1976 olds cutlass salon

1976 olds cutlass salon DEFAULT

Oldsmobile Cutlass Salon Collonade Hardtop Sedan
all versions specifications and performance data

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Oldsmobile Cutlass

American car model

Motor vehicle

The Oldsmobile Cutlass was a range of automobiles produced by General Motors' Oldsmobile division between and At its introduction, the Cutlass was Oldsmobile's entry-level model; it began as a unibodycompact car, but saw its greatest success as a body-on-frameintermediate. The Cutlass was named after the type of sword, which was common during the Age of Sail.

Introduced as the top trim level in Oldsmobile's compact F line, the Cutlass evolved into a distinct series of its own, spawning numerous variants, including the formidable muscle car in , premium Cutlass Supreme in , and outright performance Hurst/Olds in , as well as the Vista Cruiserstation wagon.

By the s, Oldsmobile was using the Cutlass as a sub-marque, with numerous vehicle lines bearing the name simultaneously. These included the Cutlass Calaiscompact, the midsizeCutlass Ciera, the Cutlass Cruiserstation wagon, and top of the line midsize Cutlass Supreme.


Oldsmobile first used the Cutlass name on an experimental sports coupe designed in It rode a &#;in (2,&#;mm) wheelbase, and featured a dramatic boat-tailed fastback roofline and stock V8. Its platform was similar to the compact F introduced seven years later.

For model years and , Oldsmobile introduced the Oldsmobile Series 60 and Oldsmobile Series 70 which shared the GM A platform and GM B platform with Chevrolet and Pontiac models. The Series 60 was discontinued in , while the Series 70 was cancelled in The division then offered multiple models using the Oldsmobile Series 80 and Oldsmobile Series 90 platforms during the s. When the division decided to revisit offering a smaller platform again, they didn't return to the traditional naming convention of reintroducing the Series 70 and instead offered the new compact as the F, inspired by the North American F Sabre fighter jet, and beginning a new tradition of using fighter jet names for their products as the Jet Age began. Oldsmobile management decided to continue to take advantage of the "rocket" marketing strategy started with the Rocket V8 engine. The United States Air Force did previously produce a research fighter jet called the McDonnell XF Goblin but it wasn't placed into production. During World War II, many GM factories temporarily suspended automobile production and manufactured fighter aircraft, bombers and aircraft engines for the war effort, and emphasizing their contribution was reflected in the division's decision to name their products after fighter aircraft. Starting in , GM did own Allison Engine Company which manufactured aircraft engines for the United States Military until when the Allison Division was sold.

First-generation (compact) –[edit]

Motor vehicle

First generation
 Oldsmobile F DeLuxe Station Wagon.jpg

F De Luxe Station Wagon

Also&#;calledOldsmobile F
Assembly(main plant)
Lansing Car AssemblyLansing, Michigan
(branch assembly)
South Gate AssemblySouth Gate, California
Lakewood AssemblyLakewood Heights, Georgia
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Engine&#;cu&#;in (&#;L) RocketteV8
&#;cu&#;in (&#;L) Turbo-Rocketturbocharged V8
Wheelbase&#;in (2,&#;mm)[1]
Length– &#;in (4,&#;mm)
&#;in (4,&#;mm)
Width– &#;in (1,&#;mm)
&#;in (1,&#;mm)

General Motors began developing its first compact cars in , beginning with initial planning on what would become the Chevrolet Corvair in The following year a second series of somewhat larger cars was planned for Buick, Oldsmobile, and Pontiac; what would be termed "senior compacts". They would share the same body shell and lightweight engine. Oldsmobile designer Irvin Rybicki began work on the Olds model in It finally went on sale in as a model.

The Oldsmobile F shared a new Y-body platform with the Buick Special and Pontiac Tempest, using a inch (&#;mm) wheelbase and still-novel unibody construction. The use of the model description "F" was a revival of a naming convention the company offered from called the F-Series. It was Oldsmobile's smallest, budget priced model—some two feet (60&#;cm) shorter and $ less than the next-smallest Olds, the full-sized Dynamic The F had double wishbone front suspension and a four-link live axle in the rear, suspended with coil springs all around; the drum brakes had a diameter of inches (&#;mm). Unlike its platform mates, the first-generation F was only ever offered with a V8 engine. Standard engine was the new Rockette&#;cu&#;in (&#;l) all-aluminum V8, Oldsmobile's version of the Buick aluminum V8 which later became famous as the Rover V8. With a two-barrel carburetor and an compression ratio, it was rated brake horsepower (&#;kW; &#;PS) at 4,&#;rpm and &#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m) at 3,&#;rpm.[2] Specifications for the base engine remained the same throughout the – production run.


