Reddit the road movie

Reddit the road movie DEFAULT

​People Are Sharing The Most Disturbing Films They Have Ever Seen

Sometimes the most disturbing films aren't always the ones you expect - a lesson you learnt the hard way when you first watched Watership Down as a kid.

From Requiem ForA Dream to Midsommar, filmmakers have always loved messing with our heads, often leaving us with a lingering uneasy feeling that we simply can't shift but also cannot explain.

In a recent Reddit thread, movie fans shared the most disturbing films they'd ever seen, with the conversation racking up more than 17, upvotes and thousands of comments.

Some suggested films that you may have heard of such as We Need To Talk About Kevin, the adaption of the novel of the same name by Lionel Shriver.

One Reddit user referred to the film as 'one of the best movies I never want to see again', while another added: "This film has singlehandedly made me never want to become a parent."

Similarly, Italian cannibal flickCannibal Holocaust seemed to crop up a fair bit thanks to its controversial reputation, with Reddit users saying there were 'a lot of f***ed up scenes in that movie', with one saying: "Especially the tortoise scene, it was horrific and not staged."

For those who haven't had the pleasure of watching Cannibal Holocaust, some of the scenes were essentially so graphic that people weren't sure whether the violence shown was staged or genuine - with actors having to come forward to prove they weren't actually dead.

One person suggested Threads, a apocalyptic war drama set in Sheffield, England, writing: "It's the most frightening film ever made. Also consider that it was released at a time when it was a very very likely scenario."

Another chipped in: "My dad was a sound engineer who worked on Threads. He's said it gave him nightmares for years."

There were also mentions for Men Behind The Sun, an exploitation horror film depicting the war atrocities committed against Chinese and Soviet prisoners by the Japanese towards the end of World War II.

Others had painful memories of watching Kids (), a coming-of-age movie starring Leo Fitzpatrick, Justin Pierce, Chloe Sevigny and Rosario Dawson that basically involves a lot of STI-ridden encounters and drugs.

Someone else also spoke about 's The Girl Next Door, saying: "Not the porn one, but the one about [teenage murder victim] Sylvia Likens.

"The true story is even more horrific than the movie. If you have a strong gut I suggest reading the wiki page on that poor child. Easily one of the most horrendous things I've ever heard of."

Agreeing, another said: "This movie left me feeling sick for weeks. I also recommend An American Crime, also based on Sylvia Likens.

"Elliot Page gives one of the best performances I've ever seen playing Sylvia, and it's a little more true to the story. Both films are amazing and deeply disturbing, and like you said, don't even scratch the surface of what Sylvia had to endure."

One other person said they'd watched 'a lot of crazy movies', but one stuck out above the rest.

They wrote: "Irreversible, Saló, A Serbian Film, Lilya 4-Ever, Martyrs, The RoadBut the most disturbing for me personally, was a war movie called Come And See.

"The heaviness lasted for days after."

More like thisSours:
Some film moments are pure nightmare fuel. (Credit: Paramount/New Line Cinema/Laika/Focus Features)

Often, it’s the most disturbing moments of a movie that lodge in the mind. Even if a film isn’t that memorable, a shocking event can instantly make it an indelible piece of work that you’ll remember — whether fondly or otherwise — for years to come.

Read more: Movies where people couldn’t make it to the end

Reddit users have been discussing the most disturbing scenes in movie history this week, serving up a variety of examples — from straight-up horror to unexpectedly depraved family films and dark moments in otherwise perfectly palatable works.

Here are some of the most popular choices from that thread

Pet Sematary ()

Miko Hughes as Gage Creed in 'Pet Sematary'. (Credit: Paramount)

Horror movies always have the capacity to traumatise, especially when people watch them when they’re arguably too young. The most popular comment on this thread — upvoted 27, times — pointed to the scene in the adaptation of Stephen King’s Pet Sematary, in which the reanimated youngster Gage Creed takes a scalpel to the Achilles tendon of kindly neighbour Jud Crandall.

Read more: Best horror movies of

It’s a violent sequence and one which, according to that particular Reddit commenter, meant they always checked under their bed before getting into it. Certainly, the equivalent scene in the Pet Sematary remake did not have quite the same impact.

Zodiac ()

David Fincher depicts the Lake Berryessa attacks in 'Zodiac'. (Credit: Warner Bros)

David Fincher’s sprawling, ambiguous take on the hunt for the Zodiac killer is a film of bleak imagery and the stench of failure, given the fact the serial murderer was never tracked down.

Read more: Jay Baruchel questions true crime obsession

One of the most shocking scenes of the movie depicts the Zodiac’s attack on a young couple at Lake Berryessa in Napa County. He brutally stabs the couple multiple times, with one Reddit commenter pointing out that “the lack of any music while hearing their screams” makes the scene all the more horrifying.

