Summer 2019 crate tf2

Summer 2019 crate tf2 DEFAULT

Team Fortress 2 hat economy wrecked by crate glitch

UPDATE 7.58pm: As the shadow of hatmageddon continues to loom over Team Fortress 2's trading economy, Valve has taken early steps to prevent players from securing more rare head adornments using the game's current loot box glitch.

In a bid to stop further Unusuals from flooding the market, Valve has now (as detailed by TF2 reddit mod wickedplayer494) disabled the display of Team Fortress 2 inventories on the Steam Community, preventing trades and listings on the Community Market. Player items can, however, still be used in-game.

Valve has yet to issue an official statement on the glitch - or indeed what, if anything, it plans to do to restore order to the TF2 trading economy - but at least the community will be impeccably attired while the whole thing sinks into the mud.

ORIGINAL STORY 4.40pm: Hats. Team Fortress 2 players are obsessed with them. While the game itself hasn't received a huge amount of attention from Valve in recent years, the TF2 hat economy has remained a core part of the community, with many players seeking to trade their way to rare "Unusual" hats with pretty particle effects - the mark of a truly elite TF2 player.


Normally, the most basic of these could cost you around £20 via the Steam community marketplace, with the alternatives being to trade your way there with materials, or chancing it via opening hundreds of crates. But thanks to a new glitch, many of TF2's crates have shifted their Unusual drop rate from one per cent to 100 per cent, making the items rather more attainable and completely upending the TF2 social hierarchy. How will I know who to pocket medic now?

The problem began following TF2's latest summer update, which introduced a number of new cosmetic items and, seemingly, the Unusual drop rate glitch. The bug seems to apply to certain lines in the Mann Co. Supply Munition Series, with prices for Unusuals from said crates dropping, and the price of the crates themselves soaring. I tested this out, and indeed found myself opening four Unusuals in a row. One hat I received, which cost £18.26 before the crash, is now being sold for £4.95. Equally, the crates I bought cost £0.03 a few days ago (with only one sold per day), but have been sold 3418 times today at around £2.04.


It's a full-scale economic disaster, and it seems to be causing a fair bit of panic amongst those in the trading community. "What is going to happen? Should I unbox crates? Can I get banned?? OH MY GOD!!!!", reads one post on Reddit.

According to a post currently at the top of the Team Fortress 2 subreddit, third-party trading site Scrap.TF has closed its doors until the glitch has been fixed, while the moderators have warned players to avoid trading TF2 items until Valve has introduced a hotfix. Many players are speculating that Valve will simply prevent item trading until the issue is resolved. Now all these items are out in the wild, however, it's unclear how Valve will provide a more long-term solution.


Of course, because this is Team Fortress 2, the memes have started rolling in - ranging from a fake newspaper headline to creative sketches and comparisons to the 1929 stock market crash. Truly, the bug has been a great leveller, and possibly one of the most dramatic events to ever hit the TF2 community.

Stock Market Crash (1929, colorized) from r/tf2

Hat traders and collectors can at least be comforted by the news that the Dancing Doe hat - based on the truly ancient Ricardo Milos meme - has been introduced via the new summer 2019 pack. Unless the glitch expands to that one, at least.