The first-year F was offered in two body styles, a four-door sedan or a four-door station wagon with either two or three seats, and in a choice of two trim levels, base or De Luxe. Transmission options were initially a 3-speed manual (with synchromesh on the top two gears)[3] and the newly introduced 3-speed Roto Hydramatic. Overall length was inches (4,&#;mm), and curb weight was around 2, pounds (1,&#;kg). A few months after the model introduction, Oldsmobile added a "power pack option", which included a four-barrel carbureted, high-compression (), dual exhaust version of the cu in aluminum V8, and a shorter final drive ratio with either manual and automatic transmissions.[2] This premium fuel-only engine was rated at horsepower (&#;kW; &#;PS) at 4,&#;rpm and &#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m) at 3,&#;rpm.[4] Initial sales were somewhat disappointing, but were soon picked up by the May introduction of a pair of pillared two-door coupes, each with a different roofline and market placement: the F Club Coupe, which became the lowest-priced Oldsmobile model, and the sporty F Cutlass. The Cutlass came equipped with the &#;hp "power pack" drivetrain, and featured De Luxe-type exterior trim with , a more upscale interior with standard bucket seats, upholstered in two-tone vertically pleated vinyl, and an optional center console.[4] 80, Fs were built in total for the model year.

Oldsmobile F Cutlass
Rear view of a Oldsmobile F Club Coupe

Car Life magazine tested an F with the standard engine and automatic transmission, and recorded a (0–96&#;km/h) time of seconds, with a top speed just over miles per hour (&#;km/h). They praised its construction, but found its steering too slow and its suspension too soft for enthusiastic driving.


For styling changes were minor, and included a new grille, different chrome ornamentation on the bodysides and new interior trim. The existing F models returned, and a convertible was added to the line-up in September, available in both standard and Cutlass versions. The automatic transmission was replaced with an upgraded 4 speed Roto 5 Hydro-Matic transmission, and an all-synchromesh four-speed manual became optional. Overall F sales rose to 97,, with the Cutlass displacing the four-door De Luxe sedan as the top-selling model.

The Oldsmobile Jetfire[edit]

Oldsmobile Jetfire

Oldsmobile Jetfire

The bigger news was the arrival of the Oldsmobile Jetfire, a Cutlass pillarless hardtop with a turbocharged version of the V8, dubbed Turbo-Rocket. This made the Jetfire the first ever turbocharged production car, an honor it shares with the Chevrolet Corvair Monza Spyder. Equipped with a Garrett AiResearch turbocharger and a sidedraft, one-barrel, blow-through carburetor, the Turbo-Rocket engine was rated at &#;bhp (&#;PS; &#;kW) at 4,&#;rpm and &#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m) at 3,&#;rpm. The Jetfire came with bucket seats and console, unique trim—two chrome fins on the hood and full-length contrast stripes on the bodysides—and a pressure/vacuum gauge mounted in the console (where it was almost hidden). Although much faster than a standard F, the Jetfire was criticized for having the same soft suspension as its less-powerful brothers, for its lack of a tachometer and other instruments, and for the poor shift quality of both the automatic transmission and the optional four-speed. Car and Driver tested an automatic Jetfire and obtained a 0–60 time of seconds, with a top speed of &#;mph (&#;km/h). The Jetfire's high cost (nearly $ over a standard Cutlass hardtop) and reliability problems with its turbocharged engines limited sales to 3,

Ultimately the Jetfire engine was far ahead of its time. With forced induction and an already high compression ratio the Jetfire was capable of producing more torque than a naturally aspirated engine that was twice its size, significantly improving the engine's efficiency and usability in real-life driving conditions, turbo lag not being an issue at motorway speeds. But since turbo and supercharging the engine essentially means forcing the compression in the combustion chamber even higher, the Jetfire was prone to 'spark-knock' and without modern engine management systems the only way to mitigate this was to use a 50/50 mixture of methanol and distilled water.[5]

Oldsmobile F Cutlass


The F was restyled for the model year, to a crisper, more squared off design than the one of the –62 models. While the wheelbase was unchanged at inches, the new sheetmetal added 4 inches (&#;mm) to the F's rear overhang, increasing overall length to inches (4,&#;mm). The Jetfire and its turbocharged V8 returned, for what would be its final year. Three-row seating was dropped on station wagons. On automatic transmission models only, the compression ratio of the "Cutlass" engine was raised to , pushing output to &#;hp (&#;PS; &#;kW) at &#;rpm and &#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m) at &#;rpm. A Delcotron alternator became standard on all models, as well as on the rest of the Oldsmobile car line.[3] Overall sales climbed again to ,, of which 53, were Cutlasses.

Second generation (intermediate) –[edit]

Motor vehicle

Disappointing sales of the compact F, along with the introduction of Ford Motor Company's intermediateFairlane in , prompted GM to enlarge the senior compacts for the model year.