American History X ()

Edward Norton played a violent white supremacist in 'American History X'. (Credit: New Line Cinema)

With its hard-edged depiction of white supremacy and its associated violence, Tony Kaye’s American History X is a tough film to watch at the best of times. There’s no doubt, though, that the most disturbing scene of the entire movie is the moment in which Edward Norton’s increasingly radicalised neo-Nazi Derek confronts a group of Black gang members trying to steal his truck. He shoots one of them dead before subjecting the other to a brutal curb-stomping.

Read more: Movie deaths people can’t forget

It’s a scene so shocking — not least as a result of the grotesque sound design — that the Reddit user who suggested it confessed they have never actually been able to watch it. Once seen, it’s certainly not one that’s easy to forget.

The Road ()

Viggo Mortensen in 'The Road'. (Credit: Dimension Films)

The Road isn’t a movie anyone would choose to watch as part of a comfy night in front of the TV. Depicting a post-apocalyptic society in which just about everyone is untrustworthy and survival is the only priority, the movie follows Viggo Mortensen’s protagonist as he tries to keep his son alive. In one scene, the father and son discover a room full of chained people, being imprisoned as food for a group of cannibals.

It seems at least one Reddit user watched the film when they were far too young and they wrote that the cannibal sequence “really traumatised me when I was young” and left them in tears. The Road certainly isn’t for the faint of heart.

The Matrix ()

Neo (Keanu Reeves) is interrogated in 'The Matrix'. (Credit: Warner Bros)

Pretty much everyone who was around in the 90s saw The Matrix — arguably the definitive cyberpunk movie. Many, however, will remember it as much for its most disturbing scene as for its mind-bending central concept. As Keanu Reeves’s Neo is interrogated by Hugo Weaving as Agent Smith, things take a turn for the Cronenbergian as the movie becomes pure body horror.

Read more: Will Smith regrets turning down The Matrix

The Reddit commenter who suggested the scene said that it “still holds a special, horrible place in my mind”, specifically for the moment in which he loses his mouth and has a robotic probe enter his body through his belly button. Gross stuff.

Se7en ()

Morgan Freeman in 'Se7en'. (Credit: New Line Cinema)

David Fincher’s second entry on this list is for another of his examinations of serial killers and the people trying to hunt them down. Se7en follows Brad Pitt and Morgan Freeman as detectives on the tail of a murderer whose crimes form a twisted crusade inspired by the Seven Deadly Sins. The particular sequence highlighted by a Reddit user was the recounting of the “Lust” murder, in which a man is forced at gunpoint to do horrible things with a sex worker and a blade.

In a film littered with moments of memorable horror — the “Sloth” crime scene could easily have been chosen instead — this man’s tearful recollection of what he was forced to do sticks out as something uniquely vile. It features what is almost certainly the most traumatic Polaroid picture in cinema history.

The Mummy ()

Omid Djalili meets a gruesome end in 'The Mummy'. (Credit: Universal)

Another s classic, Stephen Sommers’s action-adventure take on The Mummy features some scenes that are alarmingly macabre for a PG blockbuster. Many of these scenes feature characters being overwhelmed by burrowing scarab beetles, who attempt to eat them from the inside out.

Read more: Boss of Universal admits the Dark Universe failed

As is the case with so many of the movies on this list, the Reddit user in question saw the film as an eight-year-old and so was ill-prepared for the intense body horror of insects crawling beneath people’s skin. “I still have nightmares once in a while about it 20 years later,” they wrote.

The Brave Little Toaster ()

Kirby swallows his own cord in 'The Brave Little Toaster'. (Credit: ITC Entertainment)

Kids of the s may remember bizarre adventure movie The Brave Little Toaster with a shudder of existential dread. Ostensibly a family animation about talking kitchen appliances, the film has several moments of pure terror. A selection of those moments were brought up during the course of the thread, but the one particularly singled out was the scene in which vacuum cleaner Kirby swallows his own cord in fear and appears to have a seizure until his friends intervene.

Read more: Truly disturbing scenes in family movies

The Reddit user who noted the moment said they “never vacuum over a cord” again after seeing what happened to Kirby as a result of swallowing it. Many of the founding members of Pixar worked on the film and they’d go on to make Toy Story, which told a considerably less horrifying tale of apparently inanimate objects coming to life.