Item Trading

IconTough Break Key 1 key, 15.66 refined 1 key, 12.33 refined IconPyroland Weapons Case #99 2 keys, 22.66 refined 2 keys, 20.55 refined IconWarbird Weapons Case #100 1 key, 23.66 refined 1 key, 20.33 refined IconTough Break Cosmetic Key 1 key, 26.33 refined 1 key, 24.66 refined IconEarbuds 4 keys, 45.33 refined 4 keys, 37.33 refined IconBills Hat 3 keys, 12.33 refined 3 keys, 11 refined IconTour of Duty Ticket 29.33 refined 27.66 refined IconSquad Surplus Voucher 1 key 1 key, 0.33 refined IconName Tag 16.33 refined 15.33 refined IconName Tag (Secondary) 16.33 refined 15.33 refined IconDescription Tag 3.33 refined 2.33 refined IconBackpack Expander 29.66 refined 28.66 refined IconDecal Tool 3.22 refined 2.77 refined IconGift Wrap 6.66 refined 6 refined IconUpgrade to Premium Gift 2 keys, 36.66 refined 2 keys, 35 refined IconPallet of Crates 2 keys, 23.66 refined 2 keys, 20 refined IconTaunt: Bad Pipes 1 key, 51.66 refined 1 key, 50.66 refined IconTaunt: Battin a Thousand 14.44 refined 14.22 refined IconTaunt: The Boston Breakdance 1 key, 38.33 refined 1 key, 37 refined IconTaunt: The Box Trot 1 key, 7.33 refined 1 key, 6.66 refined IconTaunt: Bucking Bronco 2 keys, 10 refined 2 keys, 9 refined IconStrange Taunt: Burstchester 23 keys, 44.66 refined 21 keys, 35.33 refined IconTaunt: Burstchester 9 keys, 9.66 refined 9 keys IconTaunt: Buy A Life 20.66 refined 20.11 refined IconTaunt: Conga 2 keys, 27.33 refined 2 keys, 26.33 refined IconTaunt: Deep Fried Desire 26.33 refined 25.66 refined IconTaunt: Flippin Awesome 1 key, 1.33 refined 1 key, 1 refined IconTaunt: Fresh Brewed Victory 31.66 refined 31 refined IconTaunt: The High Five! 1 key, 37.33 refined 1 key, 34.66 refined IconTaunt: I See You 17.55 refined 17 refined IconTaunt: Kazotsky Kick 3 keys, 41.33 refined 3 keys, 40 refined IconTaunt: The Killer Solo 2 keys, 32.66 refined 2 keys, 31.33 refined IconTaunt: Mannrobics 2 keys, 25.66 refined 2 keys, 25 refined IconTaunt: The Meet the Medic 13.33 refined 13.11 refined IconTaunt: Most Wanted 1 key, 21.66 refined 1 key, 20.33 refined IconTaunt: Oblooterated 44.66 refined 44.33 refined IconTaunt: Party Trick 21.66 refined 21.33 refined IconTaunt: Pool Party 6 keys, 54.66 refined 6 keys, 6.33 refined IconTaunt: The Proletariat Posedown 2 keys, 11.66 refined 2 keys, 10.33 refined IconTaunt: Rancho Relaxo 1 key, 17.33 refined 1 key, 16.33 refined IconTaunt: Results Are In 19.66 refined 19.33 refined IconTaunt: Rock, Paper, Scissors 1 key, 27.33 refined 1 key, 26.33 refined IconTaunt: The Schadenfreude 3 keys, 2 refined 3 keys, 1 refined IconGenuine Shred Alert 2 keys, 38.33 refined 2 keys, 37.33 refined IconTaunt: Shred Alert 2 keys, 7.33 refined 2 keys, 6.33 refined IconTaunt: Skullcracker 1 key, 1.33 refined 1 key IconTaunt: Soldiers Requiem 1 key, 46.33 refined 1 key, 45 refined IconTaunt: Spent Well Spirits 21 refined 20.55 refined IconTaunt: Square Dance 1 key, 6.33 refined 1 key, 5.33 refined IconTaunt: Zoomin Broom 3 keys, 2.66 refined 3 keys, 1.33 refined IconMann Co. Painting Set 1 key, 51.66 refined 1 key, 49.33 refined IconA Color Similar to Slate 25.55 refined 25 refined IconA Deep Commitment to Purple 29.33 refined 29 refined IconA Distinctive Lack of Hue 2 keys, 0.33 refined 1 key, 52.33 refined IconA Manns Mint 53.55 refined 53 refined IconAfter Eight 1 key, 15.33 refined 1 key, 14.33 refined IconAged Moustache Grey 11.88 refined 11.33 refined IconAn Air of Debonair 32.33 refined 31 refined IconAustralium Gold 28.55 refined 28.11 refined IconBalaclavas Are Forever 1 key, 12.66 refined 1 key, 12 refined IconColor No. 216-190-216 18.66 refined 15.33 refined IconCream Spirit 46.33 refined 45.66 refined IconDark Salmon Injustice 51.66 refined 50.33 refined IconDrably Olive 10.33 refined 10.11 refined IconIndubitably Green 19.33 refined 19 refined IconMann Co. Orange 19 refined 18 refined IconMuskelmannbraun 2.66 refined 2.33 refined IconNoble Hatters Violet 12.22 refined 11.66 refined IconOperators Overalls 34.66 refined 34.11 refined IconPeculiarly Drab Tincture 5 refined 4 refined IconRadigan Conagher Brown 4.55 refined 4 refined IconTeam Spirit 1 key, 21.33 refined 1 key, 17.33 refined IconThe Color of a Gentlemanns Business Pants 16.22 refined 15.66 refined IconThe Value of Teamwork 1 key, 10.33 refined 1 key, 5.33 refined IconWaterlogged Lab Coat 30.88 refined 30.44 refined IconYe Olde Rustic Colour 2.66 refined 2.22 refined IconZepheniahs Greed 7 refined 6.77 refined IconStrange Count Transfer Tool 0.88 refined 0.77 refined IconStrange Cosmetic Part: Assists 47.22 refined 45.33 refined IconStrange Cosmetic Part: Fires Survived 2 keys, 9.33 refined 2 keys, 7.66 refined IconStrange Cosmetic Part: Freezecam Taunt Appearances 2 keys 1 key, 55.33 refined IconStrange Cosmetic Part: Kills 4 keys, 54.66 refined 4 keys, 45.33 refined IconStrange Part: Airborne Enemies Killed 4 keys, 2.33 refined 3 keys, 55.33 refined IconStrange Part: Allied Healing Done 1 key, 50.66 refined 1 key, 45.33 refined IconStrange Part: Teammates Extinguished 2 keys, 47.66 refined 2 keys, 45.33 refined IconStrange Part: Buildings Destroyed 2 keys, 9.66 refined 2 keys, 7.33 refined IconStrange Part: Burning Enemy Kills 46.66 refined 45.33 refined IconStrange Part: Cloaked Spies Killed 40.66 refined 40.11 refined IconStrange Part: Critical Kills 1 key, 0.66 refined 55 refined IconStrange Part: Damage Dealt 5 keys, 0.66 refined 4 keys, 54.66 refined IconStrange Part: Defender Kills 15.33 refined 15 refined IconStrange Part: Demomen Killed 50.33 refined 49.33 refined IconStrange Part: Domination Kills 5 keys, 32.66 refined 5 keys, 30.66 refined IconStrange Part: Engineers Killed 26.33 refined 25.66 refined IconStrange Part: Full Health Kills 17.33 refined 16.77 refined IconStrange Part: Full Moon Kills 8.33 refined 8.11 refined IconStrange Part: Giant Robots Destroyed 1 key, 31.66 refined 1 key, 26.33 refined IconStrange Part: Gib Kills 1 key, 31.33 refined 1 key, 28.66 refined IconStrange Part: Halloween Kills 19.66 refined 15.33 refined IconStrange Part: Headshot Kills 2 keys, 52.33 refined 2 keys, 40.33 refined IconStrange Part: Heavies Killed 14.33 refined 13.66 refined IconStrange Part: Kills During Victory Time 13.66 refined 13.33 refined IconStrange Part: Kills While Explosive Jumping 52 refined 51 refined IconStrange Part: Kills While Ubercharged 33 refined 32 refined IconStrange Part: Kills with a Taunt Attack 1 key, 35.33 refined 1 key, 33.33 refined IconStrange Part: Killstreaks Ended 22.33 refined 21.66 refined IconStrange Part: Long-Distance Kills 1 key, 1.66 refined 1 key, 0.33 refined IconStrange Part: Low-Health Kills 31.33 refined 30.66 refined IconStrange Part: Medics Killed 1 key, 49.66 refined 1 key, 46.66 refined IconStrange Part: Medics Killed That Have Full ÜberCha 35 refined 34.33 refined IconStrange Part: Not Crit nor MiniCrit Kills 21.33 refined 20.77 refined IconStrange Part: Player Hits 1 key, 49.33 refined 1 key, 47.33 refined IconStrange Part: Point-Blank Kills 51.66 refined 50.33 refined IconStrange Part: Posthumous Kills 23.66 refined 23 refined IconStrange Part: Projectiles Reflected 3 keys, 53.33 refined 3 keys, 52.33 refined IconStrange Part: Pyros Killed 15.66 refined 15.11 refined IconStrange Part: Revenge Kills 17.22 refined 16.88 refined IconStrange Part: Robot Scouts Destroyed 12.33 refined 12 refined IconStrange Part: Robot Spies Destroyed 11.33 refined 10 refined IconStrange Part: Robots Destroyed 7 keys, 14.66 refined 6 keys, 55.33 refined IconStrange Part: Robots Destroyed During Halloween 8.33 refined 7.77 refined IconStrange Part: Sappers Destroyed 2 keys, 26.33 refined 2 keys, 19.66 refined IconStrange Part: Scouts Killed 2 keys, 1.66 refined 2 keys, 2.33 refined IconStrange Part: Snipers Killed 2 keys, 40.33 refined 2 keys, 35.33 refined IconStrange Part: Soldiers Killed 52.33 refined 51 refined IconStrange Part: Spies Killed 2 keys, 15.33 refined 2 keys, 12.33 refined IconStrange Part: Tanks Destroyed 21 refined 20 refined IconStrange Part: Taunting Player Kills 11 refined 10 refined IconStrange Part: Underwater Kills 11.22 refined 10.66 refined IconStrange Part: Unusual-Wearing Player Kills 34.77 refined 34 refined IconGenuine Horace 3 keys, 54.66 refined 3 keys, 40.33 refined IconMaxs Severed Head 26 keys, 54.66 refined 26 keys IconThe Holiday Headcase 32 keys, 4.66 refined 30 keys, 30.33 refined IconB.M.O.C. 11 keys, 45.33 refined 11 keys, 40.33 refined IconThe Ebenezer 1 key, 3.88 refined 1 key, 2 refined IconVintage Bills Hat 37 keys, 24.66 refined 35 keys, 35.33 refined IconSmissmas Caribou 264 keys, 4.66 refined 210 keys, 5.33 refined IconThe Big Kill 9 keys, 4.66 refined 8 keys, 45.33 refined IconVintage Lugermorph 10 keys, 54.66 refined 10 keys, 25.33 refined IconVoodoo Juju 8 keys, 39.66 refined 8 keys, 15.33 refined IconSpine-Chilling Skull 7 keys, 52.66 refined 7 keys, 15.33 refined IconNon-Craftable Spine-Chilling Skull 2011 4 keys, 50 refined 4 keys IconTowering Pillar Of Summer Shades 65 keys, 34.66 refined 60 keys, 15.33 refined IconNon-Craftable Summer Hat 26 keys, 54.66 refined 25 keys, 15.33 refined IconNon-Craftable Lucky No. 42 6 keys, 4.66 refined 5 keys, 48.33 refined IconNon-Craftable Flip-Flops 10 keys, 44.66 refined 9 keys, 35.33 refined IconStrange Australium Scattergun 42 keys, 4.66 refined 41 keys IconStrange Australium Force-A-Nature 16 keys, 4.66 refined 15 keys, 15.33 refined IconStrange Australium Rocket Launcher 53 keys, 34.66 refined 52 keys IconStrange Australium Black Box 15 keys, 49.66 refined 15 keys, 15.33 refined IconStrange Australium Flame Thrower 25 keys, 14.66 refined 24 keys, 5.33 refined IconStrange Australium Axtinguisher 9 keys, 39.66 refined 9 keys, 25.33 refined IconStrange Australium Grenade Launcher 21 keys, 54.66 refined 21 keys, 5.33 refined IconStrange Australium Stickybomb Launcher 25 keys 24 keys IconStrange Australium Eyelander 85 keys, 24.66 refined 82 keys, 45.33 refined IconStrange Australium Minigun 25 keys, 49.66 refined 25 keys IconStrange Australium Tomislav 25 keys, 44.66 refined 23 keys, 35.33 refined IconStrange Australium Frontier Justice 17 keys, 19.66 refined 16 keys, 45.33 refined IconStrange Australium Wrench 41 keys, 14.66 refined 40 keys, 5.33 refined IconStrange Australium Blutsauger 7 keys, 51.66 refined 7 keys, 27.33 refined IconStrange Australium Medi Gun 59 keys, 34.66 refined 57 keys, 35.33 refined IconStrange Australium Sniper Rifle 34 keys, 44.66 refined 34 keys IconStrange Australium SMG 11 keys, 4.66 refined 10 keys, 45.33 refined IconStrange Australium Ambassador 12 keys, 14.66 refined 11 keys, 55.33 refined IconStrange Australium Knife 21 keys 20 keys IconStrange Festive Scattergun 40 keys, 14.66 refined 37 keys, 35.33 refined IconStrange Festive Medi Gun 40 keys 34 keys IconStrange Festive Sniper Rifle 28 keys, 24.66 refined 24 keys, 5.33 refined IconSalvaged Crate #30 39 keys, 24.66 refined 35 keys, 40 refined IconSalvaged Crate #40 8 keys, 24.66 refined 7 keys, 15.33 refined IconSalvaged Crate #50 32 keys, 34.66 refined 26 keys, 25.33 refined IconStrange Bacon Grease 50 keys, 24.66 refined 46 keys, 35.33 refined IconStrange Frying Pan 42 keys, 4.66 refined 40 keys IconStrange Kritzkrieg 58 keys 56 keys, 35.33 refined IconStrange Gunslinger 135 keys, 4.66 refined 127 keys, 5.33 refined IconStrange Machina 35 keys 32 keys IconGenuine Ap-Sap 8 keys, 19.66 refined 8 keys, 15.33 refined IconQuarantined Collection Case #96 2 keys, 30.33 refined 2 keys, 29.33 refined IconConfidential Collection Case #97 2 keys 2 keys, 0.33 refined IconGargoyle Key 1 key, 20.66 refined 1 key, 19.66 refined IconGargoyle Case #98 3 keys, 24.66 refined 2 keys, 35.33 refined IconBatsaber 40 keys 37 keys IconTaunt: The Victory Lap 4 keys, 41.66 refined 4 keys, 40.66 refined IconTaunt: The Fubar Fanfare 1 key, 43.66 refined 1 key, 43 refined IconTaunt: The Carlton 1 key, 44.66 refined 1 key, 42.66 refined IconTaunt: The Balloonibouncer 2 keys, 35.33 refined 2 keys, 33.33 refined IconTaunt: Second Rate Sorcery 2 keys, 53.66 refined 2 keys, 50.33 refined IconTaunt: Disco Fever 1 key, 11.66 refined 1 key, 10.33 refined IconMann Co. Audition Reel 1 key, 20.33 refined 1 key, 15.33 refined IconMann Co. Directors Cut Reel 36.66 refined 36 refined IconMayflower Cosmetic Key 1 key, 22.66 refined 1 key, 21.33 refined IconPotassium Bonnet 52 keys, 44.66 refined 50 keys, 45.33 refined IconCatastrophic Companions 34 keys, 29.66 refined 33 keys, 25.33 refined IconStrange C.A.P.P.E.R 38 keys 36 keys IconThe C.A.P.P.E.R 6 keys, 19.66 refined 6 keys, 15 refined IconCivilian Grade Stat Clock 17.66 refined 16.33 refined IconGun Mettle Cosmetic Key 1 key, 27.66 refined 1 key, 25.33 refined IconSmissmas 2015 Festive Gift 2 keys, 13.66 refined 2 keys, 10.33 refined IconGentle Mannes Service Medal 7 keys, 14.66 refined 7 keys, 5.33 refined IconSecret Saxton 3.33 refined 3.11 refined IconTaunt: The Table Tantrum 2 keys, 27.33 refined 2 keys, 25.66 refined IconTaunt: Didgeridrongo 1 key, 45.33 refined 1 key, 44 refined IconTaunt: Scotsmanns Stagger 1 key, 40.66 refined 1 key, 36.33 refined IconAn Extraordinary Abundance of Tinge 2 keys, 1.66 refined 1 key, 49.66 refined IconPink as Hell 2 keys, 12.66 refined 2 keys, 8.33 refined IconThe Taste of Defeat and Lime 2 keys, 12.66 refined 2 keys, 5.33 refined IconStrange Batsaber 140 keys 130 keys IconHead Prize 4 keys, 34.66 refined 4 keys, 5.33 refined IconStrange Head Prize 14 keys, 19.66 refined 13 keys, 5.33 refined IconDead Head 28 keys, 14.66 refined 26 keys, 10.33 refined IconUnlocked Cosmetic Crate Multi-Class 1 key, 26.66 refined 1 key, 25.33 refined IconEnchantment: Eternaween 8.66 refined 7.33 refined IconFestivizer 53.33 refined 51.66 refined IconBounty Hat 18.33 refined 17 refined IconTreasure Hat 2 keys, 15.66 refined 2 keys, 13.66 refined IconHat of Undeniable Wealth and Respect 335 keys, 4.66 refined 280 keys, 35.33 refined IconSummer Claim Check 2.22 refined 1.88 refined IconThe Kritz or Treat Canteen 1 key, 6.66 refined 1 key IconBattery Canteens 4.44 refined 4.33 refined IconMann Co. Store Package 3.11 refined 2.88 refined IconBread Box 9 keys, 44.66 refined 9 keys, 25.33 refined IconTaunt: Yeti Punch 3 keys, 24.66 refined 3 keys, 22.33 refined IconTaunt: Yeti Smash 3 keys, 39.66 refined 3 keys, 35.33 refined IconTaunt: The Headcase 1 key, 48.88 refined 1 key, 48.11 refined IconTaunt: The Russian Arms Race 2 keys, 38.33 refined 2 keys, 37.33 refined IconTaunt: The Soviet Strongarm 2 keys, 48.33 refined 2 keys, 47 refined IconTaunt: The Dueling Banjo 2 keys, 11.33 refined 2 keys, 10.33 refined IconTaunt: The Jumping Jack 1 key, 53.66 refined 1 key, 51.33 refined
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Noise Maker