The new intermediate F now rode a conventional body-on-frame chassis with a perimeter frame which it shared with the newly-introduced "A-body" Chevrolet Chevelle, and upgraded Buick Special and Pontiac Tempest. Wheelbase grew to inches (2,&#;mm), overall length to inches (5,&#;mm), and weight by more than pounds (&#;kg). Both the aluminum V8 and the Roto Hydramatic were discontinued in favor of a new cast-iron small-block V8 of &#;cu&#;in (&#;L) displacement and an optional two-speed Jetaway automatic transmission with variable-pitch stator. Buick's &#;cu&#;in (&#;L) V6 was the standard engine.

The body styles of the previous model returned, and a new Vista Cruiser, a stretched-wheelbase ( inches (3,&#;mm)) version of the standard station wagon featuring a raised rear roof with tinted skylights and a fold-down, forward-facing third seat, debuted on February 4, The model, derived from the BO-9 police package, was also introduced in March (costing $ in ),[6] as an answer to the new intermediate muscle car market created by the Pontiac GTO that same year.

Sales increased to , for , not counting Vista Cruisers.


For a modest facelift increased overall length to inches (5,&#;mm) while the front end received a "dumbbell-style" grille similar to full-sized Olds models. A bigger &#;cu&#;in (&#;L) engine was included with the option, based on the newly introduced &#;cu&#;in (&#;L) engine from the full-sized Oldsmobiles while the Buick V6 and Olds Jetfire Rocket V8 were carried over from the previous year, with increased power ratings for the V8 options. Sales increased again to , The year was the first for Oldsmobile's "Rocket" logo that would last, with minor variations, until the s.

Oldsmobile F V6 Sports Coupe


The models were slightly restyled again, with body lines similar to the full-sized 88, and semi-fastback rooflines with extended sail panels and tunneled rear windows on Sport (pillared) and Holiday (hardtop) coupes. The Buick V6 was replaced on base models by an Oldsmobile-badged "Action-Line 6" version of Chevrolet's &#;cu&#;in (&#;L) "Turbo-Thrift"straight-6 engine, while the &#;cu&#;in (&#;L) Jetfire Rocket V8 continued with power ratings of and horsepower ( and &#;kW). New that year was the Cutlass Supreme four-door hardtop sedan also dubbed the Holiday Sedan by Oldsmobile, the first such body style for Olds' intermediate line.

Oldsmobile Cutlass Celebrity Sedan


Changes for included the availability of optional disc brakes and the three-speed Turbo-Hydramatic to supplement the two-speed Jetaway. A new option was the Turnpike Cruiser package on Cutlass Supreme coupes and convertibles, which used a two-barrel carburetor and mild camshaft with the &#;cu&#;in ( L) engine and a (numerically) low axle ratio for efficient and relatively economical freeway cruising. The Turnpike Cruiser used the heavy-duty suspension of the , and was available only with a Turbo-Hydramatic. The term "Turnpike Cruiser" was a naming conflict due to the Mercury Turnpike Cruiser.

Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme Holiday Sedan

Third generation (intermediate) –[edit]

Motor vehicle

Third generation

Oldsmobile Cutlass Station Wagon

LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel-drive
RelatedAcadian Beaumont
Chevrolet Chevelle
Chevrolet Monte Carlo
Chevrolet Malibu
Chevrolet El Camino
GMC Sprint
Pontiac Tempest
Pontiac LeMans
Pontiac Grand Prix
Pontiac GTO
Oldsmobile F
Oldsmobile Hurst/Olds
Buick Special
Buick Skylark
Buick GSX
Engine&#;cu&#;in (&#;L) Chevrolet I6
&#;cu&#;in (&#;L) V8
&#;cu&#;in (&#;L) V8
&#;cu&#;in (&#;L) V8
Wheelbase&#;in (2,&#;mm) 2-door coupe, hardtop and convertible
&#;in (2,&#;mm) 4-door sedan and station wagon[7]
Length&#;in (5,&#;mm) 2-door coupe, hardtop and convertible
&#;in (5,&#;mm) 4-door sedan
&#;in (5,&#;mm) station wagon
Width&#;in (1,&#;mm) 2-door coupe, hardtop and convertible
&#;in (1,&#;mm) 4-door sedan and station wagon
Curb&#;weight3,&#;lb (1,&#;kg)


The F/Cutlass underwent a major body restyle in , as did all other GM A-body cars. Oldsmobile's was penned by the styling studio headed by Stan Wilen. Two-door and four-door models now rode different wheelbases: inches (2,&#;mm) for two-doors and inches (2,&#;mm) for four-doors. Ostensibly, this change was to allow more individual styling, although several engineers were quoted off the record as saying the inch (2,&#;mm) wheelbase had created problems with uncomfortable "freeway hop" owing to its resonance frequency. Overall length shrunk about inches (66&#;mm), but curb weight rose approximately 75 pounds (34&#;kg) to 3,&#;lb (1,&#;kg) for the hardtop coupe. Two-door F and Cutlass models adopted a semi-fastback roofline, which was a revival of a streamlining on all GM products from until as demonstrated on the Oldsmobile Rocket 88 Club Coupe.