Trainspotting ()

A terrifying hallucination in 'Trainspotting'. (Credit: PolyGram)

New parents should probably steer clear of Trainspotting, which features more than one mortifying moment involving an infant. There is, of course, the infamous scene in which a hallucinating Renton sees an apparition of Sick Boy’s deceased infant crawling on the ceiling. However, the Reddit user who mentioned the movie in relation to this thread instead highlighted the scene in which the baby’s death is first discovered.

Read more: How Edinburgh changed between Trainspotting movies

Many of the users in the thread discussed the horror they felt on realising that the baby had stopped crying. In a movie full of colourful characters and excess, it’s a scene of very real horror that brings the damage of drug use home in traumatic fashion.

Coraline ()

The Other Mother in 'Coraline'. (Credit: Laika/Focus Features)

The debut feature from animation house Laika is memorable for many disturbing images — not least the unforgettable Other Mother. It’s unsurprising, therefore, that one Reddit user cited the movie in this discussion, receiving 14, upvotes. They particularly pointed to the multiple scenes of eye-sewing that take place within the story. Laika has repeatedly shown a fascination with the bizarre and the grotesque, with Coraline firing the depraved starting pistol.

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How One Reddit Community Is Finding the Next Generation of Screenwriters and Novelists

Freelance animator Marcus Kliewer was already having a rough year when the pandemic hit. Supported by a Canadian unemployment program, the Vancouver resident decided to pour his energy into writing short horror stories and posting them on Reddit&#;s r/nosleep community.

The year-old posted his first story of the pandemic in September. Three months later, his work was discovered by Ground Control Entertainment’s Scott Glassgold. In June, Netflix announced a screen-rights deal for his story &#;We Used to Live Here,&#; with Blake Lively attached to star and produce alongside Ground Control and Matt Reeves&#; 6th & Idaho.

&#;If it wasn&#;t for CERB (the unemployment program), I would be landscaping right now,” Kliewer told IndieWire. “Instead, I was writing six days a week full time.”

Kliewer said he also made a two book, high-six-figure deal with a major publishing company; he’s not saying which one, since it’s yet to be announced. The subreddit r/nosleep didn&#;t just give Kliewer his break; it laid the foundation for the career of his dreams.



Kliewer is part of a growing group of writers who find their big breaks through online mediums that largely circumvent traditional industry gatekeepers. Their success is fueled by executives&#; appetite for unicorn IP: material that is proven — in this case, through Reddit upvotes and Kliewer&#;s strong following on the subreddit — but still feels fresh. It&#;s the same phenomenon that led a viral Twitter thread to be adapted into &#;Zola.”

&#;There&#;s a finite number of publishers out there, there&#;s a finite number of film studios and TV studios out there. They can only buy a certain amount. It also requires — whether it&#;s representation and connections or otherwise — steps to even get to those doorsteps,&#; Glassgold said. &#;What these platforms allow for is entry without asking for permission.&#;

Kliewer is the second r/nosleep discovery this year that Glassgold (&#;Prospect&#;) helped turn into a Netflix project. He first read attorney Matt Query&#;s r/nosleep series &#;My Wife & I Bought a Ranch&#; in July, at the suggestion of Query&#;s screenwriter brother and Glassgold collaborator Harrison Query. Less than a week later, the package was the subject of a bidding war; Netflix bought it in a seven-figure deal. Matt Query also landed a publishing deal to turn the story into a novel. Verve repped the Querys, Kliewer, and Ground Control in the negotiations.

&#;My Wife & I Bought a Ranch&#; was the first series Matt Query ever posted to r/nosleep, though he&#;s been a forum reader for a decade. The adaptation also marks his first creative collaboration with his brother, who is penning the script.

&#;I definitely did not expect it to turn into this kind of opportunity,” Matt Query said. “My hopes were that the story would simply be well received by the nosleep community and that maybe those folks would be interested in reading something else from me down the road.”

Launched in , r/nosleep now has million members. That growth coincided with increased critical appreciation of the horror genre and its commercial success. That trend led to the controversial term &#;elevated horror,&#; which refers to stories in which ordinary situations like an interracial couple&#;s family dinner or a summer trip to Sweden lead to situations far more disturbing than jump-scares.

&#;Nosleep is full of stories that are endlessly creative and original, even taking popular tropes and turning them on their head at times. It&#;s the perfect place to find something that&#;s both terrifying and refreshing,&#; r/nosleep moderator Christine Druga said over email. &#;What sets nosleep apart from other horror forums is the Plausibility rule, which I think is another thing that attracts people who want to make these stories something more. Every story has to be based in reality. There are no zombie apocalypses, giant monsters destroying New York, etc. (without an explanation for how it&#;s happening and no one noticed). Every story is told as if it&#;s something that really happened, which ramps up that sense of terror while reading.&#;

Rebecca Klingel is one of r/nosleep&#;s earliest success stories. In , she was working as an insurance underwriter in Phoenix and passing the time writing “creepypasta” — online horror stories — for the subreddit. It wasn&#;t long before she was one of the community&#;s top writers, and filmmaker Mike Flanagan reached out to option two of her stories. Then she got another call from the &#;Doctor Sleep&#; director.

