchasing from before you make your final decision. With over 25, different breeders listed on this website, it is impossible for us to be able to vouch for every one! And while we do our best to ensure only the top farmers are listed here, it's always best to double check yourself.
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Blue Bonnet was born in June of in Wisconsin. She is dark brown. Her sire is Imax and her dam is Blue Bells. Blue is a gentle girl and a good mom.
Reggie and Humphrey are going to be awesome riding Camels when they are older. They are both very social and love children! Reggie was born on March 6, Humphrey was born on March 11,
Taban was born in September of and came from Kentucky. She is beautiful fawn color. Tabby is a great girl, gentle and smart. She loves people and enjoys
meeting kids and families during our Behind the Scenes Kids Adventures and Camel Encounters!
Blondie was born in March of She is fawn colored and came from Illinois. Blondie is a gentle girl and a wonderful mother. Blondie is also trained to do rides.
Rudy was born in March of in Washington. She is light brown. Her sire is from the Hogle Zoo in Salt Lake City and her dam is from the Minnesota Zoo. Rudy is a great mother and a very nice girl.
Shamrock is an awesome riding Camel and loves children! He is available for Municipal, Charitable, and Special Events. Stoneboat Farm Camelids is a USDA Class C Licensed Exhibitor. Shamrock was born on March 17, in Wisconsin.
White camels are rare. There are not many white Bactrian Camels in the US. DJ is white and BOTH of this parents are white. He has been proven to have white offspring many times. he was born in March of in Wisconsin. DJ's sire is Dually and his dam is Alecia.
Camels for sale miniature
With tears in her eyes, Nastya lifted her skirt, revealing white lace panties. - So, so, huh. - a black palm slapped hard on a gentle mound, - decided that you can ignore me. - Nastya screamed when she was pinched by the crotch.3 Fighter Camels -- Camels for Sale -- Camel Market Islamkot -- Uses of desert camel
There is only one way to calm you down. It became quiet. Probably, he showed her a cockerel on a stick, she was so happy. - How delicious you have it. And exactly, then she began to suck as loud as candy.
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And not only poked in the pussy, but also in the ass. Something else was written, but not for us, the village, to read in English. Thanks at least we can read in Russian.