Base model remained the F, with mid-level Cutlass S, and upscale Cutlass Supreme, as well as the , which became a distinct model instead of an option package. A limited-production model was the Hurst/Olds, a special marketed by Oldsmobile and Hurst Performance. The H/O combined the suspension package with a &#;cu&#;in (&#;L) Rocket V8, not ordinarily offered in Cutlasses because of a GM policy limiting intermediates to engines of &#;cu&#;in (&#;L) or less. Cutlass and Vista Cruiser station wagons were likewise redesigned; the F wagon was discontinued.

Engine options were similar to the previous year, although the Cutlass's V8 option was expanded to &#;cu&#;in (&#;L), still with both two- and four-barrel carburetion. The variable-pitch stator feature of both optional two-speed Jetaway and three-speed Turbo Hydra-matic automatic transmissions was discontinued.


Oldsmobile Cutlass S Convertible

The F/Cutlass models received only minor trim changes from their '68 counterparts such as a now-Olds trademark split grille with vertical bars and vertical taillights. Per federal safety regulations, headrests were now standard equipment and the ignition switch moved from the instrument panel to the steering column to lock the steering wheel when not in use, in common with all other model GM cars, one year before the locking steering columns were federally mandated.

Engine offerings were unchanged from , but a new three-speed Turbo Hydra-matic transmission was added to the option list and available with all versions of the &#;cu&#;in (&#;L) Rocket V8, including the standard two-barrel &#;cu&#;in (&#;L) version, four-barrel "Ultra High Compression" &#;hp (&#;kW) option and the W option, conservatively rated at &#;hp (&#;kW).[8] The two-speed Jetaway automatic was still available with the Chevy-built &#;cu&#;in (&#;l) "Action-Line" six or the two-barrel &#;cu&#;in (&#;L) V8. The Turnpike Cruiser two-barrel &#;cu&#;in (&#;L) Rocket V8 was dropped and the four-barrel engine from the was available only in the Vista Cruiser wagons.


Oldsmobile Cutlass S Sport Coupe
From the Cutlass Supreme Holiday Coupe wore a unique notchback roofline.

The F and Cutlass was available in seven body styles, three of which were coupes: a pillared fastback Sports Coupe (in F, Cutlass S or trims), an hardtop fastback Holiday Coupe (Cutlass S and only), and finally a more formal notchback Holiday Coupe, only offered in Cutlass Supreme trim. This practice was similar to that followed at the time by Ford and Mercury for theirintermediates, which were offered in both notchback and fastback coupes starting in Also available were a four-door hardtop Holiday Sedan, a four-door Town Sedan, a convertible, a flat-top station wagon called the Custom Cruiser, as well as the fancier Vista-Cruiser station wagon. Counting all trim level and body style permutations, Oldsmobile's lineup included 15 different intermediate models.

With GM tossing out the cubic-inch limit for intermediates and the now coming standard with the larger cubic-inch Rocket V8 from the big Oldsmobiles and previously used in the Hurst/Olds, Olds discontinued the engine entirely and also offered the as an option in the Cutlass S models and the Vista Cruiser wagons. There was an SX option that became available in and was available only on the Cutlass Supreme hardtop and convertible. The SX cars all had the engine and TH automatic transmission.

The same assortment of three- and four-speed manual transmissions were carried over from previous years with Hurst shifters used on floor-mounted three-speeds and all four-speeds. The two-speed Jetaway automatic transmission was discontinued entirely with the three-speed Turbo Hydra-matic now the sole offering for shiftless driving. Cutlass S coupes with the optional Strato bucket seats and Turbo Hydra-matic could be equipped with the Hurst Dual-Gate shifter (also known as the "His and Her-Shifter") in conjunction with the extra-cost center console. The Hurst Dual-Gate made it possible to either put the transmission in Drive, and let the transmission decide when to shift. Or it could be placed in a manual mode, much like today's computer-controlled automatics.

Oldsmobile Rallye

A only offering was the Oldsmobile Rallye , a value-priced high-performance model using the engine. It was intended for younger buyers that wanted the performance and looks of a supercar, but might have trouble with the rising insurance premiums associated with engined cars like the [9] In essence the Rallye was an appearance package (coded W45) tied to mandatory options, and could be ordered on the Cutlass S Holiday or Sports Coupe as well as on the F Sports Coupe. All Rallye s were painted in Sebring Yellow with matching urethane-coated bumpers front and rear. The package also included special black and orange decals, blacked out grille and yellow-painted 7" wide Super Stock II rally wheels without trim rings, wearing G70×14" bias-belted Wide Oval blackwall tires. The engine was the L74 air-inducted high-compression cu.in. Rocket V8 engine, fitted with a Quadrajet carburetor and producing &#;hp (&#;kW). Required options were the associated "Force-Air" fiberglass vented hood, dual exhaust with style megaphone outlets, axle ratio, heavy-duty "Rallye-Sport Suspension" with front and rear stabilizers, sports mirrors and sports steering wheel.