&#;He said &#;I want to know if you want to come out and write a TV show for me and Netflix.&#; I was taking this call in the parking lot at work and I was like &#;I&#;ll start driving now,'&#; she said. &#;I met with Paramount and Amblin over Zoom, they approved of me even though I had never written a script in my life. I was on YouTube looking up &#;How do you write a script? What software do you use?'&#;

That show would become &#;The Haunting of Hill House.&#; She went on to gain representation at WME and write for both the Netflix show&#;s follow-up, &#;The Haunting of Bly Manor,&#; and &#;Borrasca,&#; the Cole Sprouse-starring podcast she created based on one of her r/nosleep stories.

&#;I think it&#;s neat when you do write things on the internet, they&#;re put out into this Wild West and they sink or swim on their own,” Klinger said. “If people respond to certain things, they get very popular and it&#;s really a hunger games of what&#;s entertaining people, what are people responding to?&#;

Internet virality is an indicator, but it’s not always a predictor. In , Clive Barker and Warner Bros. announced a TV series, “Clive Barker’s Creepypastas,” but the concept never made it out of development.

&#;The work still needs to be fantastic,&#; Glassgold said. &#;I think ultimately there&#;s the sizzle of the viral and the steak of the material — if the steak&#;s not there, the people aren&#;t spending the money on the material.&#;

Alex Walton, executive VP advisory for the film group at Endeavor Content, draws parallels between source-book or talent followings that have long helped sell indie projects. He&#;s repping the YA package &#;Perfect Addiction&#; at the Cannes market, based on Claudia Tan&#;s story published on storytelling website Wattpad that garnered 81 million reads in the last six years.

&#;In the indie film space, having an in-built following is a great value add for any project,” Walton said. “Wattpad is a really engaged platform.”

Wattled has been a particularly successful for sourcing YA material; the Netflix hit &#;The Kissing Booth&#; (and its two sequels) are based on a story written by by Beth Reekles, who uploaded the story to Wattpad in when she was

The Kissing Booth 2

&#;The Kissing Booth 2&#;

Marcos Cruz/Netflix

Community engagement — rather than fleeting virality — is perhaps a better analogue to the built-in followings of the paperbacks of yesteryear.

r/nosleep moderator Druga says that&#;s another reason Hollywood is so interested in stories that come out of the forum. It&#;s a community that extends far beyond Reddit; YouTubers frequently record audio narrations of popular stories, or the tales are adapted into podcasts and games.

&#;The fanbase here is super loyal &#; the connection to the audience is unparalleled,&#; Kliewer said. &#;That&#;s why I&#;m never going to stop writing on r/nosleep.&#;

A strong, dedicated community is one of the reasons why startup studio Jumpcut is developing a series based on the popular Facebook group Subtle Asian Traits with writers Ivan Tsang and Justin R. Ching. The group is dedicated to sharing memes and sparking discussions among the Asian diaspora; it was started by a group of Chinese-Australian high schoolers in and has grown to nearly 2 million members and spawned countless offshoot groups and pages.

&#;You can almost scoff at the idea of building a show around a Facebook group,&#; Ching said. &#;But it&#;s much more about adapting the spirit of what the group stands for — the sort of grand tribe, big tent for Asian people around the world.”

Winnie Kemp, Jumpcut&#;s development chief and a former CBS Films executive, said coupling proven IP with fresh stories could soothe industry hesitance about a show with an entirely Asian cast.

“[“Subtle Asian Traits”] gives us this opportunity to tell personal stories, explore the nuances between these different identities, but not scare off the networks because there&#;s this very engaged audience of 2 million people all around the world who are pumped and ready for a show like this,&#; she said. &#;The reality of the situation is making a show like this, without that IP, is pretty near impossible.&#;

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Hans Zimmer

German film composer

Musical artist

Hans Florian Zimmer (German pronunciation: [ˈhans ˈfloːʁi̯aːn ˈtsɪmɐ] (About this soundlisten); born 12 September ) is a German film score composer and record producer. His works are notable for integrating electronic music sounds with traditional orchestral arrangements. Since the s, Zimmer has composed music for over films. His works include The Lion King (for which he won the Academy Award for Best Original Score in ), Crimson Tide, Gladiator, the Pirates of the Caribbean series, The Dark Knight Trilogy, Inception, Interstellar, Dunkirk, and Blade Runner . He has received four Grammy Awards, three Classical BRIT Awards, two Golden Globes, and an Academy Award. He was also named on the list of Top Living Geniuses, published by The Daily Telegraph.[1]