The Noise Maker is an action item that was introduced during the Scream Fortress Update. When equipped in an action slot and used, a noise is played to all the other players on a server. Most Noise Makers have multiple unique sounds that can randomly play when used, with the exception of "Stabby", which has only one possible sound.

Each Noise Maker, aside from "TF Birthday" and "Winter Holiday", can only be used 25 times and is then removed from the player's backpack.

Noise Makers

Scream Fortress Update

Halloween Noise Makers could only be purchased from the Mann Co. Store during the Scream Fortress Update event. There were eight Noise Makers, one of which was unused. The seven usable Noise Makers could be purchased as a pack.

Shogun Pack

Noise Makers introduced with the Shogun Pack. Players who pre-purchased Total War: SHOGUN 2 on Steam before March 15, 2011, were awarded with a Genuine Noise Maker - Koto. A second Noise Maker was added, but was unused.

View listings on the Steam Community Market

Japan Charity Bundle

Noise Makers introduced with the Japan Charity Bundle. The Noise Makers were purchasable before April 6, 2011. There were three Noise Makers, one of which was unused. The sound files for the unused Noise Maker are present in the game files; however, no noise maker item exists to use them and as such they were not included in the Charity Bundle.

Summer Camp Sale

Noise Maker introduced with the Summer Camp Sale. It was available for purchase until July 11, 2011.

Team Fortress Birthday

Backpack Noise Maker - TF Birthday.png

Noise Maker - TF Birthday
Level 5 Party Favor
Holiday Restriction: TF Birthday
Unlimited use

( Not Tradable or Marketable )

The TF Birthday Noise Maker was introduced with the August 23, 2011 Patch and is awarded to all players who play during Team Fortress'birthday celebration, from the 15th anniversary onwards, along with the Party Hat. Like the Winter Holiday Noise Maker, it has unlimited uses but cannot be used outside of the Team Fortress birthday event, though servers that have Birthday mode enabled can bypass this restriction. The icon on its button resembles the cake icon from Portal, albeit with its cherry removed.

Manniversary Update & Sale

The Vuvuzela Noise Maker was introduced in the Manniversary Update & Sale on October 13, 2011 Patch. This was awarded in Genuine quality to those who pre-ordered Football Manager 2012. This Noise Maker has 25 uses.

Buy Now - $1.99 / £1.45 / 1.70€

View listings on the Steam Community Market

Australian Christmas 2011

Backpack Noise Maker - Winter Holiday.png

Noise Maker - Winter Holiday
Level 5 Party Favor
Holiday Restriction: Smissmas
Unlimited use

The Winter Holiday Noise Maker was introduced in the Australian Christmas 2011 update on December 15, 2011 Patch. This item is awarded to all players who play during any Smissmas event, beginning with the Australian Christmas 2011 event. When used, snow particles will burst out from the player that is using the Noise Maker. This Noise Maker has unlimited uses, but is restricted to the Smissmas holiday.

Noise Maker - Winter HolidayBackpack Noise Maker - Winter Holiday.pngPictogram tick.png  Distributed

Update history

October 27, 2010 Patch(Scream Fortress Update)
  • Added Noise Makers
    • Added the Banshee, Black Cat, Crazy Laugh, Gremlin, Stabby, Witch, Werewolf, and (unused) Spooky Noise Makers.
    • Added the Noise Maker Bundle to the Mann Co. Store.

November 19, 2010 Patch

  • Fixed Noise Makers no longer working.

February 3, 2011 Patch

  • Fixed seeing a badge on the player when a noisemaker is equipped.

March 10, 2011 Patch (Shogun Pack)

  • Added the Koto Noise Maker and (unused) Yell Noise Maker.

March 15, 2011 Patch

  • The Koto Noise Maker is now able to be traded along with all Shogun Pack items.

March 23, 2011 Patch (Japan Charity Bundle)

  • Added the Bell, Gong and (unused) Prayer Bowl Noise Makers to support the American Red Cross relief operations in Japan.

April 7, 2011 Patch

April 14, 2011 Patch (Hatless Update)

  • Fixed infinite noisemakers exploit where noisemakers could continue to be used after their charges had run out

July 1, 2011 Patch (Summer Camp Sale)

  • Added the Fireworks Noise Maker (limited time store item).

December 2011, [Item schema update]

  • Removed the Fireworks Noise Maker from the Mann Co Store.

August 23, 2011 Patch

  • Added TF Birthday Noise Maker.

October 13, 2011 Patch (Manniversary Update & Sale)

  • Added Vuvuzela Noise Maker.

October 25, 2011 Patch

December 15, 2011 Patch

  • Added Winter Holiday Noise Maker.

August 23, 2012 Patch

  • Birthday mode enabled. Users can log in to receive a Birthday Noise Maker, if they don't have one already.

December 22, 2014 Patch (Smissmas 2014)

  • Item grants from previous events (including the Winter Holiday noise maker) have been re-enabled for all players, including those who deleted their earlier grants.

Unused content

Noise Makers that are unused and unobtainable.


  • The sound for "Stabby" is a reference to the famous "shower scene" in the 1960 psychological thriller Psycho by Alfred Hitchcock.
  • The Koto is a traditional Japanese musical instrument, and is also the national instrument of Japan.
  • The vuvuzela is a traditional African instrument that became associated with football during the 2010 World Cup, which was hosted by South Africa. The noise generated in the stadiums by the Vuvuzela became a controversial and memorable part of the event.
  • The sounds added for Noise Maker - Fireworks were later reused on the map Pier after fireworks are triggered from the Payload explosion.


  • "Noise Maker" particle effect

  • "Noise Maker" particle effect

Sours: v2.05

- Added the Crimson Cache Case and the Scream Fortress XIII War Paint Case

- Added new unusualifiers for the 5 taunts added in TF2's Scream Fortress XIII update

- Added Scream Fortress XIII to event mode

- Updated translations

- Added the Summer 2021 Cosmetic Case

- In-between v2.03 and v2.04: Added Czech, Hungarian and Romanian translations. Thank you [CZ]Đanieł, DaWe and Retro!