Oldsmobile Cutlass Town Sedan

The model shared much of the same exterior sheetmetal as the , but with a new hood, grille, and headlight assemblies, as well as new bumpers and taillights. Four new exterior body colors were offered, Viking Blue, Lime Green, Bittersweet, and Saturn Gold.

The famous "Rocket" V8 continued in several different sizes and power options, with both the large and 'small-block' available with either 2- or 4-barrel carburetors. This was the last year for the cubic-inch six-cylinder engine, as it had not been a popular offering in Olds intermediates. All engines were now fitted with hardened valve seats, preparing for the upcoming mandate for unleaded gasoline that took effect with the introduction of catalytic converters on models. The Olds engines also featured lowered compression ratios and designed to run on regular leaded, low-lead or unleaded gasoline with a research octane rating of 91 or higher (equivalent to 87 octane by today's octane measurements).


Oldsmobile Cutlass hardtop

For , there were minor style changes to the Cutlass, and the reverted to being a Cutlass trim line (W option) instead of the distinct model it was in

The primary changes to the Cutlass were the front grilles and the tail lights. The straight six engine was dropped but would return to the lineup in

The Hurst/Olds used the Cutlass Supreme notchback hardtop and convertible bodies. A Hurst/Olds paced the Indianapolis , and Olds built about replicas, some 25% of them convertibles.[10]

The entry-level F series was reduced to solely a four-door sedan, then discontinued mid-year due to low sales. This ended the use of the F nameplate, although it would later resurface on an entry-level version of the compact Omega.

Fourth generation (intermediate) –[edit]

Motor vehicle


The Cutlass line was redesigned for using GM's new "Colonnade" A-body platform. The model lineup consisted of the base Cutlass, Cutlass "S", Cutlass Supreme, Cutlass Salon, Vista Cruiser station wagon, and the appearance package on the Cutlass "S" colonnade coupe. While rooflines were shared with other GM divisions, the Cutlass bodies had two Oldsmobile-specific convex creases—one starting behind the front wheel and running rearward into the door and curving upward at its trailing end, and the other curving down just ahead of the rear wheel and continued by the crease line of the quarter panel behind the rear wheel. The Cutlass "S" and offered optional "Strato" bucket seats with high seatbacks and built-in head restraints; these seats could be swiveled 90 degrees to permit easier entry and exit for the driver and front passenger.

The new Salon package was offered first as a 4-door Colonnade sedan, which was joined in by a 2-door hardtop coupe. It was an upscale "European" style luxury/sports package,[13] similar in concept to the Pontiac Grand Am,[14] and was the first Oldsmobile with the international-flags emblem. The Salon included items such as upgraded suspension, radial tires, reclining bucket seats and a hand-operated headlamp dimmer switch built into the turn signal switch.

All Cutlass models came standard with front disc brakes[12] The standard engine was a horsepower (&#;kW) Rocket V8 (K VIN engine code), a horsepower (&#;kW) Rocket V8 with dual exhaust (M code), a horsepower (&#;kW) Rocket V8 (U code, or L75), and a horsepower (&#;kW) V8, with a hotter cam and Wstyle heads. This engine was called the L77 (V code), and was used primarily in four-speed cars and automatics without air conditioning in the Hurst/Olds.[citation needed] Transmissions included a standard column-shift three-speed manual, optional four-speed Muncie M20 manual with Hurst shifter, and three-speed Turbo-Hydramatic automatic. Upgraded gauges were optional.[12]


Changes for included new taillight lenses and radiator grilles, and a new front fascia with bumper-mounted turn signals used only on the base model. There were newly-mandated 5&#;mph (&#;km/h) rear bumpers, with a new hydraulic energy absorpotion system.[15] Both the and Rocket V8s were carried over unchanged from aside from revisions required to meet emissions regulations. The Turbo Hydramatic transmission became standard equipment on all Cutlass models.[citation needed]


Cutlass 4-door sedan

For , Oldsmobile added two smaller engines to attract economy-minded buyers in the aftermath of the –74 energy crisis. These were the Chevrolet-built cubic inches (&#;L) inline six (previously offered from –71) and a new V8 based on the Olds Rocket V8, which continued as an option. Also continuing was the Rocket V8, rated at horsepower (&#;kW). All engines had catalytic converters and required unleaded gasoline in the United States; Canadian buyers could opt to delete the converter.[16] The three-speed manual transmission returned as standard equipment in conjunction with the six-cylinder engine on all Cutlass models except Salons and station wagons. However, only % of Cutlasses were built with a manual transmission as most buyers wanted the V8 and Turbo Hydramatic as in previous years.[17]