Zimmer spent the early part of his career in the United Kingdom before moving to the United States. He is the head of the film music division at DreamWorks studios and works with other composers through the company that he founded, Remote Control Productions,[2] formerly known as Media Ventures. His studio in Santa Monica, California has an extensive range of computer equipment and keyboards, allowing demo versions of film scores to be created quickly.[3] Zimmer has collaborated on multiple projects with directors including Ridley Scott, Ron Howard, Gore Verbinski, Michael Bay, Guy Ritchie and Christopher Nolan.

Early life[edit]

Zimmer was born in Frankfurt, West Germany. As a young child, he lived in Königstein-Falkenstein, where he played the piano at home but had piano lessons only briefly, as he disliked the discipline of formal lessons.[4] In one of his Reddit AMAs, he said: "My formal training was two weeks of piano lessons. I was thrown out of eight schools. But I joined a band. I am self-taught. But I've always heard music in my head. And I'm a child of the 20th century; computers came in very handy."[5] Zimmer attended the Ecole D'Humanité, an international boarding school in Canton Bern, Switzerland.[6] He moved to London as a teenager, where he attended Hurtwood House school.[7] During his childhood, he was strongly influenced by the film scores of Ennio Morricone and has cited Once Upon a Time in the West as the score that inspired him to become a film composer.[8]

In a speech at the Berlin Film Festival, Zimmer stated that he is Jewish, and talked about his mother surviving World War II thanks to her escape from Germany to England in [9] In an interview with Mashable in February , he said of his parents: "My mother was very musical, basically a musician and my father was an engineer and an inventor. So I grew up modifying the piano, shall we say, which made my mother gasp in horror, and my father would think it was fantastic when I would attach chainsaws and stuff like that to the piano because he thought it was an evolution in technology."[10] In an interview with the German television station ZDF in , he commented: "My father died when I was just a child, and I escaped somehow into the music and music has been my best friend."[11]



Zimmer began his career playing keyboards and synthesizers in the s, with the band Krakatoa.[12] He worked with the Buggles, a new wave band formed in London in with Trevor Horn, Geoff Downes, and Bruce Woolley. Zimmer can be seen briefly in the Buggles' music video for the song "Video Killed the Radio Star".[13] After working with the Buggles, he started to work for the Italian group Krisma, a new wave band formed in with Maurizio Arcieri and Christina Moser. He was a featured synthesist for Krisma's third album, Cathode Mamma. He has also worked with the band Helden (with Warren Cann from Ultravox).[14] Both Zimmer (on keyboards) and Cann (on drums), were invited to be part of the Spanish group Mecano for a live performance in Segovia (Spain) in Two songs from this concert were included in the "Mecano: En Concierto" album released in only in Spain. In , he contributed to the Shriekback album Oil & Gold.[15] In , Zimmer co-produced a single, "History of the World, Part 1," with, and for, UK punk band The Damned, which was also included on their LP release, The Black Album, and carried the description of his efforts as "Over-Produced by Hans Zimmer."

While living in London, Zimmer wrote advertising jingles for Air-Edel Associates.[14] In the s, Zimmer partnered with Stanley Myers, a prolific film composer who wrote the scores for over sixty films. Zimmer and Myers co–founded the London–based Lillie Yard recording studio. Together, Myers and Zimmer worked on fusing the traditional orchestral sound with electronic instruments.[16] Some of the films on which Zimmer and Myers worked are Moonlighting (), Success Is the Best Revenge (), Insignificance (), and My Beautiful Laundrette (). Zimmer's first solo score was Terminal Exposure for director Nico Mastorakis in , for which he also wrote the songs. Zimmer acted as score producer for the film The Last Emperor, which won the Academy Award for Best Original Score.[14]

One of Zimmer's most durable works from his time in the United Kingdom was the theme song for the television game show Going for Gold, which he composed with Sandy McClelland in In an interview with the BBC, Zimmer said: "Going for Gold was a lot of fun. It's the sort of stuff you do when you don't have a career yet. God, I just felt so lucky because this thing paid my rent for the longest time."[17]