- Added search function to grid view. Press Enter during search to select the first crate from the results.

- Reimplemented keyboard shortcuts for switching crates in details mode (use Left/Right arrow keys or A/D keys)

- Strange Sandviches from crate #103 are much more rare now

- Winter cases can no longer contain more than 1 Festivizer

- Updated translations

- Fixed bug that allowed you to rapid-unbox when fast unboxing is turned off

- Fixed image and typo for Taunt: Scorcher's Solo

- Added the Winter 2020 Cosmetic Case and the Winter 2020 War Paint Case

- Renamed "Halloween mode" to "Event mode"

- Added Smissmas 2019 and 2020 to event mode

- Added unusualifiers for taunts added in the Smissmas 2020 update

- Fixed Halloween events affecting the wrong crates/cases

- Hats from the Sniper vs. Spy update are no longer unboxable in Unusual quality by default

- Added option to reenable Unusual Sniper vs. Spy update hats in crates added before the TF2 January 25th 2013 update

- Fixed the EOTL glitched Unusuals option not working properly

- Added bonus drops and case-exclusive bonus drops in eligible crates/cases

- Added more general statistics

- Added new options for Extreme Crate Depression mode (always unbox Stranges, items of specified grade, pro killstreak kits, bonus items)

- Added "Pause unboxing after getting certain items" option

- Added AMOLED theme

- Added bulk unboxing

- Added bonus strangifiers and killstreak kits to Unlocked Creepy Crates

- Added unusualifers unboxed and single/double/triple bonus items unboxed stats

- Added Halloween mode option

- Added option to reenable glitched Unusuals in the End of the Line Community Crate

- Added item links to Steam Market, and

- Added rapid unboxing for mouse and touch (hold the "unbox again" button in the crate results screen)

- Added loading screen

- Added Brazilian Portuguese translation. Thanks, HELLNICKELL!

- Added French translation. Thanks, rocket!

- Updated existing translations. Thanks, deluxghost!

- Killstreak Kits can now also be unboxed in Specialized and Professional qualities (25% and 10% chance respectively)

- Unusuals now have a 0.66% chance of being unboxed (instead of 1%)

- Crates now track the amount of unusuals and bonus items unboxed from them

- Strange skins/war paint now display as items with strange stat clocks attached

- Adjusted unbox rates for graded items (Mercenary: from 79% to 80%, Commando - from 15% to 16%, Assassin - from 4% to 3.2%, Elite - from 1% to 0.8%)

- The unusuals tab in statistics now displays only 200 unusuals at a time

- Redesigned interface

- Almost all code has been rewritten

- Improved performance

- Removed Hunter Heavy, Coldfront Curbstompers and Sleeveless in Siberia from the shared Unusual item pool

- Removed item chance stat on results screen

- Removed "show all items in stats" option (can be reenabled by setting showAllItems to true in browser console)

- Many other small tweaks, improvements and changes

- Added the Wicked Windfall Case and the Scream Fortress XII War Paint Case

- TF2 Unboxer is now!

- Migrated site to a new domain, from to

- Added the Summer 2020 Cosmetic Case

- Fixed not being able to unbox Elite grade Unusuals

- Added the Winter 2019 Cosmetic Case and the Winter 2019 War Paint Case

- Added the Spooky Spoils Case

- Added Extreme Crate Depression Mode

- Added Simplified Chinese support - thanks, deluxghost!

- Fixed some item name typos

- Added 10 Unlocked Cosmetic Crates (found between the Mayflower Cosmetic Case and the Mann Co. Supply Munition #103)

- For first time users, TF2 Unboxer will now display in user's most preferred language that is supported

- Site language is now saved between sessions

- The Space key can now be used to unbox crates in the same way as the Enter key

- Fixed an issue where unboxing an unusual could disable keyboard shortcuts in some cases

- Added the Summer 2019 Cosmetic Case

- Double-checked all crates to ensure they won't ruin the whole economy again

- Fixed keyboard shortcuts not being enabled/disabled in specific situations

- On the crate select screen, names of items that have a grade are now colored

- Slightly improved unboxing countdown

- Added missing Polish text

- Minor interface changes

- Added the Winter 2018 Cosmetic Case

- Added multiple languages support

- Added Polish language

- Added Gen 1 and Gen 2 effects to crates #88 - #92 and #103

- Added 2 keyboard shortcuts: press Enter to unbox a crate and press A/D or left/right arrow keys to switch between crates.
You can hold the buttons for rapid unboxing/switching.

- Unusuals with a higher grade are now more rare than unusuals with a lower grade

- Fixed being unable to unbox strange unusuals from cosmetic cases

- Performance improvements

- Changed between v1.1 and v1.02: Replaced the Discord server with a Steam group

- Added Gen 1, Gen 2 and Gen 3 effects to all cosmetic cases

- Tweaked Invasion update cases: Invasion update effects have a 5x bigger chance to be unboxed compared to any Gen 1, 2, 3 effect

- Tweaked Unlocked Creepy Crates, so only either Unique or Strange Haunted items can be unboxed

- Tweaked item chances for the Civilian grade keyless cases

- Removed the "Terror-Watt" effect from Unlocked Creepy Crates

- Added "Unboxes since last unusual" stat

- Changed unboxing sound for the Winter 2016 and 2017 cosmetic cases

- Fixed wrong item unbox chances, which prevented unboxing unusuals from certain crates

- Initial release


2019 tf2 summer crate

Team Fortress 2

2007 first-person shooter video game

2007 video game

Team Fortress 2
Tf2 standalonebox.jpg

Box art, depicting eight of the nine playable characters. From left to right: the Medic, the Scout, the Soldier, the Heavy (in focus), the Demoman, the Spy, the Engineer, and the Pyro. Not pictured: the Sniper.

Composer(s)Mike Morasky

October 10, 2007

  • Windows, Xbox 360(The Orange Box)
    • NA: October 10, 2007
    • EU: October 18, 2007
    • AU: October 25, 2007
  • PlayStation 3(The Orange Box)
    • AU: November 22, 2007
    • EU: November 23, 2007
    • NA: December 11, 2007
  • Mac OS X
  • Linux
Genre(s)First-person shooter
Mode(s)Single-player, multiplayer

Team Fortress 2 is a multiplayer first-person shooter game developed and published by Valve Corporation. It is the sequel to the 1996 Team Fortressmod for Quake and its 1999 remake, Team Fortress Classic. The game was released in October 2007 as part of The Orange Box for Microsoft Windows and the Xbox 360, and was later ported to the PlayStation 3 in December 2007.[1][2] It was released as a standalone title for Windows in April 2008, and was updated to support Mac OS X in June 2010 and Linux in February 2013. It is distributed online through Valve's digital retailer Steam, with Electronic Arts managing all physical or console editions of the game.

Players join one of two teams, RED and BLU, and choose one of nine character classes to play as in game modes such as capture the flag and king of the hill. Development was led by John Cook and Robin Walker, the developers of the original Team Fortress mod. Team Fortress 2 was announced in 1998 under the name Team Fortress 2: Brotherhood of Arms. Initially, the game had more realistic, militaristic visuals and gameplay, but this changed over the protracted nine years of development. After Valve released no information for six years, Team Fortress 2 regularly featured in Wired News' annual vaporware list among other ignominies.[3] The finished Team Fortress 2 has cartoon-like visuals influenced by the art of J. C. Leyendecker, Dean Cornwell, and Norman Rockwell,[4] and uses Valve's Source game engine.

Team Fortress 2 has received critical acclaim for its art direction, gameplay, humor, and use of character in a wholly multiplayer game.[5][6][7][8] Valve continues to release new content on a seasonal basis in the form of submissions made through the Steam Workshop. In June 2011, the game became free-to-play, supported by microtransactions for in-game cosmetics. A 'drop system' was also added and refined, allowing free-to-play users to periodically receive in-game equipment and items. Though the game has had an unofficial competitive scene since its release, both support for official competitive play through ranked matchmaking and an overhauled casual experience were added in July 2016.[9]


A group of RED players attack a BLU base on the map "Well"

In most game modes, BLU and RED compete for a combat-based objective.[6] Players can choose to play as one of nine character classes in these teams, each with their own unique strengths, weaknesses, and weapon sets. In order to accomplish objectives efficiently, a balance of these classes is required due to how these strengths and weaknesses interact with each other in a team-based environment. Although the abilities of a number of classes have changed from earlier Team Fortress incarnations, the basic elements of each class have remained, that being one primary weapon, one secondary weapon, and one melee weapon.[10][11] The game was released with six official maps, although over one hundred maps have since been included in subsequent updates, including community-created maps.[12][13] When players choose a gamemode for the first time, an introductory video is played, showing how to complete its objectives. During matches, the Administrator,[14] voiced by Ellen McLain, announces events over loudspeakers.[15] The player limit for one match is sixteen on the Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3, and twenty-four on the Windows edition.[16] However, in 2008, the Windows edition was updated to include a server variable that allows for up to thirty-two players.[17]

Team Fortress 2 is the first of Valve's multiplayer games to provide detailed statistics for individual players, such as the total amount of time spent playing as each class, most points obtained, and most objectives completed in a single life. Persistent statistics tell the player how they are performing in relation to these statistics, such as if a player comes close to their record for the damage inflicted in a round.[12]Team Fortress 2 also features numerous achievements for carrying out certain tasks, such as achieving a certain number of kills or completing a round within a certain time. Sets of class-specific achievements have been added in updates, which can award weapons to the player upon completion. This unlockable system has since been expanded into a random drop system, whereby players can also obtain items simply by playing the game.[18]

Game modes

Core game modes

Team Fortress 2 contains five core game modes.