The grilles were somewhat more angular and separated into eight pieces on each side. The front turn signals were now incorporated into the grille. At the rear, new two-piece taillights were divided vertically. The S and Supreme both had a chrome strip atop the hood, while the Supreme also had the Oldsmobile logo mounted atop the grille. A fuel economy gauge was optional.[18]

The Cutlass line overtook the full-size Delta 88 as the best-selling Oldsmobile line in , with the Cutlass Supreme coupe accounting for the majority of those sales, surpassing the Chevrolet Chevelle and Ford Torino to become the best-selling intermediate-sized car in America. The Cutlass was also the second-best selling car line in the U.S. in , with only the full-sized Chevrolet Impala/Caprice ahead of it.[citation needed]


The Cutlass became America's best selling car this year and would hold this title for most years[vague] into the s. A restyled front end with waterfall-type split grilles and new rectangular headlights was introduced that would become an Olds Cutlass trademark in coming years, lasting into the late s. Coupe bodies were reshaped for a smoother, less contoured look than the design, a design change shared with Buick's A-body coupes. Cutlass sedans and wagons kept their bulges through the end of model year Taillights were revised and the license plate/fuel filler was moved above the bumper. The base Cutlass line was dropped, with the Cutlass S nameplate now applied to the entry-level coupe and sedan this year - both of which featured an aerodynamic slanted front nose in contrast to the upright front ends of other Cutlass models including the Cutlass Supreme coupe, sedan and wagon, Vista Cruiser wagon, Cutlass Salon coupe and sedan, and the new Cutlass Supreme Brougham coupe. The option was still offered on Cutlass S coupes as an appearance/handling package.[citation needed]

Engine offerings were carried over from including the Chevy-built cubic-inch inline six and Olds-built Rocket V8s of , or cubic inches. A three-speed manual transmission was standard with the six-cylinder engine but Turbo Hydra-matic was optional with this engine and the , and required with the and V8s. A new option this year was the T Borg-Warner five-speed manual transmission, which was available only with the V8.[citation needed]


Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme Brougham Coupe

New grilles highlighted all Cutlass models with Cutlass S sedans and coupes reverting to an upright grille/front end while the more aerodynamic slanted front end was only offered with the option. "Oldsmobile" nameplates in a new sans-serif typeface replaced the former script ones.

Inside was a slightly revised instrument panel with the clock relocated to the right side of the dash above the glovebox. This also marked the introduction of Oldsmobile's new mechanical digital clock. The Chevrolet inline six was replaced by Buick's V6 (standard on all models except Salon and Vista Cruiser), while the and Rocket V8s were carried over. The big-block Rocket V8 was discontinued and replaced by a new small-block cubic inch Rocket V8. Transmissions included a three-speed manual (standard and only available with the V6 engine), five-speed manual (coupes with V8 only) or three-speed Turbo Hydra-matic - optional on V6 models, included with the V8 in sedans and and V8s on all models, and standard on station wagons. A sedan was added to the Supreme Brougham line, while the Salon lost its sedan version. The base wagon dropped the Cutlass Cruiser nameplate and became part of the Vista Cruiser line.[citation needed]

, Cutlasses were built in , the highest production for the model.[citation needed]

Fifth-generation (intermediate) –[edit]

Motor vehicle

Fifth generation
 Oldsmobile Cutlass Salon fastback 4-door.jpg

Cutlass Salon fastback

Also&#;calledOldsmobile Cutlass Supreme (–)
Oldsmobile Cutlass Calais (–)
Oldsmobile Cutlass Salon (–)
Oldsmobile Cutlass Cruiser (–)
Oldsmobile (–, )
Assembly(main plant)
Lansing, Michigan
(branch assembly)
Arlington, Texas
Doraville, Georgia
Framingham, Massachusetts
Sainte-Thérèse, Quebec, Canada
Body&#;style4-door sedan
4-door fastbacksedan
5-door station wagon
2-door coupe
2-door fastbackcoupe
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel-drive
PlatformA-body (–81)
G-body (–88)
RelatedBuick Century
Chevrolet El Camino
Chevrolet Malibu
Chevrolet Monte Carlo
Pontiac Grand Am
Pontiac Grand Prix
Pontiac Le Mans
  • &#;cu&#;in (&#;L) BuickV6
  • &#;cu&#;in (&#;L) OldsmobileV8
  • &#;cu&#;in (&#;L) Pontiac V8
  • &#;cu&#;in (&#;L) Chevrolet V8
  • &#;cu&#;in (&#;L) LF7diesel V8
  • &#;cu&#;in (&#;L) LF9diesel V8
Wheelbase&#;in (2,&#;mm)
SuccessorOldsmobile Cutlass Ciera


The Cutlass was downsized to the new version of GM's A-body with a shorter, inch (2,&#;mm) wheelbase. This Cutlass was lighter than earlier versions at around 3, pounds (1,&#;kg), and it could be ordered with any of several engines built by GM's different divisions; a Buick V6, Oldsmobile V8, Pontiac V8 or Chevrolet V8s with either two- or four-barrel carburetors. This generation could still be ordered with the T Borg-Warner five-speed manual transmission for several model years.