A turning point in Zimmer's career occurred with the film Rain Man.[16]Hollywood director Barry Levinson was looking for someone to score Rain Man, and his wife heard the soundtrack CD of the anti-apartheid drama A World Apart, for which Zimmer had composed the music. Levinson was impressed by Zimmer's work and hired him to score Rain Man.[18] In the score, Zimmer uses synthesizers (mostly a Fairlight CMI) mixed with steel drums. Zimmer explained that "It was a road movie, and road movies usually have jangly guitars or a bunch of strings. I kept thinking don't be bigger than the characters. Try to keep it contained. The Raymond character doesn't actually know where he is. The world is so different to him. He might as well be on Mars. So, why don't we just invent our own world music for a world that doesn't really exist?"[19] Zimmer's score for Rain Man was nominated for an Academy Award in , and the film won four Academy Awards including Best Picture.[20]

A year after Rain Man, Zimmer was asked to compose the score for Bruce Beresford's Driving Miss Daisy which, like Rain Man, won an Academy Award for Best Picture. Driving Miss Daisy's instrumentation consisted entirely of synthesizers and samplers, played by Zimmer. According to an interview with Sound on Sound magazine in , the piano sounds heard within the score come from the Roland MKS–20, a rackmount synthesizer. Zimmer joked: "It didn't sound anything like a piano, but it behaved like a piano."[21]

"I listen to [Zimmer's] music and I don't even have to shut my eyes. I can see the pictures. And that's why, in many respects, I know I can talk pictures with Hans. He responds to pictures."

—Ridley Scott, director and producer and frequent collaborator with Zimmer.[22]

The soundtrack to Ridley Scott's film Thelma & Louise by Zimmer featured the trademark slide guitar performance by Pete Haycock on the "Thunderbird" theme in the film. As a teenager, Zimmer was a fan of Haycock, and their collaboration on film scores includes K2 and Drop Zone.[23] Zimmer wrote the theme for Tony Scott's film True Romance, which he based on Carl Orff's Gassenhauer. Gassenhauer had previously been used in the film Badlands, which had a similar story of a young man and a girl on the run following a violent crime.[24] The catchy theme, played on nine marimbas, contrasts starkly with the violence of the film.[25]

For the film The Power of One, Zimmer traveled to Africa in order to use African choirs and drums in the recording of the score. On the strength of this work, Walt Disney Feature Animation approached Zimmer to compose the score for the film The Lion King. This was to be his first score for an animated film. Zimmer said that he had wanted to go to South Africa to record parts of the soundtrack, but was unable to visit the country as he had a police record there "for doing 'subversive' movies" after his work on The Power of One. Disney studio bosses expressed fears that Zimmer would be killed if he went to South Africa, so the recording of the choirs was organized during a visit by Lebo M.[26] Zimmer won numerous awards for his work on The Lion King, including an Academy Award for Best Original Score, a Golden Globe, and two Grammys. In , the score was adapted into a Broadway musical version which won the Tony Award for Best Musical in [27][28] As of April&#;[update], the musical version of The Lion King is the highest grossing Broadway show of all time, having grossed $ million.[29]

Zimmer's score for Tony Scott's film Crimson Tide won a Grammy Award for the main theme, which makes heavy use of synthesizers in place of traditional orchestral instruments. For The Thin Red Line (), Zimmer said that the director Terrence Malick wanted the music before he started filming, so he recorded six and a half hours of music.[19] Zimmer's next project was The Prince of Egypt (), which was produced by DreamWorks Animation. He introduced Ofra Haza, an Israeli Yemenite singer, to the directors, and they thought she was so beautiful that they designed one of the characters in the film to look like her.[19]

Zimmer's score for the film The Thin Red Line is regarded as one of his most important works. The nine minute cue at the climax of the film, "The Journey to the Line" uses a recurring theme based on four chords, combined with a "ticking clock" motif that has been featured in a range of subsequent scores composed by Zimmer.[30] The piece has been used in numerous trailers and video games, and has earned the nickname "the forbidden cue" due to the tendency of film makers to use it as a temp track for dramatic scenes.[31]


Zimmer at The Dark Knightpremiere in

In the s, Zimmer composed scores for Hollywood blockbuster films including three Ridley Scott films, Gladiator (), Black Hawk Down and Hannibal (), followed by The Last Samurai (), Madagascar (), The Da Vinci Code (), The Simpsons Movie (), Kung Fu Panda (), Angels & Demons (), and Sherlock Holmes (). Other work in the s included the Spanish language film Casi Divas,[32] and The Burning Plain (). He composed the theme for the television boxing series The Contender and worked with Lorne Balfe on the music for Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2, which was his first video game project.[33] Zimmer also collaborated with composers Borislav Slavov and Tilman Sillescu to create the score for the video game Crysis 2.[34]