  • Attack/Defend (A/D) is a timed game mode in which the BLU team's goal is to capture RED control points. The number of control points varies between maps, and the points must be captured by the BLU team in respective order. To capture a control point, a player must stand on it for a certain amount of time. This process can be sped up by more players on one team capturing a single point. Once a control point is captured by the BLU team, it cannot be re-captured by the RED team. The RED team's job is to prevent the BLU team from capturing all the control points before the time limit ends. Once a point is captured, the time limit will extend.[19]
  • Capture the Flag (CtF) is a mode which revolves around the BLU and RED teams attempting to steal and capture the opposing team's flag, represented in-game as an intelligence briefcase. At the same time, both teams must defend their own intelligence. When the intelligence is dropped by the carrier – either by dying or dropping it manually, it will stay on the ground for 1 minute before returning to its original location if it is not picked up again. A team's intelligence can only be carried by the opposing team. The first team to capture the enemy's intelligence three times wins.[20]
  • Control Points (CP) is a timed game mode where there are several control points placed around the map, with 3 or 5 control points in total depending on the map. These are referred to as "3CP" and "5CP," respectively. The game will start off with only the middle control point being available for capture, with the other control points split equally among both teams. Once this middle control point is captured, a team can begin capturing the enemy team's points in respective order. The time limit is extended on the capture of a control point by either team. For a team to win, they must capture all the control points within the time limit.[19]
  • King of the Hill (KOTH) is a timed game mode that contains a single control point at the middle of the map that can be captured by both the RED and BLU teams. Upon capturing the control point, a team-specific timer starts counting down but stops upon the point being captured by the opposing team. The first team to have their timer count down to 0 wins.[21]
  • Payload is a timed game mode where the BLU team must push an explosive cart along a track, while the RED team must prevent the cart from reaching their base. To push the cart, at least one BLU player must stay within the range of the cart, which will dispense health and ammo every few seconds. The cart's speed will increase as more BLU players attempt to push it. Payload maps have multiple "checkpoints" along the track. Once these checkpoints are captured, they may adjust the spawn locations of both teams. Capturing a checkpoint will also increase the time limit. If the cart is not pushed by the BLU team for 20 seconds, it will begin to move back to the last captured checkpoint, where it will stop. The RED team can stop the cart from being pushed by being within range of it. The RED team wins by preventing the cart from reaching the final checkpoint before time runs out.[22]

Alternative game modes

There are several alternative game modes in Team Fortress 2. These modes consist of a small number of maps and detach from the core game modes in some way.

  • Arena is a special game mode in which players do not respawn upon death. A team can win either by eliminating all opposing players, or by claiming a single capture point that opens after a certain time has elapsed.[23] This mode is currently unavailable through matchmaking, but is still accessible through community servers.
  • Mannpower is a mode in which players have access to a grappling hook and assorted power-ups laid around the map that grant unique abilities.[24] While not bound to any specific mode, all current official Mannpower maps use a variation of Capture the Flag. In Mannpower's variation of Capture the Flag, both teams have an intelligence flag, and the first team to capture the enemy's intelligence ten times wins. The mode is heavily inspired by the Quake mod, Threewave CTF, a mod created by former Valve employee David Kirsch.[25]
  • Medieval Mode is a mode in which players are restricted to using melee and support weapons, with certain exceptions for medieval-themed projectile weapons.[26] While not bound to any specific mode, the only official Medieval Mode map uses a 3CP variation of Attack/Defend. If Medieval Mode is enabled on a map, select phrases spoken by players in the in-game text chat will be replaced with more thematic variants, such as "hello" being replaced with "well meteth".
  • PASS Time is a unique timed game mode inspired by rugby, developed by Valve, Bad Robot Interactive, and Escalation Studios.[27] Three unique goals (the Run-In, Throw-In, and Bonus Goals) are placed on each team's side of the map. A single ball called the JACK will spawn at the center of the map, and players must pick it up and carry it to the opposing team's side. Players can score a goal by either carrying the JACK to a Run-In Goal or by throwing the JACK through the Throw-In Goal. Three goals can be scored by throwing the JACK through the Bonus Goal, which is much more difficult to score. To win, a team must either score five goals, or have the most goals when the timer runs out.
  • Payload Race, like Payload, has the main objective being to push a cart to a final checkpoint. Unlike Payload, both the RED and BLU teams are fighting to push their cart to the final checkpoint. There is only one checkpoint for each track, and there is no time limit. The team to reach their checkpoint first wins.[28]
  • Player Destruction is a community-made game mode in which a player's death causes a pickup to appear. The first team to collect a set number of pickups and deliver them to a drop-off point wins the game. The players on each team with the most pickups are highlighted for everyone to see, and gain a passive healing effect for themselves and any nearby teammates.
  • Special Delivery is a mode similar to Capture the Flag, but there is only one neutral briefcase that can be picked up both the RED and BLU teams. Upon a team picking up the briefcase, the opposing team will be unable to pick up the briefcase until it has been dropped for 45 seconds and respawns as a neutral briefcase. A team wins by carrying the briefcase onto a loading platform, which will gradually rise until the platform reaches its peak.[29]
  • Territorial Control consists of several control points spread out across a single map. Like Control Points, each point can be captured by either the RED or BLU teams. Unlike Control Points, only two points are accessible at a single time. Upon a team's successful capture of a point, the "stage" ends and the accessible capture points change. When a team only has control of a single control point, they are blocked from capturing the opposing team's control point and the team must wait until the time limit is up and the accessible capture points change. A team wins by capturing all the control points.[19]

Other game modes

These modes are not categorized with the other modes, and instead have their own separate sections in the game.

Halloween Mode is a special mode that is enabled during the Halloween season, and allows the players access to more than 20 maps, Halloween-exclusive cosmetics, and challenges. For example, Halloween 2012 included a difficult Mann vs. Machine mission involving destroying more than 800 enemy forces.[30] Owing to popular demand of the Halloween events, Valve later added the Full Moon event, an event that triggers around every full moon phase throughout the year, which allows players to equip Halloween-exclusive cosmetics. In 2013, Valve introduced an item called Eternaween, and upon use, allows players of a specific server to use Halloween-exclusive cosmetics for 2 hours.[31]

Mann vs Machine, also known as MvM, is a cooperative game mode where players must defend their base from waves of robots modeled after all nine playable classes, and slow-moving tanks carrying bombs. Robots and tanks drop a currency referred to as Credits upon their death, which players can use to buy upgrades for themselves or their weapons. The players win upon successfully defending their base from the bomb until the last wave.[32] A paid version of this game mode called "Mann Up" is also available, where players buy tickets to play "Tours of Duty", a collection of missions with the chance to win unique cosmetics and weapon skins upon completion.[33]

Offline Practice Mode is just like any other multiplayer match, but it only consists of the player and bots. The number of bots, their difficulty, and the map can all be adjusted to a player's preference, though only a select amount of maps are available to play.[34][35][36]

Training Mode exists to help new players get acquainted with basic controls, and teaches them the basics of four of the nine classes. It uses wooden dummies and bots to teach players the basic mechanics of classes and the game.[34]

Classes and characters

From left to right: Pyro, Engineer, Spy, Heavy, Sniper, Scout, Soldier, Demoman, and Medic

Team Fortress 2 features nine playable classes, evenly split and categorized into "Offense", "Defense", and "Support".[12] Each class has strengths and weaknesses and must work with other classes to be efficient, encouraging strategy and teamwork.[37] Each class has at least three default weapons: a primary weapon, secondary weapon, and melee weapon. Some classes have additional slots for PDAs.


  • The Soldier (Rick May) is an American jingoisticpatriot from the Midwest who stylizes himself as a military man despite having never served in any branch of the Armed Forces. The Soldier is armed by default with a rocket launcher, a shotgun, and a folding shovel.[39] He is both the second-slowest class in the game and the class with the second-highest health, after the Heavy Weapons Guy. The Soldier can use his rocket launcher to rocket jump to other locations at the cost of some health.


  • The Heavy Weapons Guy, or simply the Heavy, (Schwartz) is a large Russian man from the Dzhugdzhur Mountains of the USSR. He is heavy in stature and accent, and is obsessed with firepower. He is the slowest class, and can both sustain and deal substantial amounts of damage. His default weapons consist of a minigun that he affectionately refers to as "Sasha", a shotgun, and his fists.[43]
  • The Engineer (Grant Goodeve) is an American inventor, engineer, intellectual, and "good ol' boy" from Bee Cave, Texas.[44] The Engineer can build structures to support his team: a sentry gun for defending key points, a health and ammunition dispenser, and a pair of teleporter modules (one entrance and one exit).[40] The Engineer is armed by default with a shotgun, a pistol, a wrench that functions as both a melee weapon and to repair and upgrade his buildings, and two separate PDAs; one to erect his buildings and one to remotely destroy them.