The '78 Cutlass lineup included the fastback design "aeroback" Salon and Salon Brougham fastback coupes and sedans, and the formal roof Supreme, Supreme Brougham and Calais coupes. The fastbacks were twins to the Buick Century of the same sales years. The Salons quickly proved to be far less popular than the notchback Supreme and Calais coupes. There were also "two-seat" (6 passengers in two rows) Cutlass Cruiser and Cutlass Cruiser Brougham station wagons; both being smaller, more conventional replacements of the three-seat (8 passenger) Vista Cruiser.

Oldsmobile Cutlass Salon 2-door fastback coupe

Broughams featured softer, quieter rides, and fancier trim and upholstery. A factory T-top was optional on notchback coupes only. The appearance and handling package, available on Salon coupes, featured large lower body stripes and decals outside but not always shown with decals, unique seats and badges inside, and a taut performance suspension featuring quicker-ratio steering, heavier springs, stiffer shocks, a stiffer front stabilizer bar, a rear stabilizer bar, and bigger tires. The Cutlass Calais used essentially the same suspension as the , but it also came standard with several other performance and touring options, including full instrumentation, an aluminum spoked sport steering wheel, reclining front bucket seats and a center console with floor shifter.

Cosmetically, the line continued through with only slight changes front and rear. A bewildering array of grilles were used on the different equipment levels for and , including two sets each of slotted (Salon), waterfall (Supreme and Brougham), and eggcrate (Calais) style designs.


Cutlass Calais coupe with the Hurst/Olds W package

The same model lineup continued, with a revision of both the front grille and taillight lenses. A diesel version of the Oldsmobile (based on the Olds diesel) was optional; diesel Cutlasses had the "Oldsmobile Diesel" badges on the decklids, where gasoline-powered Cutlasses had the "Rocket" logo.

Only Cutlass Calais coupes were equipped with the Hurst/Olds W package, featuring unique aluminum wheels trimmed with gold paint, an exclusive console-mounted Hurst Dual Gate floor shifter, special gold over black or white two-tone paint and an otherwise unavailable Oldsmobile V8 with a four-barrel carb and dual outlet exhausts. It is estimated that only cars with the H/O package had T-Tops.


Cutlass Supreme and Calais coupes received new header panels incorporating four headlights, mimicking the model. The four-door Salon was dropped due to poor sales. Taking its place was a conventional notchback sedan known simply as "Cutlass," with base, LS, and Brougham trim levels available. Sister division Buick did the same with their Buick Century sedan (the to Centuries shared the bodyshell with the Cutlass Salon). The package was moved to the Cutlass Calais, and while it lacked the Dual Gate shifter, it was essentially a carryover of the Hurst/Olds, even having the Oldsmobile V8 80 's were produced for The diesel engine was dropped, as it was considerably slower yet no more economic than the litre diesel.[19]

Cutlass Supreme notchback sedan


Cutlass Cruiser diesel station wagon

The fastback Salon coupe was dropped, and the Supreme and Calais got a restyle that included a more aerodynamic nose and smoother body lines. Sedans got quad headlamps and a new grille. The was dropped. Most of this range continued to be marketed as the Cutlass Supreme until , although the Cutlass Cruiser was replaced for

Cutlass family –[edit]

In , Oldsmobile began using the Cutlass nameplate as a sub-marque, with numerous distinct vehicle lines bearing the name simultaneously.

Cutlass Ciera (–)[edit]

Main article: Oldsmobile Cutlass Ciera

The more space-efficient Cutlass Ciera was introduced on GM's new front-wheel drivemid-sizedA platform in The Cutlass Cruiserstation wagon nameplate followed the Ciera to its new platform in Coupes were produced until , sedans and wagons until For the final year in production, this model was renamed simply Oldsmobile Ciera.

During its run, the Cutlass Ciera was consistently Oldsmobile's best-selling model.

Cutlass Supreme (–)[edit]

See also: Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme


Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme

Meanwhile, the previous-generation Cutlass Supreme continued on the (now renamed) rear-wheel-driveG-body platform for six more years. The Hurst/Olds edition reappeared for two years in and From through the replaced the Hurst/Olds as the high performance model.