In October , Zimmer performed live in concert for the first time with an orchestra and choir at the 27th Annual Flanders International Film Festival in Ghent.[35] While writing the score for The Last Samurai, Zimmer felt that his knowledge of Japanese music was extremely limited. He began doing extensive research, but the more he studied, the less he felt he knew. Finally, Zimmer took what he had written to Japan for feedback and was shocked when he was asked how he knew so much about Japanese music.[19]

During the scoring of The Last Samurai in early , Zimmer was approached by the producer Jerry Bruckheimer, with whom he had worked previously on Crimson Tide, Days of Thunder, The Rock, and Pearl Harbor. Bruckheimer had finished shooting Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl but was unhappy with the music composed for the film by Alan Silvestri and wanted a replacement score.[36] Bruckheimer wanted Zimmer to rescore the film, but due to his commitments on The Last Samurai, the task of composing and supervising music for Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl was given to Klaus Badelt, one of Zimmer's colleagues at Media Ventures. Zimmer provided some themes that were used in the film, although he is not credited on screen.[37][38] Zimmer was hired as the composer for the three subsequent films in the series, Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest (), Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End (), and Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides (), collaborating with Rodrigo y Gabriela for the last.[39]

Zimmer is also noted for his work on the scores of Christopher Nolan's Batman Begins () and The Dark Knight (), on which he collaborated with James Newton Howard.[17] For the soundtrack of The Dark Knight, Zimmer decided to represent the character of The Joker by a single note played on the cello by his long-time colleague Martin Tillman. Zimmer commented "I wanted to write something people would truly hate."[40] The scores for these films were disqualified from receiving Academy Award nominations for Best Original Score due to too many composers being listed on the cue sheet.[41] Zimmer succeeded in reversing the decision not to nominate The Dark Knight in December , arguing that the process of creating a modern film score was collaborative and that it was important to credit a range of people who had played a part in its production.[42] Zimmer explained his approach to scoring with other musicians in an interview with in

Originally I had this idea that it should be possible to create some kind of community around this kind of work, and I think by muddying the titles – not having "you are the composer, you are the arranger, you are the orchestrator" – it just sort of helped us to work more collaboratively. It wasn't that important to me that I had "score by Hans Zimmer" and took sole credit on these things. It's like Gladiator: I gave Lisa Gerrard the co-credit because, even though she didn't write the main theme, her presence and contributions were very influential. She was more than just a soloist, and this is why I have such a problem with specific credits.[43]

For the film Sherlock Holmes, "The Daily Variety" reported that Zimmer purchased an out-of-tune piano for dollars and used it throughout the scoring process because of its "quirkiness".[44] For the sequel, Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows, Zimmer and director Guy Ritchie incorporated authentic Romani music, which they researched by visiting Slovakia, Italy, and France. The music in the film is played by Romani virtuoso musicians.[45][46]

For the film Inception, Zimmer used electronic manipulation of the song "Non, je ne regrette rien". The horn sound in the score, described by Zimmer as "like huge foghorns over a city" became a popular feature in film trailers. "It's funny how that sort of thing becomes part of the zeitgeist," he said. "But I suppose that's exactly what trailers are looking for: something iconic lasts less than a second, and shakes the seats in the theater."[47][48]

In , Zimmer composed and produced the music for the 84th Academy Awards with Pharrell Williams of The Neptunes.[49] He also composed a new version of the theme music for ABC World News.[50] Zimmer also composed the score for The Dark Knight Rises, the final installment of Christopher Nolan's The Dark Knight Trilogy. The film was released in July [51] Zimmer described himself as "devastated" in the aftermath of the Aurora, Colorado shooting, which occurred at a screening of The Dark Knight Rises, commenting, "I just feel so incredibly sad for these people." He recorded a track entitled "Aurora", a choral arrangement of a theme from the Dark Knight Rises soundtrack, to raise money for the victims of the shooting.[52]


Zimmer co-composed the music for the television series The Bible, which was broadcast in March , with Lorne Balfe and Lisa Gerrard, and the score for 12 Years a Slave, which won the Academy Award for Best Picture in March Zimmer composed the Tomorrowland Hymn for the Tomorrowland festival to celebrate its tenth anniversary in July [53]

Zimmer composed the music for the film The Amazing Spider-Man 2 alongside "The Magnificent Six", which consisted of Pharrell Williams, Johnny Marr, Michael Einziger, Junkie XL, Andrew Kawczynski, and Steve Mazzaro.[54][55] Zimmer also composed the music for Christopher Nolan's film Interstellar, which earned him another Academy Award nomination for Best Original Score.[56] He partnered with Junkie XL to compose the music for the film Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice. In an interview with BBC News in March , Zimmer said that he was retiring from composing the music for superhero films, saying of Batman v Superman: "This one was very hard for me to do, to try to find new language".[57]