  • The Medic (Robin Atkin Downes) is a Germandoctor from Stuttgart with little regard for the Hippocratic Oath.[45] He is equipped with a "Medi Gun" that can restore health to injured teammates. When healing teammates, the Medi Gun progressively builds an "ÜberCharge" meter, which, when fully charged, can be activated to provide the Medic and his patient with temporary invulnerability. The Medic is also equipped with a syringe gun and a bonesaw for situations in which he must fight without his teammates' protection.[46][40] He keeps doves as pets, one of which is named Archimedes.
  • The Spy (Bateman) is a French covert operative whose equipment is designed for stealth and infiltration, including a cloaking device disguised as a wristwatch, an electronic sapper, used to disable and destroy enemy Engineers' buildings, and a device hidden in his cigarette case that enables him to disguise himself as any player on either team. He is armed with a revolver and a butterfly knife, able to use the latter to instantly kill enemies by stabbing them in the back.[40] He is the only character who does not wear any clothing in his team's bright color or a patch denoting his specialty, instead preferring a balaclava, business suit, necktie, and gloves in muted team-color hues.

Non-playable characters

Other characters include the Administrator (voiced by Ellen McLain), an unseen announcer who provides information about time limits and objectives to players, and her assistant Miss Pauling (Ashly Burch). The cast has expanded with Halloween updates, including the characters of the Horseless Headless Horsemann and MONOCULUS (Schwartz). 2012 and 2013 saw the addition of Merasmus, the Bombinomicon, and Redmond, Blutarch, and Zepheniah Mann (all played by Nolan North). Previous unused voicelines recorded by North were later used for a Horseless Headless Horsemann seen in the 2019 map "Laughter" and a jack-o'-lantern resting atop the Payload cart in the 2020 map "Bloodwater". The character Davy Jones (voiced by Calvin Kipperman)[48] made an appearance in the 2018 map "Cursed Cove".

In the video announcement for the "Jungle Inferno" update, Mann Co. CEO Saxton Hale is voiced by JB Blanc.[49]

Competitive play

Team Fortress 2 is played competitively, through multiple leagues. The North American league, ESEA, supports a paid Team Fortress 2 league, with $42,000 in prizes for the top teams in 2017.[50][51][52]Team Fortress 2 is played competitively in many formats, such as Highlander (nine players per team, one of each class), Prolander (7v7) and 6v6.[53][54][55] While formalized competitive gameplay is very different from normal Team Fortress 2, it offers an environment with a much higher level of teamwork than in public servers. Most teams use voice chat to communicate, and use a combination of strategy, communication, and aiming ability to win against other teams. Community-run competitive leagues also tend to feature restrictions such as item bans and class limits. These leagues are often supported by Valve via in-game medals (which are submitted via the Steam Workshop) and announcements on the official blog.[53][54][56]

In April 2015, Valve announced that a dedicated competitive mode would be added to Team Fortress 2, utilizing skill-based matchmaking;[57] closed beta testing began in the following year.[58] The competitive mode was added in the "Meet Your Match" update, released on July 7, 2016.[59] Ranked matches are played six-vs-six, with players ranked in thirteen tiers based on win/losses and an assessment of their skills.[60] Ranked matchmaking will balance players based on their tiers and rating. A similar matchmaking approach has been added for casual games for matches of 12-vs-12 players. In order to join competitive matchmaking, players must have associated their Steam account with the Steam Guard Mobile Authenticator, as well as having a Team Fortress 2 "premium account", which is unlocked by either having bought the game before it went free-to-play or by having made an in-game item purchase since.[61]



The original Team Fortress was developed by Robin Walker and John Cook as a free mod for the 1996 PC game Quake. In 1998, Walker and Cook were employed by Valve, which had just released its first game, Half-Life. Valve began developing Team Fortress 2 as a standalone retail game using Valve's GoldSrc engine.[62] In 1999, Valve released Team Fortress Classic, a port of the original Team Fortress, as a free Half-Life mod.[63]Team Fortress Classic was developed using the publicly available Half-Lifesoftware development kit as an example to the community and industry of its flexibility.[64]

Team Fortress 2originally featured a realistic visual style

In contrast to the original Team Fortress, Valve originally planned Team Fortress 2 to have a modern war aesthetic. It would feature a command hierarchy including a Commander class, parachute drops over enemy territory, networked voice communication, and numerous other innovations.[65] The Commander class played similarly to a real-time strategy game, with the player viewing the game from a bird's-eye perspective and issuing orders to players and AI-controlled soldiers.[65]

Team Fortress 2 was first shown at E3 1999,[66] where Valve showcased new technologies including parametric animation, which blended animations for smoother, more lifelike movement,[67] and Intel's multi-resolution mesh technology, which dynamically reduced the detail of distant on-screen elements to improve performance.[67] The game earned several awards including Best Online Game and Best Action Game.[66]

In mid-2000, Valve announced that Team Fortress 2 had been delayed for a second time.[68] They attributed the delay to development switching to its new in-house engine, Source. Following the announcement, Valve released no news on the game for six years.[69] Walker and Cook worked on various other Valve projects; Walker was project lead on Half-Life 2: Episode One[70] and Cook worked on Valve's content distribution platform Steam.[71]Team Fortress 2 became a prominent example of vaporware, a long-anticipated game that had seen years of development, and was often mentioned alongside another much-delayed game, Duke Nukem Forever.[3] Walker said that Valve built "three to four" different versions of Team Fortress 2 before settling on their final design.[72] Shortly before the release of Half-Life 2 in 2004, Valve's marketing director Doug Lombardi confirmed that Team Fortress 2 was still in development.[10]

BLU base on 2Fort

Final design

Valve reintroduced Team Fortress 2 at the July 2006 EA Summer Showcase event with a drastically different visual design.[10] Departing from the realistic visual design of other Valve games, Team Fortress 2 features a cartoon-like visual style influenced by 20th-century commercial illustrations[11][73] and the artwork of J. C. Leyendecker, Dean Cornwell, and Norman Rockwell,[4] achieved through Gooch shading.[74] The game debuted with the Source engine's new dynamic lighting, shadowing and soft particle technologies alongside Half-Life 2: Episode Two. It was the first game to implement the Source engine's new Facial Animation 3 features.[75]

Valve abandoned the realistic style when it became impossible to reconcile it with the unrealistic gameplay, with opposing armies having constructed elaborate bases directly next to each other. The Commander class was abandoned as players would simply refuse to follow the player's orders.

Valve designed each character, team, and equipped weapon to be visually distinct, even at range; for example, the coloring draws attention to the chest area, bringing focus on the equipped weapon.[77] The voices for each of the classes were based on imagining what people from the 1960s would expect the classes to have sounded like, according to writer Chet Faliszek.[78]

The map design has an "evil genius" theme with archetypical spy fortresses, concealed within inconspicuous buildings such as industrial warehouses and farms to give plausibility to their close proximities; these bases are usually separated by a neutrally themed space. The bases hide exaggerated super weapons such as laser cannons, nuclear warheads, and missile launch facilities, taking the role of objectives. The maps have little visual clutter and stylized, almost impressionistic modeling, to allow enemies to be spotted more easily. The impressionistic design approach also affects textures, which are based on photos that are filtered and improved by hand, giving them a tactile quality and giving Team Fortress 2 its distinct look. The bases are designed to let players immediately know where they are. RED bases use warm colors, natural materials, and angular shapes, while BLU bases use cool colors, industrial materials, and orthogonal shapes.[77]


During the July 2006 Electronic Arts press conference, Valve revealed that Team Fortress 2 would ship as the multiplayer component of The Orange Box. A conference trailer showcasing all nine of the classes demonstrated for the first time the game's whimsical new visual style. Managing director of Valve Gabe Newell said that the company's goal was to create "the best looking and best-playing class-based multiplayer game".[10] A beta release of the entire game was made on Steam on September 17, 2007, for customers who had pre-purchased The Orange Box, who had activated their Black Box coupon, which was included with the ATI HD 2900XT Graphics cards, and for members of Valve's Cyber Café Program.[79][80] The beta continued until the game's final release.

The game was released on October 10, 2007, both as a standalone product via Steam and at retail stores as part of The Orange Box compilation pack, priced at each gaming platform's recommended retail price. The Orange Box also contains Half-Life 2, Half-Life 2: Episode One, Half-Life 2: Episode Two, and Portal. Valve offered The Orange Box at a ten percent discount for those who pre-purchased it via Steam before the October 10 release, as well as the opportunity to participate in the beta test.[81]


Since the release of Team Fortress 2, Valve has continually released free updates and patches through Steam for Windows, OS X, and Linux users; though most patches are used for improving the reliability of the software or to tweak gameplay changes, several patches have been used to introduce new features and gameplay modes, and are often associated with marketing materials such as comics or videos offered on the Team Fortress 2 website; this blog is also used to keep players up to date with the ongoing developments in Team Fortress 2.[82] As of July 2012, each class has been given a dedicated patch that provides new weapons, items, and other gameplay changes; these class patches typically included the release of the class's "Meet the Team" video.[41][83][84] Other major patches have included new gameplay modes including the Payload,[46] Payload Race,[85] Training,[86] Highlander,[87] Medieval,[88] and Mann vs. Machine modes.[89] Themed patches have also been released, such as a yearly Halloween-themed event called "Scream Fortress", where players may obtain unique items available only during a set period around the holiday.[90] Other new features have given players the ability to craft items within the game from other items,[91] trade items with other players,[92] purchase in-game items through funds in Steam,[93] and save and edit replay videos that can be posted to YouTube.[94]