Until , the deluxe Cutlass Supreme model was known as the Cutlass Calais. When the Calais nameplate moved to its own platform in , the top Supreme was renamed to Cutlass Salon. As the new front-wheel drive Cutlass Supreme model was being launched in , the rear-drive G-special coupe remained in production for one final model year as the Cutlass Supreme Classic.


Cutlass Supreme sedan

The premium Cutlass Supreme nameplate was moved to the new front-wheel-drivemid-sizedGM W platform in Originally a coupe, a 4-door sedan model was added in Convertibles were also produced from to

In , the Cutlass Supreme was replaced by the Oldsmobile Intrigue.

Cutlass Calais (–)[edit]

See also: Oldsmobile Cutlass Calais

Cutlass Calais sedan

The third Cutlass nameplate introduced was the compactCutlass Calais (originally just Oldsmobile Calais) on the front-wheel-driveN-body in The famed nameplate was revived for the Cutlass Calais in and

The Cutlass Calais was replaced by the Oldsmobile Achieva in

Sixth generation (midsize) –[edit]

Oldsmobile Cutlass

Main article: Fifth Generation Chevrolet Malibu

The Oldsmobile Cutlass name was revived for the model year as a slightly upscale version of the mechanically identical fifth generation Chevrolet Malibu.[20][21] The Cutlass did have a few minor differences. Visually, it had a split grille front fascia like other Oldsmobiles at the time and all red rear tail lamps.[22] Mechanically, the liter V6 engine was the only engine offered.[20][21] The Cutlass was available in GL and GLS trim. Available options on the base GL model included power windows, power driver's seat, power mirrors, CD player, and alloy wheels. The GLS included most of the GL's options as standard equipment plus added leather interior and was available with a power astroroof.[20] This generation of Cutlass was intended as a placeholder model to fill the gap left by the discontinuation of the Ciera, before the all-new Alero arrived.[20] Production of this generation of Cutlass ended July 2, ,[23] making it the final vehicle to bear the Cutlass name.


  1. ^"Old car brochures ". Oldcarbrochures.com. Retrieved
  2. ^ ab"Full range road test—Olds F". Motor Trend. February pp.&#;29–
  3. ^ ab"Introducing the '63 cars—Oldsmobile F, Cutlass & Jetfire". Car Life. November p.&#;
  4. ^ ab"Oldsmobile's F Cutlass". Motor Trend. July pp.&#;26–
  5. ^https://www.hemmings.com/stories//04/18/yesterdays-car-of-tomorrowoldsmobile-jetfire
  6. ^Gunnell, John (). standard catalog of American Muscle Cars –. Krause Publications. ISBN&#;.
  7. ^GM Heritage Center. MY Oldsmobile Cutlass Owner's Manual. Retrieved
  8. ^"Hot Rod Magazine". March p.&#;[verification needed]
  9. ^Ludvigsen, Karl. "Bridging the insurance gap—Olds comes up with an answer to rising supercar insurance rates". Motor Trend. No.&#;February pp.&#;68–69,
  10. ^Flory, J. "Kelly", Jr. American Cars – (Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Coy, ), p
  11. ^Rechtin, Mark (November 22, ). "Man behind Miata decides there's a Next act in design". Automotive News. Retrieved September 10,
  12. ^ abcde"Old car brochures ". Oldcarbrochures.com. Retrieved
  13. ^Chevedden, John; Kowalke, Ron (). Standard Catalog of Oldsmobile –. Iola, WI: Krause Publications. p.&#; ISBN&#;.
  14. ^GN (). "Vintage Review: Oldsmobile Cutlass Salon Versus Mercedes SE – No Joke, Car And Driver Compares A Colonnade To An S-Class". Curbside Classics. Archived from the original on
  15. ^"Old car brochures ". Oldcarbrochures.com. Archived from the original on Retrieved
  16. ^"Canada Hangs Tough in Rough Times", The Windsor Star, 9 July , p
  17. ^Ward's Automotive Yearbook . Ward's Communications, Inc.
  18. ^"Old car brochures ". Oldcarbrochures.com. Retrieved
  19. ^Hogg, Tony (ed.). "Four mid-size diesel sedans". Road & Track's Road Test Annual & Buyer's Guide (January–February ):
  20. ^ abcdVettraino, J.P. (26 January ). "Cars for the non-enthusiast". Autoweek. 48 (4): 20– ISSN&#; Archived from the original on 10 May Retrieved 16 March
  21. ^ abSwan, Tony (31 October ). " Oldsmobile Cutlass". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 16 March
  22. ^"Oldsmobile Cutlass Sedan GLS picture".
  23. ^" Cutlass". The Encyclopedia of Oldsmobile. ClassicOldsmobile.com. Retrieved May 31,

External links[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oldsmobile_Cutlass
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Oldsmobile Cutlass Salon Collonade Hardtop Coupe
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