Zimmer composed the main theme for the BBC nature documentaryPlanet Earth II, presented by David Attenborough. He later composed the score for the BBC nature documentaryBlue Planet II alongside Jacob Shea and David Fleming, also presented by David Attenborough.[58][59] Zimmer composed the main theme for the Netflix production The Crown.[60] Also in Zimmer released an online course teaching the basics of film scoring.[61] He next composed the score for Christopher Nolan's film Dunkirk, basing part of the score on a recording of a ticking watch that he had been given by Nolan.[62] Zimmer also worked on the score for Denis Villeneuve's Blade Runner . Hans Zimmer and co-composer Benjamin Wallfisch took over scoring duties after Jóhann Jóhannsson left the project.[63]

In , Zimmer composed the score for the television intro of the FIFA World Cup in Russia, called "Living Football."[64] Also in , Zimmer remixed the UEFA Champions League Anthem with rapper Vince Staples for EA Sports' FIFA video game FIFA 19, with it also featuring in the game's reveal trailer.[65] Zimmer composed the score for Dark Phoenix, directed by Simon Kinberg, contrary to his statements of not scoring another superhero film following his experience working on Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice.[66] Also for , he scored the photorealistic computer-animated remake of Disney's The Lion King, directed by Jon Favreau.[67]

On 22 August , Zimmer was also announced as the composer for Wonder Woman .[68] On 18 March , it was announced that Zimmer will be scoring Denis Villeneuve's Dune.[69] In June , Zimmer was hired to create sounds for BMW's concept vehicle, the Vision M Next.[70]

In , Zimmer composed the score for Hillbilly Elegy.[71] On 6 January , it was announced that he would be taking over as composer for the James Bond film No Time to Die after previous composer Dan Romer left the project.[72] On 26 February , Major League Soccer released an anthem for its 25th season, which was composed by Zimmer.[73]

Personal life[edit]

Zimmer's first wife was model Vicki Carolin, with whom he has a daughter.[74] On 3 April , Zimmer filed for divorce from his second wife Suzanne Zimmer, with whom he has three children.[75]

In an interview in May , Zimmer revealed that it was difficult growing up in post-War Germany being Jewish and said, "I think my parents were always wary of me telling the neighbors" that they were Jewish.[76]


Zimmer's Star on the "Boulevard der Stars" in Berlin

Zimmer has received a range of honors and awards, including the Lifetime Achievement Award in film Composition from the National Board of Review, the Frederick Loewe Award in at the Palm Springs International Film Festival, ASCAP's Henry Mancini Award for Lifetime Achievement, and BMI's Richard Kirk Award for lifetime achievement in

In December , Zimmer received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. He dedicated the award to his publicist and long-term friend Ronni Chasen, who had been shot and killed in Beverly Hills the previous month.[77]

In , Zimmer was one of the inaugural winners of the Stephen Hawking Medal for Science Communication.[78]

In November , a main-belt asteroid() OC8 discovered by Polish astronomers Michal Kusiak and Michal Zolnowski was named Hanszimmer.[79]

As of [update], Zimmer had received eleven Academy Award nominations for his work, with a win at the 67th Academy Awards for the film The Lion King.[80]

On 2 October , Zimmer received the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany.[81]

In , Zimmer was inducted as a Disney Legend.[82]


Main article: Hans Zimmer discography


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External links[edit]

Awards for Hans Zimmer

Annie Award for Music in a Feature Production

  • Alan Menken and Stephen Schwartz ()
  • Randy Newman ()
  • Randy Newman ()
  • Matthew Wilder, David Zippel and Jerry Goldsmith ()
  • Michael Kamen ()
  • Randy Newman ()
  • John Powell and Harry Gregson-Williams ()
  • Joe Hisaishi ()
  • Thomas Newman ()
  • Michael Giacchino ()
  • Julian Nott ()
  • Randy Newman ()
  • Michael Giacchino ()
  • Hans Zimmer and John Powell ()
  • Bruno Coulais ()
  • John Powell ()
  • John Williams ()
  • Henry Jackman, Skrillex, Adam Young, Matthew Thiessen, Jamie Houston and Yasushi Akimoto ()
  • Kristen Anderson-Lopez, Robert Lopez and Christophe Beck ()
  • John Powell and Jónsi ()
  • Michael Giacchino ()
  • Hans Zimmer, Richard Harvey and Camille ()
  • Kristen Anderson-Lopez, Robert Lopez, Germaine Franco, Adrian Molina and Michael Giacchino ()
  • Michael Giacchino ()
  • Dan Levy ()
  • Trent Reznor, Atticus Ross and Jon Batiste ()

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Now discussing:

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