Valve has released tools to allow users to create maps, weapons, and cosmetic items through a contribution site; the most popular are added as official content for the game.[95][96] This approach has subsequently created the basis for the Steam Workshop functionality of the software client.[97][98] In one case, more than fifty users from the content-creation community worked with Valve to release an official content update in May 2013, with all of the content generated by these players.[99] Valve reported that as of June 2013, over $10 million has been paid back to over 400 community members that have helped to contribute content to the game, including a total of $250,000 for the participants in the May 2013 patch.[100] To help promote community-made features, Valve has released limited-time events, such as the "Gun Mettle" or "Invasion" events in the second half of 2015, also including the "Tough Break" update in December 2015, in which players can spend a small amount of money which is paid back to the community developers for the ability to gain unique items offered while playing on community-made maps during the event.[101][102][103][104]

Development of the new content had been confirmed (but later quietly cancelled) for the Xbox 360, while development for the PlayStation 3 was deemed "uncertain" by Valve.[105] However, the PlayStation 3 version of Team Fortress 2 received an update that repaired some of the issues found within the game, ranging from graphical issues to online connectivity problems; this update was included in a patch that also repaired issues found in the other games within The Orange Box.[106] The updates released on PC and planned for later release on Xbox 360 include new official maps and game modes, as well as tweaks to classes and new weapons that can be unlocked through the game's achievement system.[107] The developers attempted to negotiate with Xbox 360 developer Microsoft to keep the Xbox 360 releases of these updates free,[108] but Microsoft refused and Valve announced that they would release bundles of several updates together to justify the price.[109] Because of the cost of patching during the seventh generation of video game consoles, Valve has been unable to provide additional patches to the Xbox 360 version since 2009, effectively cancelling development of the console versions.[110]

On June 10, 2010, Team Fortress 2 was released for OS X, shortly after the release of Steam for OS X.[86] The release was teased by way of an image similar to early iPod advertising, showing a dark silhouette of the Heavy on a bright green background, his Sandvich highlighted in his hand.[111] Virtual earbuds, which can be worn when playing on either OS X or Windows once acquired, were given to players playing the game on OS X before June 14,[112] though the giveaway period was later extended to August 16.[113]

On November 6, 2012, Valve announced the release of Team Fortress 2 for Linux as part of a restricted beta launch of Steam on the platform.[114] This initial release of Steam and Team Fortress 2 was targeted at Ubuntu with support for other distributions planned for the future. Later, on December 20, 2012, Valve opened up access to the beta, including Team Fortress 2, to all Steam users without the need to wait for an invitation.[115] On February 14, 2013, Valve announced the full release of Team Fortress 2 for Linux.[116] From then to March 1, anyone who played the game on Linux would receive a free Tux penguin, which can be equipped in-game.

Team Fortress 2 was announced in March 2013 to be the first game to officially support the Oculus Rift, a consumer-grade virtual reality headset. A patch will be made to the client to include a "VR Mode" that can be used with the headset on any public server.[117]

In April 2020, source code for 2018 versions Team Fortress 2 and Counter-Strike: Global Offensive leaked online. This created fears that malicious users would use the code to make remote code execution software and attack servers or players' computers. Several fan projects halted development until the impact of the leak could be determined.[118] Valve confirmed the legitimacy of the code leaks, but stated they do not believe it affects servers and clients running the latest official builds of either game.[119]

On May 1, 2020, a few weeks after the death of the voice actor of the Soldier, Rick May, Valve released an update to Team Fortress 2, adding a tribute to his voicework as the Soldier in the form of a new main menu theme (a rendition of Taps), as well as statues of the Soldier saluting, added to most of the official in-game maps. These statues all featured a commemorative plaque dedicated to May and lasted through the end of the month.[120] One of these statues, appearing on the map "cp_granary", the setting of the "Meet the Soldier" short video, was made permanent.


The logo for the in-game company, Mann Co.

On June 23, 2011, Valve announced that Team Fortress 2 would become free to play. Unique equipment including weapons and outfits would be available as microtransactions through the in-game store, tied through Steam.[121] Walker stated that Valve would continue to provide new features and items free.[121] Walker stated that Valve had learned that the more players Team Fortress 2 had, the more value it had for each player.[121]

The move came a week after Valve introduced several third-party free-to-play games to Steam and stated they were working on a new free-to-play game.[122] Within nine months of becoming free to play, Valve reported that revenue from Team Fortress 2 had increased by a factor of twelve.[123]

2020 bot issues

Since around April 2020, Team Fortress 2 has endured large amounts of bot accounts entering Valve casual matchmaking servers. Though bot accounts had been an issue in Team Fortress 2 for some time prior to this, multiple sources began to report a spike in activity for these bot accounts. The activities of these bots have included forcibly crashing servers, spamming copypastas in the text chats of matches, assuming other players' usernames, and the usage of aimbots.[124][125][126]

On June 16, 2020, Valve responded to this by restricting accounts that have not paid for Mann Co. Store items from the use of voice and text chat in-game.[127] On June 24, players in this category were further restricted from changing their Steam username while connected to any Valve matchmaking server.[128] On June 22, 2021, approximately one year later, additional changes were implemented which aim to discourage bot activity.[129][130]


Valve released promotional videos introducing the in-game characters. Shown here is the Scout's video.

Beginning in May 2007, to promote the game, Valve began a ten-video advertisement series referred to as "Meet the Team". Constructed using Source Filmmaker and using more detailed character models, the series consists of short videos introducing each class and displaying their personalities and abilities. The videos are usually interspersed with simulated gameplay footage. The format of the videos varies drastically; the first installment, "Meet the Heavy", depicts him being interviewed,[43] while "Meet the Soldier" shows the Soldier giving a misinformed lecture on Sun Tzu, a master combatant who supposedly invented fighting. He further confuses this claim with the story of Noah and his Ark. He addresses a row of severed BLU heads, as though he were speaking to raw recruits.[131] The videos were generally released through Valve's official YouTube channels, though in one notable exception, the "Meet the Spy" video was leaked onto YouTube, several days before its intended release.[132][133]

Early "Meet the Team" videos were based on the audition scripts used for the voice actors for each of the classes; the "Meet the Heavy" script is nearly word-for-word a copy of the Heavy's script. Later videos, such as "Meet the Sniper", contain more original material.[134] The videos have been used by Valve to help improve the technology for the game, specifically improving the facial animations, as well as a source of new gameplay elements, such as the Heavy's "Sandvich" or the Sniper's "Jarate".[134] The final video in the Meet the Team series, "Meet the Pyro", was released on June 27, 2012.[135][136] Gabe Newell has stated that Valve used the "Meet the Team" series as a means of exploring the possibilities of making feature film movies themselves. He believes that only game developers themselves have the ability to bring the interesting parts of a game to a film, and suggested that this would be the only manner through which a Half-Life-based movie would be made.[137] A fifteen-minute short, "Expiration Date", was released on June 17, 2014.[138] The shorts were made using Source Filmmaker, which was officially released and has been in open beta as of July 11, 2012.[139]

In more recent major updates to the game, Valve has presented teaser images and online comic books that expand the fictional history of the Team Fortress 2, as part of the expansion of the "cross-media property", according to Newell.[140] In August 2009, Valve brought aboard American comic writer Michael Avon Oeming to teach Valve "about what it means to have a character and do character development in a comic format, how you do storytelling".[140] "Loose Canon", a comic associated with the Engineer Update, establishes the history of RED versus BLU as a result of the last will and testament of Zepheniah Mann in 1890, forcing his two bickering sons Blutarch and Redmond to vie for control of Zepheniah's lands between them; both have engineered ways of maintaining their mortality to the present, waiting to outlast the other while employing separate forces to try to wrest control of the land.[141] This and other comics also establish other background characters such as Saxton Hale, the CEO of Mann Co., the company that provides the weapons for the two sides and was bequeathed to one of Hale's ancestors by Zepheniah, and the Administrator, the game's announcer, that watches over, encourages the RED/BLU conflict, and keeps each side from winning.[142] The collected comics were published by Dark Horse Comics in Valve Presents: The Sacrifice and Other Steam-Powered Stories, a volume along with other comics created by Valve for Portal 2 and Left 4 Dead, and released in November 2011.[143] Cumulative details in updates both in-game and on Valve's sites from 2010 through 2012 were part of a larger alternate reality game preceding the reveal of the Mann vs. Machine mode, which was revealed as a co-op mode on August 15, 2012.[89][144][145]

Valve had provided other promotions to draw players into the game. Valve has held weekends of free play for Team Fortress 2 before the game was made free-to-play.[146] Through various updates, hats and accessories can be worn by any of the classes, giving players an ability to customize the look of their character, and extremely rare hats named "Unusuals" have particle effects attached to it are and are only obtainable through opening "crates" or trading with other players. New weapons were added in updates to allow the player to choose a loadout and play style that best suits them.

Hats and weapons can be gained as a random drop, through the crafting/trading systems, or via cross-promotion: Limited-edition hats and weapons have been awarded for pre-ordering or gaining Achievements in other content from Steam, both from Valve (such as Left 4 Dead 2[147][148] and Alien Swarm) or other third-party games such as Sam & Max: The Devil's Playhouse, Worms Reloaded, Killing Floor, or Poker Night at the Inventory (which features the Heavy class as a character). According to Robin Walker, Valve introduced these additional hats as an indirect means for players to show status within the game or their affiliation with another game series simply by visual appearance.[149]

The Red Pyro, Heavy, and Spy all function as a single playable character in the PC release of Sonic and All-Stars Racing Transformed.[150] The Pyro, Medic, Engineer, and Heavy appear as playable characters in Dungeon of the Endless.[151] The Pyro was added as a henchmen in the game Evil Genius 2.[152]

The game's first television commercial premiered during the first episode of the fifth season of The Venture Bros. in June 2013, featuring in-game accessories that were created with the help of Adult Swim.[153]


The economy of Team Fortress 2 has received significant attention from economists, journalists, and users, due to its relative sophistication and the value of many of its in-game items. It has often been the subject of study.[154] It operates on a system of supply and demand, barter, and scarcity value, akin to many real-world economies such as that of the United States.[155]


In Team Fortress 2, players can trade with others for items including weapons, cosmetics, war paints, taunts, and currency. In 2011, it was reported that the economy of Team Fortress 2 was worth over US$50 million.[156]

Many third-party websites such as and have been created to aid users in trading, as well as track the value of in-game items. Crate keys, crafting metal, and Earbuds (an in-game cosmetic item) are all used as currency, due to their value.[157]

2019 Crate bug

On July 25, 2019, a bug was mistakenly included in an update. It guaranteed players an Unusual cosmetic if they unboxed certain older series of Crates. There is otherwise a 1% chance of obtaining an Unusual from a Crate. This damaged the in-game economy, causing Unusual cosmetics able to be unboxed from these Crates to drop substantially in value. The incident has been nicknamed "The Crate Depression" (a pun on "Crate" and "The Great Depression") by fans. On July 26, 2019, this bug was fixed. Users who received any Unusuals from the bug were restricted from trading them. Valve later announced in an official statement on August 2, 2019, that the first Unusual any player received from the bug is tradable, with any subsequent Unusuals being permanently untradable and only usable by the user who received them.[158]

Item values

Many items within Team Fortress 2 have reached notable real-world values, including the "Burning Flames Team Captain", valued at approximately US$7,000, the "Strange Golden Frying Pan", at approximately US$2,000, and the "Collector's Dead of Night", at approximately US$2,500.[159]


See also: Critical reception of The Orange Box


IGNBest Artistic Design (2007)
  • Best Multiplayer Experience (2007)
  • Best Artistic Direction (2007)
  • Best Multiplayer Game of the Year (2007)
  • Most Unique Art Style (2007)

Team Fortress 2 received widespread critical acclaim, with overall scores of 92/100 "universal acclaim" on Metacritic.[160] Many reviewers praised the cartoon-styled graphics, and the resulting light-hearted gameplay,[7] and the use of distinct personalities and appearances for the classes impressed a number of critics, with PC Gamer UK stating that "until now multiplayer games just haven't had it".[8] Similarly, the game modes were received well, GamePro described the settings as focusing "on just simple fun",[166] while several reviewers praised Valve for the map "Hydro" and its attempts to create a game mode with variety in each map.[6][8] Additional praise was bestowed on the game's level design, game balance and teamwork promotion.[5]Team Fortress 2 has received several awards individually for its multiplayer gameplay[167][168] and its graphical style,[169][170][171] as well as having received a number of "game of the year" awards as part of The Orange Box.[172][173]

Although Team Fortress 2 was well received, its removal of class-specific grenades, a feature of previous Team Fortress incarnations, was controversial amongst reviewers. IGN expressed some disappointment over this,[6] while conversely, PC Gamer UK approved, stating "grenades have been removed entirely—thank God".[8] Some further criticism came over a variety of issues, such as the lack of extra content such as bots[6] (although Valve has since added bots in an update[174]), problems of players finding their way around maps due to the lack of a minimap, and some criticism of the Medic class being too passive and repetitive in his nature.[8] The Medic class has since been re-tooled by Valve, giving it new unlockable weapons and abilities.

With the "Gold Rush Update" in April 2008, Valve had started to add fundamentals of character customization through unlockable weapons for each class, which continued in subsequent updates, most notably the "Sniper vs. Spy Update" in April 2009, which introduced unlockable cosmetic items into the game. Further updates expanded the number of weapons and cosmetics available, but also introduced monetization options, eventually allowing it to go free-to-play. To this end, Team Fortress 2 is considered one of the first games to offer games as a service, a feature which would become more prevalent in the 2010s.[175]


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[TF2] Summer 2019 Case Unboxings!


Rumor has it:

- Inventory images and Steam Community Market links for the Summer 2019 Cosmetic Case have been put together in a nice list here made by /u/DukeBruno123

- Said localization file updates, which are made possible in part by contributions from Translators Like You - Thank You, can be found here:

- This update breaks another new all-time long drought between updates, which this time lasted 72 days (the previous update was on 5/14/19)
- The previous record was 63 days, a stretch earlier this year from 1/22/19 to 3/26/19
- As well, this is just the *9th* update of any kind for the game so far this year

- Size is ~20 MB

Via [url=]HLDS[/url]:

[quote=Valve]- Added the Summer 2019 Cosmetic Case
- Contains 22 new community-contributed items
- Added tournament medals
- Fixed and exploit where pipebombs could not be destroyed or pushed by the enemy team
- Fixed Medi-gun/Wrench items not dropping for the Mann vs. Machine rewards
- Fixed not seeing the team-goal hints during Casual matches
- Fixed a scale problem with the Brazil Fortress Halloween medals
- Updated the localization files[/quote]

Rumor has it:

- Inventory images and Steam Community Market links for the Summer 2019 Cosmetic Case have been put together [url=]in a nice list here[/url] made by /u/DukeBruno123

- Said localization file updates, which are made possible in part by contributions from [url=]Translators Like You - Thank You[/url], can be found here:

- This update breaks another new all-time long drought between updates, which this time lasted 72 days (the previous update was on 5/14/19)
- The previous record was 63 days, a stretch earlier this year from 1/22/19 to 3/26/19
- As well, this is just the *9th* update of any kind for the game so far this year

- Size is ~20 MB

we did it bois


EDIT: Tournament medals added are

  • UGC
  • ozfortress
  • RGB LAN 4
  • National Heavy Boxing League Season 8
  • TF2Maps Ray Of Sunshine 2019
  • RGL
  • BlapBash 2019

[quote=Valve]Added tournament medals[/quote]


EDIT: Tournament medals added are

[*] UGC
[*] ozfortress
[*] RGB LAN 4
[*] National Heavy Boxing League Season 8
[*] TF2Maps Ray Of Sunshine 2019
[*] RGL
[*] BlapBash 2019


They've had so many requests they're just generalising it to tournament medals

[quote=bleghfarec][quote=Valve]Added tournament medals[/quote]

They've had so many requests they're just generalising it to tournament medals

is that fucking ricardo milos soldier hat

is that fucking ricardo milos soldier hat

no fucking way


[quote=Sherwoodfan]is that fucking ricardo milos soldier hat[/quote]


whoa tf2 update! haha game isn't dead

whoa tf2 update! haha game isn't dead

Finally no more 2017 crate drops

Finally no more 2017 crate drops


*me thinking they're fixing the uber pause glitch* :)


[quote]Fixed Medi-gun...[/quote]
*me thinking they're fixing the uber pause glitch* :)

[quote]...items not dropping for the Mann vs. Machine rewards[/quote]

sticky det bug

all around me are familiar faces

all around me are familiar faces

im gonna flip shit hard big time style if ESL medals arent around the corner

im gonna flip shit hard big time style if ESL medals arent around the corner

133 days since I was banned from RGL because of posting the spy exploit when Valve was probably already working on it :)

133 days since I was banned from RGL because of posting the spy exploit when Valve was probably already working on it :)

how are they fixing every demo bug but the det bug

how are they fixing every demo bug but the det bug


did they not ship yet or do i have to request a push?

[quote=bleghfarec][quote=Valve]Added tournament medals[/quote]
EDIT: Tournament medals added are

[*] RGB LAN 4
did they not ship yet or do i have to request a push?

valve adds them to the game but actual medal distribution is handled by whoever contributed them, so probably just waiting on the contributors

[quote=Gritoma][quote=bleghfarec][quote=Valve]Added tournament medals[/quote]
EDIT: Tournament medals added are

[*] RGB LAN 4
did they not ship yet or do i have to request a push?[/quote]
valve adds them to the game but actual medal distribution is handled by whoever contributed them, so probably just waiting on the contributors



had like 5 people try this and they all got unusuals
wonder what valve will do about it
the crates are like $10 atm

had like 5 people try this and they all got unusuals
wonder what valve will do about it
the crates are like $10 atm

this is lunacy. crate prices are spiking, marketplace tf is holding all unusual sales

what the FUCK valve

this is lunacy. crate prices are spiking, marketplace tf is holding all unusual sales

what the FUCK valve

first update that adds crates in a year and they break unusuals lol

first update that adds crates in a year and they break unusuals lol


I just unboxed these
series 85 crates have 100% unusual drop
get ur hats now before valve fixes this shit

EDIT 2: Just 85 I Have Autims

[quote=Spu]first update that adds crates in a year and they break unusuals lol[/quote]
I just unboxed these
series 85 crates have 100% unusual drop
get ur hats now before valve fixes this shit

EDIT 2: Just 85 I Have Autims

Wolf Blitzer is going to be on CNN tomorrow explaining Miami Nights and Disco Beat Down

Wolf Blitzer is going to be on CNN tomorrow explaining Miami Nights and Disco Beat Down



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